Learn how to grow andcare for Arrowhead plants with important tips. You may know of arrowhead vine by one of its other various names, such as five fingers, American evergreen, nephthytis, or goosefoot vine. A species of ariod from the Araceae family, arrowhead vine hails from a large chunk of Latin America and has been naturalized in the US and in the West Indies, most popularly grown as a houseplant. Like most vines, it will creep along a support if one is provided as it reaches maturity, otherwise it acts much like a ground cover plant, making it well suited for containers, as well as indoor trellis ideas. Arrowhead vine is lovely in container or hanging basket by itself, or with a companion plant. Most arrowhead plants have variegated leaves that evolve as the plant matures from a simple arrow shaped structure, into a divided, long-lobed leaf.
How to choose and prepare a planting site for Arrowhead plants
Arrowhead thrives outdoors in hardy USDA areas and has a wide distribution in warm tropical regions around the globe. In cooler climates, it is usually grown indoors. Provided the right growing environment, Arrow plants will thrive and thrive in an indoor environment. Arrow plants usually prefer bright light but do not like direct sunlight. Under the eaves of a garden or by an indoor window are good choices. Dark green arrowhead plants enjoy partial shade, while arrowhead vines with variegated leaves can withstand a little direct sunlight.
Arrowhead plants have multiple indoor uses and grow well planted in hanging baskets allowing the stems to cascade over the side, in regular pots, or used with a moss stick or indoor trellis system allowing the stems to crawl upward. Just make sure the container has bottom drain holes so the soil doesn’t remain too soggy.
When to grow Arrowhead plants
The best time to plant arrowhead plants is in the spring, summer and fall because the roots grow faster in warmer weather, and the plant will be growing strongly at this time and the cuttings will establish themselves quickly.
However, as they are so resilient, Arrowhead plant propagation can be done at most times of the year with a reasonable success rate. This is also possible if you propagate with stem cuttings in winter, but often takes longer.
How to Grow Arrowhead plants
To make more arrowhead vines, propagate from stem cuttings, which are best taken in the late spring and early summerAn Arrowhead plant can be propagated from cuttings in either water or soil. Cut a 6-12 inch section of the stem just below a node. Plant in moist soil or put the stem directly in water. New roots will appear within 1-2 weeks and new leaves after about 4 weeks.
Stem cuttings are simply pieces of stem that are cut off from the parent plant and then used to grow a new plant. The essential thing is to make your cut below a node and to have at least one leaf already formed on the piece of stem that you remove from the original plant.
A node is a joint in the stem which you will easily be able to recognize as it creates two bumps on opposite sides of the stem. Left to its own devices, the plant would eventually produce aerial roots from these nodes and they would aid the plant in climbing.
Make your cut just below this node as it is from the node that the first roots of your new plant will begin to appear in 1-2 weeks. It is important that you make you cut close to the node as any excess stem material is at risk of dieback and this could lead to disease.
Rooting Arrowhead plants Cutting In Water
As you are about to see, Arrowhead plant propagation is really easy and you have two options when it comes to rooting your cuttings.
Simply popping the cutting into a glass of water is probably the most common method. The node will need to always remain below the surface of the water with the leaves hanging on the lip of the glass or whatever container you choose to use.
Plant growers who take a lot of cuttings often use glass test tubes which they can stand in a rack so that they can root many cuttings at once.
You won’t need to go to this expense and even if you want to root several cuttings at once you can do so by just popping them into the same glass of water. After one to two weeks, you will notice that the nodes are starting to produce small white roots.
This is a sign that all is going to plan but it is not yet an indication that your cutting is ready to be potted up. It will take a few more weeks before the root system is strong enough to be planted into a pot.
Other than monitoring the root growth and making sure that the water level is always topped up, you won’t need to do much at this stage. Be aware, though, that as the plant develops it will consume water more quickly so keep an eye on that water level.
Rooting Arrowhead plants Cuttings In Soil
Some growers prefer to plant their cutting directly into soil. This method is equally effective and it comes down to personal choice as to which method you opt for. Those that plant directly into the pot point out that this eliminates any chance of shock as the plant is potted up.
It can help when planting cuttings into soil to use a rooting hormone to improve root development. Personally, I prefer being able to monitor root development as the roots grow in the water.
It is best to plant at least 4-6 cuttings into each pot, as this will give your Arrowhead plant a full and bushy growth habit and make for a really impressive plant.
