Written by Maggie
Mar 17 2021
Peristeria elata, commonly called Holy Ghost orchid, dove orchid or flower of the Holy Spirit, is a species of orchid found from Central America to Ecuador and Venezuela. The population is distributed in Central America to Ecuador and Venezuela. Peristeria elata grows well in the obvious dry and rainy climate of Panama.
Peristeria elata (dove orchid) is one of the large terrestrial orchids that grow in soils rich in organic matter. Its populations are distributed from Central America to Ecuador and Venezuela. peristeria elata grows well in the dry and rainy climate of Panama, but it takes 3 to 5 years from seedling to full-grown flower.
Peristeria elata (dove orchid) flowers from autumn to spring of each year, pedicels from the base of the stem, can be 1.5 to 2 meters long, its inflorescences are spiral infinite, flowers from the bottom to the top, the color of the flowers are white, with a light fragrance. Its name derives from the fact that when it blossoms, the stamen inside the Flower sticks so closely to the labellum that it looks like a dove sitting in it.
The population of Peristeria Elata (dove orchid) ranges from Central America to Ecuador and Venezuela and grows well in Panama's distinct dry and rainy weather.
To successfully breed Peristeria elata (dove orchid), it is necessary to ensure a good environment that it can adapt to. The required temperature is 2L ℃ ~ 33℃ in summer and 5℃ ~ 7℃ in winter. When the ambient temperature exceeds 35℃, it should be particularly noted that when the temperature is below 10℃ in winter, leaves begin to fall off gradually, that is, falling leaves enter the dormant period.
Peristeria elata (dove orchid) prefers a semi-overcast environment. Greenhouse potted flower production, appropriate half shade and half light environment, sunlight is too strong, will cause leaf burns or slow growth. But the shade is too large, the plant becomes weak and elongated and does not flower easily. Therefore, spring, summer, autumn three seasons can accept the morning and evening light, around noon with 50% ~ 60% of the shading net can be shaded.
Moist conditions are preferred by Peristeria elata (dove orchid) and generally grow well in areas with abundant moisture and high air humidity. Therefore, attention should be paid to observe every day to keep the planting material slightly wet. But not too wet or watery, which can cause rot in the roots of the plant. Spray the plants in summer and fall when they are hot and dry to ensure humidity in the air.
In the germination of new plants and new leaves, a vigorous period should cooperate with watering to plant fertilization. Pay attention to fertilization should not be too much, too thick fertilizer easy to root death. It is better to apply a more diluted concentration than the prescribed amount.
Generally, every half a month apply 1-time thin cake fertilizer water or every two months along the edge of the basin around the application of a small amount of slow-release granular compost fertilizer. If applied to a chemical fertilizer, the fertilizer 2000 times liquid that is 30:10:10 with nitrogen phosphorus potassium proportion had better, unfavorable too low.
More in the spring before the new bud germination, the growth of the dense cluster of false bulbs dugout, with 1 ball or 2 ~ 3 ball points planted in the new pot, the year can blossom. A strong old bulb that has been growing for many years will shed its leaves from the top of the stem and then sprout new buds. The tip of the leaf can also be cut at the top of the pseudobulb to stimulate its rapid initiation of multiple new buds. When the new buds grow a certain root system, they can be separated from the top and planted in the pot. After 2 to 3 years of cultivation, they can blossom.
In addition to the method of dividing plants, Peristeria elata (dove orchid) also can be used for cutting propagation of pedunculus. It can be in flower after the pedicel on the residual flowers even pedicel cut off, the pedicel from the base of the cut, and the pedicel branches and buds on the bracts carefully removed, revealing the buds. The pedicels cut off were buried in the ceramsite or sand bed with the temperature maintained at 25℃ ~ 30℃ and the humidity above 75%. After a few months, the internodes will grow small shoots with roots, which can be cut off and planted separately.