The breeding methods and precautions of Passiflora edulis

Written by Maggie

Nov 19 2020

The breeding methods and precautions of Passiflora edulis

In the process of cultivating Passiflora edulis, it is advisable to place the plant by the window facing south during the growth period, but pay attention to ventilation and shading when strong light and high temperature, move it indoors after winter, and keep the pot soil moist when watering. The base fertilizer applied for planting is mainly farmyard manure. After the fruit is picked, the decomposed organic fertilizer shall be applied 1 to 2 times in combination with pruning and weeding.

Passiflora edulis picture

Passiflora edulis

The breeding method of Passiflora edulis

1. Light and temperature environment

Passiflora edulis is a tropical plant that grows faster in a warm environment with sufficient sunlight. It is best to place the plant on a windowsill facing the south when it is cultivated at home. However, the plant should be placed in the shade hot summer climate. Also pay attention to ventilation, the plants can be moved indoors in advance after autumn to avoid being frostbitten.

2. Suitable moisture

Passiflora edulis likes to grow in a moist substrate. It is advisable to keep the pot soil moist when watering during the peak growing season, to ensure sufficient water when flowering and fruiting, and to strictly control watering after flowering, and also during high temperature keep the air humidity at about 75-80%, and gradually reduce the amount of watering after winter.

3. Fertilize regularly

Regular fertilization is one of the cultivation methods and precautions of Passiflora edulis. When planting, apply enough base fertilizer. The fertilizer is mainly composed of decomposed farm manure solution. After that, apply 2 to 4 times of phosphorus and potassium fertilizer before flowering. In order to promote the formation of flowers and fruits, after picking the fruits, apply 1 to 2 decomposed organic fertilizers in combination with pruning and weeding.

Passiflora edulis

Matters needing attention for breeding Passiflora edulis

1. Overwintering management

Because Passiflora edulis has poor cold resistance, it should be treated in full sunlight in winter, and the plant should not be placed in a dark place, otherwise it will cause leaf fall. At the same time, avoid the cold wind and use it when the temperature is low. Fill light for heating treatment.

2. Pest prevention

Passiflora edulis is easy to cause root rot, anthracnose, mosaic disease and other hazards in spring. When poor plant growth and yellow leaf spots are found, the dead branches and leaves should be inspected in time to ensure good ventilation. In severe cases, use thin thiophanate or carbendazim for spray control.

Passiflora edulis