35 Most Common House Plants with Pictures & Care Guide

Written by lisa

Oct 12 2021

35 Most Common House Plants with Pictures & Care Guide
Most common house plants are known for their acctractive appearance, fragrance or useful function, which may purify the indoor house air or relieve visual fatigue or decorate indoor environment. Most of all, these most common house plant are easy to grow and care for. Get more plant inspiration and care tips from the 35 most common house plants list below (shown Encyclopedia A-Z).

1. Aglaonema (Chinese Evergreen)

Chinese Evergreen, scientific name: Aglaonema commutatum. Chinese evergreen is the most beautiful and ornamental among the plants of this genus. Potted Chinese evergreen plants are generally used as most common beautiful and elegant indoor foliage plants. Chinese evergreen is suitable to grow indoors and can be grown hydroponic, which can purify the indoor air condition and is easy to care for. It can survive in semi-shade or under light, so it does not need to be watered as often as possible, especially if it is kept indoors, where the sun is not so enough..

Chinese Evergreen - most common house plant

2. Air Plant

Air plants can survive and thrive almost anywhere, so they're a great addition to a sunroom or house indoors. Not only do air plants bring a bit of greenery to your space, but they can actually help purify the air. During photosynthesis, air plants absorb carbon dioxide and convert it to oxygen, acting as an all-natural air purifier. This most common house plant can help you overcome those pesky allergies and generally breathe better.

Air plant - most common house plant

3. Aloe

Aloe is a perennial evergreen plant of the order Liliaceae and Liliaceae, also known as Aloe Curaçao, Chinese Aloe, Scallion, Aloe Vera, Green Leaf Aloe, American Aloe, etc.
The leaves are clustered, large and thick, and are seated or born on the top of the stem. The leaves are often lanceolate or short and wide, with pointed thorns on the edges. Aloe is a shade - loving plant and not resistant to strong light irradiation, which make it the most common house plant.

Aloe - most common house plant

4. Anthurium (Flamingo Flower)

Anthuriums are collector's plants, and many of the most magnificent varieties are rarely found outside of greenhouses and botanical gardens. The most common variety is Flamingo Flower. Because Anthurium andraeanum has fiery red heart-shaped bracts, it has the meaning of "passion" and "happiness". It is one of the representative flowers in the tropics.

Flamingo Flower - most common house plant

5. Arrowhead Vine

The arrowhead plant has a variety of names, such as arrowhead vine, American evergreen, five fingers, and so on. Arrowhead vines not only can grow indoors as a houseplant, but also can be kept outdoors in some regions. In general, the arrowhead plant (Syngonium podophyllum) is typically grown, and easy to keep as most common house plant.

Arrowhead vine - most common house plant

6. Asparagus Fern

Asparagus Fern is the best and most common house plant to tolerate low light and drought. The fine needle-shaped leaves are small, which is very suitable for minimalist and natural home style. The most desirable age of the Common asparagus tree is 1 to 3 years, during which the plants are luxuriant and well-formed.  It is a perennial plant that can live as long as 15 years under ideal conditions

Asparagus fern - most common house plant

7. Bromeliad

Bromeliads are ornamental plants with strong flower and leaf values. They can grow indoors and are the most common house plants for home gardening. Bromeliads grow better in small and shallow pots than in large and deep ones because they don't have very developed roots, and some of them like to be exposed to air.

Bromeliad - most common house plant

8. Calathea (Zebra Plant)

Zebra plant (Calathea zebrina) is a herb native to Brazil. Its leaves are dark green with yellow-green stripes in the middle. The zebra plant is a medium-sized perennial herb of Araceae, with a plant height of up to 1 meter. The leaves are very soft. It is an ornamental plant suitable as indoor house plant. Zebra plant can be used to decorate the hall of the guesthouse, market, the balcony of bedroom, sitting room, etc., which is the most common house plant.  Zebra plants like to grow in low light or semi-shade environments

Zebra plant - most common house plant

9. Cast-iron plant

Cast-iron plant, also called Aspidistra elatior, has dark green leaves, strong growth and strong adaptability. Cast-iron plant is evergreen all the year round, with tall and straight leaves, dark green and bright leaves, graceful, elegant and graceful. Cast-iron plant is an excellent shade-loving leaf-watching plant for house plant. Cast-iron plan can absorb formaldehyde, carbon dioxide and hydrogen fluoride, and can also absorb certain dust. Cast-iron plant is resistant to shade, adaptable, and not easy to pests and diseases, so it is the most common house plant.

