Written by Maggie
Dec 29 2020
Peperomia Tetraphylla is commonly used as a potted decoration and is widely popular for its bright luster and natural green color. And the plant can also be medicinal, according to the pharmacology of traditional Chinese medicine, its internal use can dispel wind dehumidification, cough and expectoration. It is also an important part of Chinese herbal medicine because it is used externally to treat injuries and fractures.
Peperomia Tetraphylla is as high as 10 ~ 30cm, Succulent stem, base prostate, much branched, several lower nodes of adventitia roots, internodes with thick longitudinal edges. Leaves are dense, 3 ~ 4 whorled, nearly equal in size. The petiole is 1 ~ 2mm short, glabrous or pubescent; The leaf blade is elliptic or subcircular, 9 ~ 12cm long, 5 ~ 9cm wide, blunt or round at both ends, glabrous or young leaves sparsely pilose, veins 3, thin, usually not obvious. Leaves with succulent, transparent glandular spots, dry when light yellow, and wrinkles. Spikes are solitary, terminal or axillary, 2 ~ 4.5cm long. Racemose pedicels are slightly shorter than inflorescences, sparsely hairy or sub glabrous, while inflorescences are densely hairy. Bracts are suborbicular, short-stalked, shieldlike. Flowers are small, bisexual, antependium, berry ovoid, apex acute, nearly 1mm long.F lowering period: February ~ April and September ~ October.
Peperomia Tetraphylla likes a warm and humid semi-cloudy environment. The suitable temperature for growth is about 25℃, the minimum temperature should not be less than 10℃, high temperature resistance, high air humidity is required, and avoid direct sunlight. It is appropriate to grow in the semi-shade. Peperomia Tetraphylla likes loose and fecundity, with moist soil with good drainage. The requirement is loose, fecundity, the soil with good drainage, usable river sand, mud fabric, rotten leaf soil mixes makeup. From May to September during its growth period, water more. The weather should be hot leaf spray or water, in order to maintain greater air humidity, keep the leaf clear pattern and emerald green leaf color.
Peperomia Tetraphylla is originally produced in the north of South America such as Brazil and Argentina, west Indian Peninsula, Panama and other regions, often born in understory wetland or rock mountain and rock gap in the dark wet place, sometimes on the tree trunk, later introduced to China.
The history of Peperomia Tetraphylla cultivation in China is not long, and it is mainly distributed in Fujian, Taiwan, Hainan, Xizang, Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Guangdong, Guangxi and other places.And more for potted plants, the wild is rare.
1.Branch insertion can be carried out in April to August. Select the top branches, cut and insert 10 cm, with 3 to 4 leaves, after the cutting mouth is dried, directly into the sand bed, pouring water after a little wet place, about 15 to 20 days can take root.
2. Leaf insertion is suitable for May. Cut the mature leaf blade, with petiole 1 cm, upright or slightly oblique inserted into the shallow basin with sand. Another way is to cut 1/4 of the leaves, bury the petiole and the incision into the sand, and keep the temperature at 20 ~ 25℃ and suitable temperature. Adventant roots and adventant buds will grow out in about 20 days, and the young plants will grow out gradually from the top of the main vein.
1. For viewing: Peperomia Tetraphylla can be used as a small potted plant. Often put on an ark of tea table, adornment, ancient rack, desk, very beautiful.
2. Peperomia Tetraphylla can be used as medicine. Clear heat and dispel heat, relax tendons and activate collaterals, dispel wind and dehumidify, calm asthma and relieve cough, treat cough, asthma, rheumatism, dysentery, heat stroke, diarrhea, cancer, bruise.