How to grow Sacred Lotus from seeds

Written by Maggie

Mar 31 2021

How to grow Sacred Lotus from seeds

Sacred Lotus seed is a long life seed, no dormant period. As long as the old ripe, it can be picked and selected as sowing, but also can be used for years, decades or even hundreds of thousands of years. Sacred Lotus seed can be used for sowing and reproduction.

Sacred Lotus planting is usually used to divide lotus root or seed lotus seed reproduction. When necessary, we also insert Sacred Lotus root cover over, dig Sacred Lotus root whip and other methods of reproduction.

Sacred Lotus

Sacred Lotus seed growing time

Growing Sacred Lotus seed should choose the right time, the spring temperature stability over 18 degrees Celsius to bubble, the Suggestions above 20 degrees began to bubble stability, is beneficial to improve the germination rate and seedling rate. Bubble of flowering properly before summer, after summer bubble of flowering rate will reduce, but can be used to foliage, next reoccupy kind of lotus root cultivation to improve rate of flowering.

Sacred Lotus seed treatment before growing

External structure of Sacred Lotus seed: the two ends of lotus seed are composed of convex part and concave part. Convex part is more pointed, protruding obviously. The indentation is very important and needs to be distinguished carefully. The indentation is convex in appearance, but if you look carefully, you will find a little indentation on the top with a pinhole size indentation. This is where the seed connects to the lotus seed, and this is the direction in which the embryo grows.

Sacred Lotus seed breach: because the sacred lotus seed shell is very hard, relatively closed, direct bubble of water softening, lotus seed germination on its own strength is difficult to break through the shell nature germinated normally, so in order to improve the germination rate of seeds need to break the lotus seeds, there are many ways to breach of a is grinding, the other is the clip, the third is cut, four is cut.

"Grinding" is to use a hard rough object to grind the lotus seed concave surface, the lotus seed grinding a small mouth line, must not grind too much to seed embryo injury.

"Clamp" is to use a vise to clamp the concave out of a small mouth, but also to pay attention to the size of the mouth, in order not to hurt the seed embryo to some degree.

"Shear" is to use the branch shear inverted, the lotus seed concave, cut out a small mouth, and do not hurt the seed embryo.

"Cut" is to use a sharp knife to cut the lotus seed concave a small mouth, careful not to hurt the hand and seed embryo.

The seed of lotus has advantages of saving labor and money, convenient transportation and easy operation. Growing Sacred Lotus seed, once it becomes alive after planting, the seed of lotus has strong vitality and is suitable for large area rapid propagation. However, it is easy to change and cannot keep the good characters of varieties, so it is generally used for breeding new varieties for sowing and propagation.

Sacred Lotus

The process of growing Sacred Lotus seed 

Sacred Lotus seedling growth is divided into Sacred Lotus seed water expansion, germination, growth and adventitious root growth several processes. The process of seedling is greatly affected by temperature and light, low temperature and low light is easy to cause rot, rot and seedling phenomenon. A lot of people like to plant Sacred Lotus often encounter problems, so in order to cultivate quality lotus seedlings, strong requirements for appropriate temperature and light.

Growing Sacred Lotus seed, when the temperature of Sacred Lotus seed soaking is stable above 20 degrees, put the Sacred Lotus seed into the clear water of the water temperature above 20 degrees and let it absorb water to soften the seed shell and expand the seed embryo by absorbing water. This process only takes one day, only half a day when the temperature is high. At this stage, two things need to be done: one is to change the water, 2-3 times a day; the other is to absorb water and remove one third of the seed shell after softening.(Note: Change the water once a day for a large quantity, and the seed shell will fall off by itself)

Sacred Lotus seeds sprout

Sacred Lotus seed germination is the bud that breaks through the seed embryo and shows the green bud after water absorption and expansion. This stage may take 2-3 days, pay attention to cold insulation and change water twice a day.

Adventitious Sacred Lotus root growth

Sacred Lotus seeds from the bubble seed if the temperature and sunlight is suitable for 7-10 can grow adventitious roots, forming seedlings. This process changes the water once a day, maintains the depth about 10 centimeters, basks in the sun more, when the advantage root grows to 2-4 centimeters can be colonized.

Preparation before growing Sacred Lotus seeds

Potted Sacred Lotus can use the container that does not leak such as basin, crock, bowl. These containers are top-grade with porcelain, purple arenaceous basin decorous and easy also is a very good choice, pottery should spend glazing ability to go, plastic basin is portable, cheap also can choose.

Care for growing Sacred Lotus seeds

Pay attention to the depth and size of the basin when choosing the basin, because lotus is a cross-pollinated plant, the variation of the seed is relatively large, can not determine the size of the variety model, so should choose the diameter of not less than 29 cm, the depth of not less than 18 cm basin, etc. After flowering according to the size of the variety model to choose different basins.