Cast-iron plant - most common house plant

10. Chinese Money Plant

Chinse Money plant is relatively suitable to keep indoors. The plant is so small that it's a most common house plant. Why Chinse Money Plant is so common as house plant. First, its moral is very good. You can tell from its name and appearance. Its leaves are round, like coins, a symbol of wealth; And the round appearace in Chinses symbolizes reunion. Therefore, it also becomes a good fengshui plant. Second, It hasornamental value as a house plant. Its potted plants are very small, with round, lovely leaves, very pleasing. It can also be hydroponic, which makes it more watchable and popular. Besides, it is not poisonous and is harmful to kids or pets, so it is very good to grow indoors.
→ Read Chinses money plant care Guide

Chinses Money Plant - most common house plant

11. Christmas Cactus

Christmas cactus is usually a potted plant with a long flowering period. It can be grown indoors where the sunlight is not enough, and can be used to decorate the study and living room. Growing a pot of Christmas Cactus can absorb electromagnetic radiation. The Christmas cactus flowering period can last from a week to a month in winter. The Christmas cactus has been a popular common indoor flower plant for many years. There are more than 200 varieties in the world, and their colors and patterns are extremely rich. The Christmas cactus is not poisonous, which also make it as a most common house plant.
→ Read Christmas Cactust Care Guide

Christmas Cactus - most common house plant

12. Crown of Thorns

Euphorbia milii, the crown of thorns, Christ plant, or Christ thorn, is a species of flowering plant in the spurge family Euphorbiaceae, native to Madagascar. The Crown of Thorns plant, a juicy woody perennial shrub, is often used as an ornamental plant because it has clusters of small flowers. It can grow as a common house plant. Crown of Thorns flower for most of the year, usually from summer to fall. These plants may have pink, white, red or yellow flowers, which have no smell. Some Crown of Thorns are poisonous and are not suitable for families with kids or pets.
→ Read Crown of Thorns Care Guide

Crown of thorns - most common house plant

13. Dieffenbachia

​​Dumb Cane (Dieffenbachia) is a perennial herbaceous foliage plant of Araceae. Dumb Cane's wide leaves have attracted many people's attention. Its air purification ability is very strong, such as: formaldehyde, toluene, ammonia. As a most common house plant, Dumb Cane green leaves are elegant and beautiful, often placed in the study room, living room and office. 
→ Read ​​Dumb Cane Care Guide

Dumb cane - most common house plant

14. Dracaena

Dracaena is a small evergreen shrub in the liliaceae family. Therefore, many people keep Dracaena potted plants at home. On one hand, this most common house plant can improve indoor air quality, and on the other hand, it can be used to decorate the space with beautiful shapes and high ornamental value. Dracaena plants are graceful and orderly, with colorful leaves. It is a fine ornamental plant for modern interior decoration. Medium and small potted flowers can adorn the study, living room and bedroom, and large and medium-sized plants can beautify and decorate the hall.
→ Read ​​Dracaena Care Guide

Dracaena - most common house plant

15. Dragon Tree

Dracaena marginata, widely known as Dragon tree, the main stem is tall and straight, the posture is old, the leaf cluster that spreads is loose, the shape is like an umbrella. The leaves are gorgeous and extremely beautiful. They are the most common house plants. Dragon Tree is native to tropical Asia and Pacific islands. In the early 19th century it was introduced to Europe and soon settled in America. By the early 20th century, Dragon Tree had become very popular in Europe and America and was often used for interior decoration. Dragon Tree is also a medicinal plant. Its flowers, leaves and roots can all be used as medicine.

Dragon Tree - most common house plant

16. Devil Ivy

Devil Ivy as perennial evergreen climbing shrubs owns a great deal of beautiful leaves. The devils ivy is easy to grow, and the growth speed is fast. Devils Ivy is a must-have member of your house plant collection. It has been one of the top most common house plants for several decades, not just because how easy they are to grow, but for the fact that you can shape and train their vines to cover the inside of your house! These are very rapidly growing plants and can grow several metres a year, meaning you can very quickly turn your house into your dream jungle. 

Devil ivy - most common house plant

17. Ficus (Weeping Fig)

Weeping fig, scientific name Ficus benjamina, also called benjamin fig or ficus tree, is a large evergreen tree. With a height of more than 30 meters and a diameter at breast of more than 3 meters, Weeping fig has thick branches, air roots, obvious lentils, broad crown and excellent shading effect. Weeping Fig can be grown indoors for a long time. Weeping fig can adapt to a variety of soil, sandy soil, clay, acid soil and calcareous soil. Planting or potted on the ground, it is appropriate to apply sufficient basal fertilizer. Weeping fig has strong vitality, quite resistant to pruning, potted plants, which make it the most common house plant.
→ Read Weep Fig Care Guide

Weeping fig - most common house plant

18. Hoya Carnosa (Wax Plant)

Hoya Carnosa, also called Wax Plant, is a common house plant special for its attractive foliage and sweetly scented flowers. Hoya Carnosa does not have strict requirements for light, so It can be kept in an environment with enough scattered light. It is grown well in pots and hanging baskets. Hoya Carnosa belongs to vine plant, which has very strong climbing ability and can climb on the balcony resembling a green curtain. Hoya Carnosa also has big balls of flowers, making it a really beautiful potted plant.
Hoya Carnosa grows in spring, summer and fall. So as long as the hoya carnosa care is properly carried out during these three seasons, it will grow very fast and well. 

