Nerve Plant (Fittonia Albivenis) is a kind of foliage plant. The veins of Nerve Plant (Fittonia Albivenis) are white, just like white nets. Nerve Plant is originated in the Andes Mountains, Colombia, Peru and other regions of South America. It is a tropical Plants of the rain forest. The white veins of Nerve Plant are very obvious and they look very special.
How to Grow and Care for Nerve Plant (Fittonia Albivenis)
How to Choose and Prepare a Planting Site
This plant add a pretty decorative touch to any spot where you place it indoors. It looks pretty in hanging baskets, makes a nice table plant and also is the prefect choice for terrariums.
Grow this pink variegated variety of fittonia in plant pots that showcase the color of the leaves. I chose a neon green outer pot that highlights the under side of the leaves but it would also look really pretty in a bright pink pot.
How to Grow Nerve Plant (Fittonia Albivenis)
Steps for Nerve Plant (Fittonia Albivenis) Propagation with Seeds
Some varieties of Fittonia will produce flowers, but the primary reason for growing these plants is their delightful foliage. Whilst it is possible to grow new plants from seed, the delay when compared to growing from cuttings just doesn’t make the effort seem worthwhile. Also, you need to consider the fact that many of these plants are cultivars and new plants may not come true to form. In other words, the new seedlings may not produce all of the same characteristics that the parent plant offered.
Steps for Nerve Plant (Fittonia Albivenis) Propagation with Stem Cuttings
Take a careful look at the plant from which you intend to take cuttings.
You are looking for healthy shoots with plenty of vigorous growth.
Longer stems are preferable, as you will strip the bottom few leaves from the cutting.
With scissors or sharp pruners, snip off enough for your purposes but not so many as to leave the parent plant looking too denuded.
Remove the leaves from the bottom inch (2.5cm) of the stem.
In the case of cuttings with many leaves, remove excess leaves so that you are left with just one or two leaf pairs at the tip of the stem. This will reduce the risk of excess transpiration causing the cutting to wilt.
- Propagating Fittonia Plants In Soil
Prepare a number of small plant pots or seed trays for your cuttings. A general-purpose houseplant potting mix or combination of 2/3 peat with 1/3 perlite is a good option.
Pre-soak the potting mix so it is lightly moist.
Make small holes about half an inch deep for your cuttings in the potting mix with a pencil or skewer.
You may wish to dip the cuttings in rooting hormone. This can increase the propagation success rate but isn’t essential.
Gently insert each cutting into the potting mix and firm it around the base of the stem.
Cover each pot with a glass jar or plastic bag to create a highly humid environment. This will help reduce water loss and wilting and improve the chance of your plants rooting successfully.
Place your cuttings in a bright, warm location, out of direct sunlight.
Check your cuttings every few days to ensure the soil remains lightly moist.
If you see any mold developing on the soil surface or leaves, leave the plant open to the air to reduce the humidity level.
Your Fittonia will develop strong roots and start producing new foliage within about 4 weeks.
Steps for Nerve Plant (Fittonia Albivenis) Propagation with Leaf Cuttings
An individual leaf can be propagated in water or soil, but the success rate is lower than using a stem cutting. Make sure to cut the petiole where it meets the stem to make is easier to plant in soil or position when water propagating.
In the case of an individual leaf, you can simply hang it on the edge of a small glass container so that the stem is immersed in water. Alternatively, gently insert the cut end of the petiole into the soil and treat the same as a cutting planted in soil.
How to Care for Nerve Plant (Fittonia Albivenis)
As natives to rainforest ground floor, the Nerve plant is not used to direct sunlight. In the wild, these plants are covered by dense canopies and larger plants. Provide them with lots of bright indirect light, and they will thrive. They do tolerate lower light, too; however, they will lose some of the vibrant colors. If they do not get enough light they will become leggy as they stretch their stems and move the leaves towards the source of light.
This fact makes the Nerve plant highly sensitive to strong sunlight. This makes it a problem if your windows get a lot of direct afternoons sun.
A bit of morning sun will work wonders and help your plant grow well. Fittonias also react well to artificial grow lights and will still thrive well.
Although not too serious, Fittonias react negatively to too little sun. There have been reports that some variants can revert to becoming green or have paler colors if the amount of light is inadequate.
The Fittonia plant likes the same sort of soil as African violets. Purchase or create a light peat or coco coir based mixture that retains moisture well.
Your Fittonia loves water and to be consistently moist, but not soggy. Water thoroughly when the top 25% of soil is dry. If you let your Fittonia dry out too much, it will let you know with limp leaves. Not to worry! After a thorough watering, the leaves should soon perk up.
Temperature and Humidity
Nerve Plants love high, constant humidity and a high temperature. In fact, they can be pretty sensitive to it. They can be grown as a houseplant under the right conditions, but do much better in a sealed terrarium container.
During its growing season, feed plants weekly with a weak dose of liquid fertilizer formulated for tropical plants. A balanced 5-5-5 fertilizer diluted to half strength is a good formulation.
To promote the growth of dense, lush foliage, regularly prune your Mosaic Plant. The most important pruning tip for Fittonias is to pinch off the ends of growing stems. By pruning the plant like this, you avoid legginess and you obtain an attractive specimen.
Some people also advise removing flower spikes. Although Mosaic Plants produce flowers, these are discreet compared to their spectacular leaves that have colorful patterns. Pinching off the flowers encourages your Fittonia to focus on growing its sumptuous foliage.
But, if you want, you can allow your Nerve Plant to flower and enjoy its delicate bloomings.
Pests and Diseases
Many of the problems associated with Fittonia are the same ones that can affect other tropical houseplants:
Yellow leaves are the result of too much water.1 Use a pot with drainage holes to prevent soggy soil.
Leaf drop is usually the result of cold temperatures or drafts. Try to mimic the tropical conditions where this species naturally grows.
Dry, shriveled leaves usually indicate that the plants are not receiving enough humidity, or are receiving too much direct sun. Use a room humidifier in winter when humidity levels can drop significantly. Keep your nerve plant out of direct sunlight.
Insect problems include fungus gnats, mealy bugs, or aphids.3 Infestations should be treated immediately, and keep affected plants isolated to prevent the bugs from spreading to other indoor plants.
Varieties of Nerve Plant (Fittonia Albivenis) to Try in Your Garden
There are a wide variety of fittonia plant cultivars that provide a wonderful assortment of different sizes and leaf coloring patterns to choose from:
Black Star mosaic plants feature foliage that shows off the dark green color of the leaves with fewer deep red veins than there are on other fittonia varieties.
Frankie nerve plants are distinctive for their pretty pink leaves with dark green edges.
White Anne foliage has bold white veins that stand out against the dark green leaf color.
Juanita is a large-leaf fittonia variety with intricate bright red veining.
White Brocade is similar to Juanita, except that its large leaves have white veins.
Purple Vein is another large-leaf variety that’s light-lavender colored veins contrast beautifully against the dark green leaves.
Pink Angel is a compact fittonia variety with small, intensely pink leaves.
Ruby Red fittonia plants feature richly variegated foliage that's dark green with richly red colored veins.
Mini White nerve plants are small in size, featuring dainty green leaves with white veins.
Nerve Plant (Fittonia Albivenis) FAQ
Why is Fittonia called nerve plant?
The bright veins – which can be silver, white, light green, or pink – look like nerves running through the plant's dark green leaves. This unique appearance led to Fittonia’s common name of nerve plant. It's a gorgeous, tropical houseplant prized for its foliage.