Written by Maggie
Dec 23 2020
Aesculus is one of the most famous ornamental trees in the world. Aesculus is a great ornamental tree for leaf, flower and even fruit. The leaves are 5~7 per plant, which is also consistent with the setting of plant name. Aesculus grows at a moderate and slow rate. Aesculus is not difficult to propagate. How Aesculus breeds is the key, and water and fertilizer management is especially important.
Generally speaking, the most common method of Aesculus breeding is seed breeding. On the one hand, Aesculus seeds are easy to buy in the flower market. On the other hand, Aesculus can also collect seeds from the original plant itself. Seeds have a higher survival rate and are easier to farm.Sowing and reproduction usually begin in late March in the spring.
The seeds gathered by oneself are more secure. Healthy plants with tall and straight trunks and full fresh green leaves and fruits were selected as the mother plants. As long as the fruits were cracked, that was the best time for collection. The collected seeds, which are free from diseases, pests and damage, are stored in the soil by the wet accumulation method until sowing in the spring.
Since it is to be stored and grown in the soil, selection is particularly important.In addition to good air permeability and drainage, it is necessary to meet the requirements of neutral or slightly acidic. Sandy loam works well, but it is recommended to add fermented cow and horse manure to the mix to increase soil nutrients, and to sterilize the soil at high temperature or with pentachloronitrobenzene before the seeds are put into the soil.
After the seed is put into the soil, follow up the growth situation in time, there are weeds or worms, be sure to clean up in time. Seedling stage is generally in a month or so, after the emergence of seedlings can be a little easier, but still to ensure the moist culture environment. Try not to fertilize at seedling stage, use urea or phosphorus potassium solution to go. Do not use too much nutrient solution.
The seeds should be watered three times after seeding, at the beginning of seeding, one week after seeding and 20 days after seeding. At the end of these three times, the moisture of the soil can be basically stabilized, and then the soil can be watered thoroughly once a month. At the same time, pay attention to whether there is water in the soil, if there is, which should be timely drainage, so as not to rot roots.
In spring and summer, rain is more, especially the plum rain season. The precipitation is big, and we can not water at this time. But if water evaporates too quickly during periods of drought or high winds, water less and water more to keep the soil moist. In flowering and fruit-stage, do not touch the branches and leaves when watering. Watering should also be thorough, do not water half leave half.
Aesculus needs fertilizer to nourish. Fertilizer should be used throughout the growing period, except for the base fertilizer used when the plant is put into the soil. The kind choice of fertilizer is not flowery, general urea, phosphate potash fertilizer and decayed compound fertilizer. Take care not to contaminate the leaves with fertilizer and avoid excessive fertilizer concentration.