Hoya Carnosa - most common house plant

19. Jade Plant

Crassula Portulacea CV, commonly known as jade plant, lucky plant, money plant or money tree, is a succulent plant of The genus Cerasus, native to South Africa. Jade plant, often used as a potted house plant, looks really fresh. Its leaves are opposite and usually branched at the stem. Its leaves are green, and a little bit of curve, in the temperature difference is particularly large when the edge of the leaves will turn red, very good-looking. It is one of the most common house plant.

Jade plant - most common house plant

20. Kalanchoe

Kalanchoe is a perennial or shrub-like succulent of the Crassulaceae family and is usually transported as a potted plant. The genus Kalanchoe includes more than 100 species of plants. Kalanchoe are native to arid regions and they are popular succulents and most common house plants. ​​Kalanchoe plant is not particularly difficult to grow, and flowering varieties (K. blossfeldiana) are very valuable for their colorful and long-lasting flowers. 

Kalanchoe Millotii - most common house plant

21. Parlor Palm

Parlor palm, scientific name Chamaedorea elegans, belongs to the Palm family, native to Mexico and Guatemala. With its resistance to shade, it is very suitable and common for indoor small and medium-sized potted house plants, decorative living room, study, conference room, hotel desk and another indoor environment, can make the indoor atmosphere and flavor of tropical scenery added. Parlor palm (Chamaedorea elegans) is a small and exquisite plant with graceful shape, graceful posture, dark green and bright leaf color, strong negative resistance. Parlor palms are considered non-toxic to cats, dogs and people.

Parlor Palm - most common house plant

22. Peace Lily

Peace Lily (Spathiphyllum) is a plant with both flowers and leaves. The leaves of Peace Lily (Spathiphyllum) are large, dense, and shiny. The yellow-white fleshy inflorescence is covered by white buddha bracts, and the back of buddha buds also has bright green ridges. The veins, set off by the dark green leaves, are full of tranquility, elegance and refreshing feeling. Its flower shape is peculiar, like white sails floating in the green ocean, giving people a sense of smooth wind and smoothness, which makes it one of the most common house plant.

Peace Lily - most common hosue plant

23. Peperomia Tetraphylla

Peperomia Tetraphylla is commonly used as a potted decoration and is widely popular for its bright luster and natural green color. And the plant can also be medicinal, according to the pharmacology of traditional Chinese medicine, its internal use can dispel wind dehumidification, cough and expectoration.As one of the most common house plant, peperomia tetraphylla can be used as a small potted plant, often put on an ark of tea table, adornment, ancient rack, desk.

Peperomia tetraphylla - most common house plant

24. Phalaenopsis Orchid (Moth Orchid)

Moth Orchids, also called Phalaenopsis Orchid, are popular with flower lovers because of their unique flowers and long flowering period. Therefore, many flower lovers will plant them in pots at home or in their offices. Moth Orchids is also one of the most common house plant among flower lovers. The flowers of Moth Orchids (Phalaenopsis Orchid) are gorgeous and delicate with rich and bright colors. They can enjoy the flowers for a long time and have a large number of flowers. They can absorb harmful gases indoors and can not only purify the air but also be used as potted plants for ornamental use.

Moth Orchids - Most common house plant

25. Philodendron

Philodendron is a vine plant of The genus Corydalis in the Araceae family. It has strange and varied leaves, slender and dense aerial roots, swinging posture, and is very shade tolerant. Placed indoors, it makes people feel as if they have entered a tropical rainforest. Philodendron has low light requirements and can grow well indoors in dark, so it is one of the most common house plant.

Philodendron - most common house plant

26. Plectranthus (Coleus)

Coleus, scientific name Plectranthus scutellarioides, is a perennial herb, a foliage flower. As one of the most common house plant, Coleus is often used in flower beds, venues, theater layout patterns, and can also be used as a basket, bouquet of flowers with leaves. Indoor furnishings are mostly small and medium-sized potted plants. Coleus is a thermophilic plant with strong adaptability.

