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Dischidia chinensis profile

Written by Maggie

Dec 01 2020

Dischidia chinensis profile

Dischidia chinensis is endemic to China. Dischidia chinensis, often attached to trees or rocks, fleshy leaves, ovoid elliptic, cymes axillary. Flowering period is April - May, fruiting May - June. Dischidia chinensis is distributed in Guangdong, Guangxi and Hong Kong in Mainland China, and grows at an elevation of 100 m to 600 m, mostly in valleys, trees, streams, moist miscellaneous woods or epiphytes in mountain areas.

Dischidia chinensis picture

Dischidia chinensis

Morphological characteristics of Dischidia chinensis

Dischidia chinensis is often clinging to trees or stones, the whole plant contains milk. The stem is fleshy, rooting at nodes, green, glabrous. Leaves are fleshy, ovate-elliptic, 1.55 -- 2.5 cm long, 1 cm wide, rounded at tip, without short cusp, base cuneate, petiole ca. 2 mm long.

Cymes are axillary, subsessile, tuberculate convex. Flowers are very small, calyx lobes ovoid, ca. 1 mm long and wide, ciliate. The corolla is yellow-white, ornate, corolla larynx compressed, thickened, sparsely villous, lobes triangular-ovate, obtuse, ca. 1 mm long and wide. Corolla lobes are anchelike, stipitate, apex 2-lobed, lobes linear, spreading and falling, with small rounded papillary projections between them. The pollen is mass oblong, erect, apex thickened. Follicles are cylindric, 5-8 cm long, 4mm in diam. Seeds are apex with white silky coat. Flowering period is  April - May, fruiting period May - June. 

Growth environment of Dischidia chinensis

Dischidia chinensis grows in moist woods, valleys and streams in mountainous areas, clinging to trees or epiphytes. 

Dischidia chinensis

The distribution range of Dischidia chinensis

Dischidia chinensis is found in Guangdong and Guangxi. 

Main value of Dischidia chinensis

The whole plant of Dischidia chinensis is used for medicinal purposes, and has the effect of clearing lung fever, reducing malaria, and cooling blood detoxification. It is folk for the treatment of dry cough blood, boils swelling and poison, infantile malnutrition, dysentery, beaten swollen pain, snake bite. It can also be used as an ornamental plant.

Dischidia chinensis