Written by Maggie
Dec 30 2020
Schefflera is a perennial spring plant with plump and graceful plants and a strong flavor of The Times. Schefflera is a common plant in evergreen broad-leaved forests in tropical and subtropical regions. Schefflera is a nectar plant in winter in southern China. Its wood material is soft, used as matchstick and raw material for making steamers. Leaves and root bark are used as medicinal herbs for the treatment of influenza, injuries and other diseases.
Schefflera is a large evergreen tree or shrub, with plant heights ranging from 30 ~ 80cm under cultivation conditions and up to 40m in origin. Schefflera is densely branched, branchlets stout, wrinkled when dry, densely stellate pubescent when young, soon glabrous. Schefflera has palmate compound leaves, lobules 5 ~ 9, elliptic, oval-shaped, 9 ~ 17cm long and 3 ~ 5cm wide, with long tips, leathery, dark green, shiny leaves. Flowers are small, most white, fragrant, flowering winter spring. The berry is globose, black, ca. 5 mm in diam., flowering from November to December, fruiting December to January of the following year.
Schefflera prefers warm, humid and semi-overcast environments. The suitable temperature for growth is 16 ~ 27℃, and it can still grow normally under high temperature above 30℃. The temperature in winter is no less than 5℃. Schefflera prefers wet to dry, and its stems and leaves flourish under conditions of high air humidity and sufficient soil moisture. But too much water, causing waterlogging, will cause root rot. Schefflera has a wide range of light adaptation and can grow in full, half or half sunshine. However, there is a certain relationship between the intensity of light and the color of the leaves. The color of the leaves tends to be lighter under the intensity of light, and the color of the leaves is dark green under the semi-shade. The fertile, loose and well-drained sandy loam soil is preferred. Potting soil is a mixture of peat, leaf rot and coarse sand.
Schefflera originated in the South Pacific Islands and was introduced to Britain in 1658 and later expanded to Europe and America. Oceania and Africa are distributed, China is mainly distributed in Xizang (Chayu), Yunnan, Guangxi, Guangdong, Zhejiang, Fujian and Taiwan, tropical and subtropical areas of evergreen broad-leaved forest common plants, sometimes also born on sunny slopes, altitude of 100 ~ 2100 meters.Japan, Vietnam and India also have them.
Schefflera propagation commonly used cutting and seeding methods:
1.Cutting propagation: in April to September, cut 1 year old top branches, long 8 to 10 cm, remove the lower leaves, inserted in the sand bed, keep wet, room temperature at 25℃ or so, 30 to 40 days after the insertion can take root.
2. Sowing propagation: indoor basin sowing was used in April to May. The appropriate temperature for germination was 20 ~ 25℃. The seedling height was 5 ~ 8 cm, and the pot was moved 4 cm at a time.
1. Garden use: Schefflera is suitable for the hotel lobby, library reading room and museum exhibition hall, presenting a natural and harmonious green environment. The leaves absorb nicotine and other harmful substances from the smoke-filled air and convert them through photosynthesis into harmless plant-owned substances. In addition, it reduces the formaldehyde concentration by about 9 milligrams per hour.
2. Schefflera is a nectar plant in southern Winter.
3. Schefflera can be used as medicine. It can stop bleeding, relieve swelling and pain, promote blood circulation and remove blood stasis. The indications are rheumatic bone pain, fracture, wound swelling and pain, bleeding from knife injury.