Coleus - most common house plant

27. Ponytail Palm

Ponytail Palm is a very common leaf-viewing house plant, and many people choose to grow it at home to decorate the environment. Ponytail palm belongs to the genus Ponytail.  Ponytail palm is a small evergreen tree in its native place and can grow up to 10 meters high. Because the stem shape is peculiar, base special bangs are big, resemble magnum bottles, add the bark that crackles into a small cube and tufted leaf appearance to dance again, Ponytail palm becomes a very peculiar adornment plant.

Ponytail palm - most common house plant

28. Marble Queen Pothos

Marble Queen Pothos is easy-care common house plant, which is a great indoor plant for beginners. Marble Queen Pothos grows under tall trees and naturally likes a cool and moist environment, so it is suitable for growing in a ventilated place with sufficient scattered light and warm temperature. Hydroponic Marble Queen Pothos is a very good interior decoration hydroponic plant. Hydroponic Marble Queen Pothos is very shade resistant, which can be placed in the indoor facing sunshine.

Marble Queen Pothos - most common house plant

29. Rubber Plant (Rubber Fig)

Rubber Fig (Ficus elastica) has thick and wide leaves with a dark green color. The top buds is bright red and it has obvious trunk and fewer branches. The leaves are oval, bright green, with multiple and parallel lateral veins, red young leaves, and stout petioles; Rubber trees are of high ornamental value and are well-known potted foliage common house plants. It is very suitable for indoor beautification layout. Small and medium-sized plants are often used to beautify living rooms and study rooms; medium and large-sized plants are suitable for arrangement on both sides of the entrance hall and the center of the lobby of large buildings.

Rubber plant - most common house plant

30. Schefflera

Schefflera is a perennial spring plant with plump and graceful plants and a strong flavor of The Times. Schefflera is a common plant in evergreen broad-leaved forests in tropical and subtropical regions. Schefflera is suitable for the hotel lobby, library reading room and museum exhibition hall, presenting a natural and harmonious green environment as most common house plant. The leaves absorb nicotine and other harmful substances from the smoke-filled air and convert them through photosynthesis into harmless plant-owned substances. In addition, it reduces the formaldehyde concentration by about 9 milligrams per hour.

Schefflera - most common house plant

31. Snake Plant

Snake Plant is native to western Africa and is a plant of the genus Asparagaceae. Its leaves are firm and upright, with grayish-white and dark green tiger-tail-shaped horizontal stripes on the leaf surface. The posture is resolute and peculiar and interesting. It is a popular foliage plant. It can be arranged on a sunny balcony, window sill, or in a bright indoor place. Snake plants are famously unfussy and are especially well-known for tolerating low-light conditions, which also make them the most common house plants.

Snake plant - most common house plant

32. Spider Plant

The Spider plant has broad, light green leaves attached to short stems with thick, cylindrical succulent roots. It grows fast and is easy to grow, and can be cultivated and appreciated all year round in a brighter room. Spider plany is one of the most common house plants indoors. Its leaves are slender and soft, and the stems of small plants, which are drawn from the axils of the leaves, droop from the edge of the basin, stretch loose and drooping, like flowers, evergreen all the year round.

Spider plant - most common house plant

33. Tradescantia (White Velvet)

White Velvet (Latin name: Tradescantia sillamontana), also called Cobweb Spiderwort, White Gossamer Plant, White Velvet, belongs to Anatipodiaceae. White Velvet is a perennial fleshy herb, tuft plant, with erect or slightly creeping stems. White Velvet is suitable for a warm, moist environment and sufficient and soft sunshine, resistance to half shade and drought, which is one of the most common house plants. It is easily grown as a houseplant. It is noted for its ease of culture and tolerance for wide range of growing conditions.

White Velvet - most common house plant

34. Yucca

Adams needle (Yucca filamentosa) is a low evergreen shrub with hard outward spreading leaves. Adams needle (Yucca filamentosa) is a slow-growing native evergreen shrub that will remain relatively small. The Adams needle is an impressive specimen plant that fits wonderfully in prairie gardens and gravel beds. They can also be cultivated in vessels. The flowers are popular with bees and butterflies. Adams needle (Yucca filamentosa) makes a fine choice for the outdoor landscape, but it is also well-suited for grow in outdoor pots and containers as common house plant

Yucca - mosy common house plant

35. ZZ Plant

ZZ plant is a very rare full round thick stem and leaves of plants, like to grow in a warm and slightly dry half shade environment. It is generally best to grow on the balcony. On the one hand, it can play a very good role in purifying the air, in feng shui meaning can absorb the money gas from the outside world, there is the meaning of gathering wealth. ZZ plant is one of the most common house plant.

zz plant - most common house plant