It is ok to plant your cuttings directly into whatever pot you plan to keep them in. Try to keep the soil lightly moist during the first few weeks of growth. This will prevent your cuttings from wilting and help them establish faster.
It also helps to keep humidity high, and place the pot in bright, indirect light. Excessive direct sunlight will cause your cuttings to wilt, while low light will negatively impact their growth.
How to care for Arrowhead plants
Arrowhead vine is a relatively easy houseplant to care for—it will thrive under the same conditions as its very popular relative, the philodendron. Arrowhead vines are climbers in the wild and will eventually grow from shade into full sun in the canopy of trees, with leaves maturing and gaining size as the plants gain altitude. As a houseplant, they're often used as trailing plants once mature and can be trained up a pole or moss stick for added visual interest. Alternately, you can pinch new growth to maintain the young plant's upright stems.
Tropical in nature, arrowhead vines are perfect for a sunroom or greenhouse conservatory where ample heat, light, and humidity will encourage their growth. Provide your arrowhead vine with the right growing conditions, and you will have a lush and healthy plant.
Arrowhead vine likes bright light but no direct sun. Diffused light is best, as harsh rays can burn or bleach the delicate leaves and vines. Variegated colorways can handle a bit more direct sun, while deeper green varieties are better adapted to partial shade.
Plant your arrowhead vine in a traditional soil-based potting mix. Arrowhead vines are prone to root rot, so you'll want to make sure whichever potting soil you choose is well-draining. Additionally, consider planting your vine in a terracotta or clay vessel to wick away extra moisture from the soil.
Water your arrowhead vine regularly during the spring and summer months, and reduce your watering cadence come winter. During the spring and summer, you want to allow your vine to dry out partially between waterings but never completely. Likewise, the plant should not be kept too wet, either.
Temperature and Humidity
True to its tropical nature, arrowhead vine prefers warm and humid conditions. If possible, maintain temperatures above 60 degrees Fahrenheit. While the plant can tolerate average humidity, it will thrive best with added moisture in the air. Consider keeping your plant somewhere in your home with naturally higher humidity (like a kitchen or bathroom), or utilize a method of increasing humidity, like a portable machine or placing a bed of wet river rocks beneath the pot.
Feed your arrowhead vine once a month with liquid fertilizer throughout the spring, summer, and fall months. You can halt feeding throughout winter when the plant will naturally slow its growth.
Pests and Diseases
Arrowhead vine is relatively resistant to pests on its own. However, dwelling in the home amongst other plants can expose it to pests like spider mites, mealybugs, aphids, and scale. If you notice any of these afflictions, treat your plant immediately with neem oil or another natural solution.
Varieties of Arrowhead plants to try in your garden
Let’s look briefly at some of the most popular varieties of arrowhead plants that grow exceptionally well indoors:
Syngonium podophyllum ‘Pink Allusion’
This variety of arrowhead has shiny green leaves with hints of pink blushing and pink veins.
Syngonium podophyllum ‘neon robusta’
Another cultivar with rosy-pink and green foliage which is very easy to care for and looks stunning in any home decor.
Syngonium podophyllum ‘Imperial White’
This stunning variety has variegated leaves that are dark green and brilliant white. It’s one of the rarest types of arrowhead plant you can find and similar to the ‘Albo-Variegatum’ cultivar.
Syngonium podophyllum ‘Holly’
Also called Holly Nephthytis, this arrowhead plant has spectacular white leaves with green edging.
FAQs on Growing Syngonium Podophyllum (Arrowhead Vines) Indoors
Why are arrowhead plant leaves turning yellow?
Watering issues are usually to blame if your arrowhead vine leaves start yellowing. Too much water or not enough hydration can cause the Syngonium plant’s vibrant foliage to become yellow. Check the soil for moisture levels and adjust your watering schedule appropriately.
Why are brown tips appearing on arrowhead plant leaves?
A lack of humidity can result in brown patches on the Syngonium leaves. To resolve the issue, bump up the humidity levels around the plant. Also, make sure that the arrowhead plant isn’t near air vents or radiators.
How to speed up arrowhead vine growth?
Naturally, arrowhead plants grow slower in the winter. However, if their growth seems lethargic during the growing season, you need to check your care methods. Try moving the Syngonium plant container to a brighter spot and humidify regularly. You could also try repotting the Syngonium podophyllum plant to replenish nutrients and feed with a balanced household fertilizer monthly during the growing season.