Arrowhead Vine Profile  

Written by Joy

Sep 18 2021

Arrowhead Vine Profile  

The arrowhead plant has a variety of names, such as arrowhead vine, American evergreen, five fingers, and so on. Arrowhead vines not only can be cultivated indoors as a houseplant, but also can be kept outdoors in some regions. In general, the arrowhead plant (Syngonium podophyllum) is typically grown, and easy to keep .

 Arrowhead VineArrowhead Vine
Arrowhead Plant - Most Common House Plant

Arrowhead Vine morphological characteristics

The arrowhead vine is a tropical climber in the Araceae family. Most kinds have variegated leaves to one degree or another, and like many aroids. Which attracts scientists is that the plant's leaf structure can change as it matures, turning from a simple arrow shape to a deeply lobed or divided mature leaf. syngonium podophyllum grows outdoors in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 12, so in most locations in the United States, it is grown as a houseplant.

Arrowhead Vine growth habit and growing environment and distribution

The arrowhead vine can be kept alone or cultivated with other plants. With the vine growing, however, it will start to vine; therefore, it must be a great choice to grow such a plant in a hanging basket and you will get a quite excellent feeling in your free time.
In a word, arrowhead plant care is quite easy. The arrowhead plant should be allowed to dry out between waterings. Although the plant enjoys some moisture, it should not be kept too wet, which may account for root rot. It prefers temperatures between 16 and 24 C,but it can well adapt to the environments it lives, if necessary. Proper arrowhead plant care requires humid conditions, especially during dry winter months. Mist the plant daily or place its container on a tray filled with pebbles and water to increase humidity for optimal growth. The arrowhead plant should be fertilized regularly with a balanced fertilizer. The leaves change shape as the plant matures, which start as an arrowhead shape, and then turning into three to five fingers. Leaves are generally green but there are many kinds that include variegated leaves of differing shades. Average light is the normal for solid green varieties or those with less variegation. According to studies, it's said that the vine should be kept away from direct sunlight, as this will make the arrowhead plant die. The arrowhead plant sometimes will stand low light levels in a way.
The species is native to a wide region of Latin America from Mexico to Bolivia, and it has become naturalized in the West Indies, Florida, Texas, Hawaii, and other warmer areas.

Arrowhead Vine Varieties

There are over 30 species of arrowhead plant around the world. The most commonly known in the vine cultivated is syngonium podophyllum and its many other varieties. Plants with striking variegation along leaf veins have been cultivated by researchers. Leaves of this plant are simply arrows, while mature leaves can grow up to a foot long and have five or more lobes. With it growing, the variegated plants will lose their variegation as usual.

Arrowhead Vine cultivation

You ought to offer your arrowhead vine the proper growing conditions, and you will have a healthier houseplant.


Providing your plant with bright light but not too direct sun is proper. Various types can handle different direct sun, and the different need for shade.


You'd better spray frequently to keep high humidity. Keep the soil continuously moist throughout spring and summer and reduce watering in the winter, but keep it in mind that don't let it dry out.


Arrowhead plant can grow better in warm and humid conditions. What you need to pay attention to is that you should keep it in areas above 60 F if possible.


It's agood choice to plant it in a rich, well-drained potting mix.


You ought to feed regularly with liquid fertilizer while growing season.