Sacred Lotus

Selection and treatment of soil for growing Sacred Lotus seeds

Sacred Lotus requirements of the soil are not high, as long as the soil of cultivated plants are good. But in order to help the growth of the lotus had better choose pond silt, mud, such as paddy soil or garden soil more fertile soils, among them with pond silt best, but can not choose ze contaminated or planting lotus pond silt, contaminated mud, usually very dark and strong smell, cultivation of lotus pond sludge will be very dark lack of nutrition. It is not easy to find suitable soil for lotus planting in the city. You can use the soil that has been planted with other flowers. If the soil has insufficient nutrients, you can apply proper topdressing in the cultivation process.

Soil treatment for growing Sacred Lotus seeds

The soil mainly provides necessary nutrition and plant fixation for growing Sacred Lotus seeds. Some preliminary work should be done before planting lotus root.

One is to install the basin, the basin to see the basin, according to the basin depth of 60%-70% of the soil, such as 10 cm deep basin to install the soil about 7 cm, 20 cm deep to install the soil 12-15 cm, 30 cm deep to install the soil about 20 cm, to set aside a certain layer of water storage, clay heavy soil can be less, loose soil can be a little more;

Second, basal dressing, basal fertilizer is mixed in the soil before planting, with rotten organic fertilizer is given priority to. Do not use available chemical fertilizers, also don't use not rotten organic fertilizer, and rather less not more fertilizer, 29 cm of the diameter of the application of 50-80 grams. If the soil is fertile or not sure about the basal dressing can not basal dressing, fertilizer in growing period;

Three is to soak the soil, is to add water in the pot will be soft soil, foam soil also wants to see the soil and decided to soak soft as a standard. If the clay soil is rigid, it can be soaked 7-15 days before the colonization, and then stirred into mud after the soil is soft, and then transplanting can be carried out after the mud precipitation. For loose soil and unconsolidated clay soil, it can be mixed with water half a day or one day before the colonization, and then transplanting can be done after the mud precipitation.

Sacred Lotus seeds growing management

1. Floating leaf stage (seedling stage). The floating-leaf period is from transplanting to the beginning of vertical leaf growth. In this period, let for growing Sacred Lotus seeds as much as possible in the sun, improve the basin water temperature, conducive to the rapid growth of terminal bud, reduce rotten seedlings. The water layer can maintain a depth of 3-5 cm. Floating leaf number to more than 5-6 pieces can use potassium sulfate ternary compound fertilizer (N, P, K proportion of 15-15-15, also available N content larger compound fertilizer) about 5 grain of each application (fertilizer rate on the basis of 29 diameter basin, basin big increasing fertilizer rate, small basin reducing fertilizer rate), the fertilizer directly placed in the middle of the basin of water, must not direct contact with the blade, the fertilizers can also add 5 to 10 grams of rotten cake fertilizer fluid, so as to promote vegetative growth of lotus.

2. Vegetative growth stage (leaf standing stage). Standing period is the period from the start of standing leaf growth to the present bud. During this period, the temperature was relatively high and the growth volume was large. If there was insufficient basal fertilizer, yellow leaves would easily be caused, which would affect the vegetative growth. Moreover, during this period, flower buds would also form along with the vegetative growth. Therefore, fertilization in this period is particularly important. About 20 grains of potassium sulfate compound fertilizer (15-15-15) can be applied in every 20 days or so per basin, and 10-20 grams of stale cake fertilizer liquid can also be added directly into the water in the center of the basin, so as to promote the nutritional growth of lotus and the formation of flower buds.

Sacred Lotus

During this period, attention should be paid to pruning and timely removal of yellow floating and vertical leaves to increase ventilation and light permeability. Attention should be paid to leave petioles of appropriate length when picking leaves. The degree of no water in the fracture should be taken to keep the water in the basin full.

3. Reproductive growth period (flowering and fruiting period).Fruiting stage refers to the period from bud appearance to fruit maturity. High temperature during this period, the nutrition and water is used up big, fertilization can consult made leaf fertilizer standards, and in particular to the basin of water, add water to fill, influence to prevent dehydration and even death, to the flowers and leaves late start yellowing, lotus root development to reduce fertilizer application, even no fertilizer, especially the compound fertilizer had better not use.

4, The Sacred Lotus stem and leaves yellow period.Yellowing refers to the ripening of the fruit to the ground part of all yellowing.It's easy to manage at this time, just keep the soil moist.

5. Sacred Lotus dormant period. Dormant period refers to the ground after some withered and yellow to the beginning of the second year spring terminal bud began to germinate. The key point of management in this period was safe wintering. The areas south of the Yangtze River could be wintered outdoors safely, while the areas north of the Yangtze River could be covered with multi-layer plastic film for insulation, and the family planting could be put indoors for wintering.
Sacred Lotus