Written by Maggie
Jan 09 2021
Spanish jasmine is very similar in appearance to jasmine and has an extremely strong fragrance. Moreover, Spanish jasmine is the national flower of Pakistan and can be seen everywhere in Pakistan, not only growing in the wild, but also growing in the garden of every family. So do you want to know about growing Spanish jasmine? Next, we will introduce the growing methods of Spanish Jasmine and some Spanish jasmine care.
Best growing time: generally in winter, spring is more suitable.
Optimal growth soil: rich in humus and loose and fertile, transparent performance is better micro-acid soil.
Growth humidity requirements: spanish jasmine likes warm and sunny, requires moist air, slightly shade tolerant, and is afraid of cold.
Optimum growth temperature: Generally the best winter room temperature is to keep at about 10℃.
The best growing light: Spanish Jasmine likes sufficient light, slightly tolerant of shade, not cold, and is afraid of summer heat.
Spanish jasmine soil: Select a strong jasmine branch and remove the young tips from the top. Pile a few shards on the bottom of the basin as a drainage layer. Apply a layer of putrid base fertilizer and fill it with culture soil. Take the midpoint of the whole shoot and insert the lower part into the soil, leaving 2-4 leaflets on the upper part. Put the plant in the shade and maintain it for about 40 days.
For the Spanish jasmine, we should pay attention to grasp the time to fertilize. In February, apply organic fertilizer or compound fertilizer once, the flower does not flower or tree weakness can be applied to the topdressing. In April, every 15 days or so a topdressing of liquid fertilizer, so that the flowers continue and many flowers. Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium compound fertilizers were applied once or twice after autumn.
Reasonable watering. In April, the air is relatively dry, it is best to spray water to the foliage and the surrounding environment, increasing the humidity of the surrounding air. After autumn, water should be watered to help plants survive the winter safely.
The lateral branches of the plant should be cut short in early spring every year, so that more new branches can germinate, and more flowers will be opened when the flowering period arrives. A month or so after the flowering period should be cut off in time, but try not to cut in the cold air, because after the pruning of flowers will sprout new branches, and the cold air will freeze the new branches, so that the flowers in the coming year sparse, affect the ornamental.
The requirements of the basin are not high, and it can be the mud basin, porcelain basin, purple sand basin. But it is best not to use the air permeability and drainage are not good plastic basins. And to replace the basin regularly, it is recommended that every year or every other year to replace the basin.
Spanish jasmine is usually propagated by cutting method, dividing method and layering method, but mainly by cutting method.
1. Cutting method; Spanish jasmine cuttings can propagate a large number of seedlings in a short period of time. In July to August, 15 ~ 20cm long branches with 2-3 buds are cut off and inserted into the seedbed obtuse. The bed temperature is maintained at 25 ~ 35℃, and the seedlings are often wet. Planting in early spring or late fall season. Row spacing according to 1m or so dug into the diameter of 40 ~ 50cm pit, each hole with 10 ~ 15kg of saprotic heat base fertilizer, each hole planted 2 ~ 3 or 3 ~ 4 plants for a cluster, filling soil practical, watering cultivation, and strengthening management.
2. Plant division method; Spanish Jasmine is more simple and easy to propagate, and it is generally suitable for a small amount of planting in ordinary families in winter and spring. During subdivision and propagation, select the string roots and budding seedlings around the mother plant, pry them out along the root, cut off the part above 10-50cm of the vine, and tie it tightly with plastic film to seal the top to form a new seedling, which can be directly used for planting. If the spring planting, the winter can now bud, the next year spring can be a large number of flowers.
3. Layering method; Mainly use umbrella layering propagation. Choose 4 ~ 5 years living plant, when winter pruning, choose the top of the strong, strong branches 4 ~ 5 years potential root, with branches extend to a certain length, the buried in the branches of the part, the second year autumn, layering growth after the new root, cut off contact with mother, for new plant survival after transplanting.
Because of Spanish jasmine’s strong fragrance, and has the effect of sterilization, so almost no pests and diseases.