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Epipremnum Aureum (Golden Pothos) Growing & Propagation Guide

Written by Ivy

Dec 02 2021

Epipremnum Aureum (Golden Pothos) Growing & Propagation Guide
The existence of Epipremnum Aureum (Golden Pothos) can not only beautify the indoor environment and make the room more vibrant, but also the indoor maintenance of Epipremnum Aureum can also absorb dust and make the room cleaner. However, for Epipremnum Aureum, an indoor plant, some people say it's easy to raise, while others say it's hard to raise. Some people propagate Epipremnum Aureum, which always has yellow leaves, while others can climb all over the house. Let's take a look at how to properly care for Epipremnum Aureum.

Epipremnum Aureum Quick Info

Botanical/Scientific Name Epipremnum Aureum
Common Name Golden Pothos, Devil's Ivy
Uses Popular houseplant
Origin Solomon Islands
Light Care Medium light situation
Soil Care Well-drained soil
Temperature Care 60° to 80°F
Humidity Care Higher air humidity
Watering Watering only when the first quarter inch of soil begins to feel dry
Pruning Care Remove the bottom leaf to expose that node
Fertilizer Care General houseplant fertilizer
Propagation Cuttings
Toxic Toxic to both dogs and cats
Flower Color Cream/Off-White, Green

When to Plant Epipremnum Aureum

Epipremnum Aureum is best cultivated in spring or autumn. The environment is suitable, and the plant grows more vigorously, which can improve the survival rate. Epipremnum Aureum is planted between April to May and September to October. If it is cultivated in summer and the temperature is too high, no matter which method is used, it is easy to infect diseases and pests and reduce the survival rate. In addition, it is better not to plant Epipremnum Aureum in winter, because it is not cold resistant, and it is easy to frostbite the plant in winter, which is also unfavorable to the winter.
Epipremnum Aureum (Golden Pothos) Growing & Propagation Guide

Epipremnum Aureum Care in Detail

Epipremnum Aureum Watering

We can judge whether the Epipremnum Aureum basin needs watering by taking it up. If the weight is very light, we can directly water it. This is a very good judgment method. If we can't water it, we can insert a long Bamboo sign or a small wooden stick in the Epipremnum Aureum basin to the bottom of the basin soil, In this way, every time you want to water, pull out the bamboo stick or wooden stick in advance. There is no humidity and moisture at the bottom of the bamboo stick or wooden stick, which proves that the basin soil has been dry, so we can directly water Epipremnum Aureum. The simplest way is to dig the basin soil with our fingers for a distance. There is no humidity at the bottom. We can directly pour water into Epipremnum Aureum.

Epipremnum Aureum Soil

Epipremnum Aureum is a plant with thick leaves. It is produced in the tropics and likes a humid, warm and fertile environment. Therefore, the soil of Epipremnum Aureum needs to be loose, breathable and fertile. It is difficult for Epipremnum Aureum to survive in heavy sticky or water deficient soil. Common garden soil, rotten leaf soil and peat soil can be used to plant green pineapple. We can add perlite and cake fertilizer to peat soil, vermiculite, cake fertilizer and bone powder to garden soil. In addition, we can also use rotten leaf soil, perlite and bone powder.

Epipremnum Aureum Light

Theoretically, Epipremnum Aureum should be able to grow in an environment without light for a long time. However, it has been proved that the completely shading environment is conducive to the growth of Epipremnum Aureum. Over time, the problem of yellow leaves comes one after another. It seems that light is also very important when maintaining Epipremnum Aureum.
Epipremnum Aureum is really not suitable for breeding. Under direct light, it is still reluctantly in spring, and the outdoor light will not be very strong. Even if it is placed on the balcony for a long time, there will be no obvious problems with the plant. But the temperature is about to rise. As soon as summer comes, the outdoor ultraviolet ray is bound to rise to a level. If you still cultivate potted plants on the balcony, the leaves will be burned by strong light. Dry yellow leaves are small problems. If you are more strict, the plants may be directly dried to death.
Epipremnum Aureum can be regarded as a semi shade tolerant plant. Compared with the sunny environment, the plant can grow better under slightly shading conditions.

Epipremnum Aureum Temperature

The temperature suitable for the growth of Epipremnum Aureum is between 20 and 25 degrees, and the growth will be more vigorous. When the temperature exceeds 30 degrees in summer, we should move to a cool and ventilated place. We can often spray water, which can help Epipremnum Aureum cool down and avoid too high temperature. When the temperature drops to about 10 degrees in winter, it should be moved indoors. It is best to keep the indoor temperature at about 15 degrees.

Epipremnum Aureum Humidity

Epipremnum Aureum likes a humid environment. It is appropriate to keep the basin soil moist during the growing season. Do not dry the basin soil, otherwise it is easy to cause yellow leaves and poor plant shape. If too much watering causes ponding in the basin soil, it is easy to cause rotten roots and dead leaves, especially when the room temperature is low in winter.

Epipremnum Aureum Fertilizer

The use of nitrogen fertilizer alone will cause the branches and leaves of Epipremnum aureum to grow very long, light in color and malnutrition. If we want Epipremnum Aureum to grow well, we will try our best to use multi-element mixed fertilizer dominated by nitrogen and potassium, that is, the content of nitrogen and potassium is the highest, and the content of other elements is relatively low. Plants can absorb it, but the amount will be less, which will not affect the growth of plants. It will not cause diseases or poor growth due to the lack of other elements in plants.
When we buy fertilizer, the contents of various components are written on the outer package of the fertilizer. We can choose the fertilizer with the highest content of nitrogen and potassium, and the fertilizer containing other elements and trace elements is the most suitable for Epipremnum Aureum. In this way, the branches of green pineapple grow fast, and can grow thick, and the leaves are large and thick, and the color is also dark. This is the best fertilizer for raising Epipremnum Aureum. You can use it two to three times a month.
Epipremnum Aureum (Golden Pothos) Growing & Propagation Guide

Epipremnum Aureum Pruning

Epipremnum Aureum is relatively resistant to pruning. Short-cutting treatment is carried out in the peak growth season, which can reduce the excessive consumption of nutrients and promote the growth of other stems and vines. We can cut about 10 cm of the long branches and vines passing Epipremnum Aureum to ensure that about 8 ~ 10 cm of each sub stem is left, and the stems and vines affecting the beauty and airtight are cut from the base.

Epipremnum Aureum Repotting

As long as the temperature is appropriate, the plant grows all year round, so Epipremnum Aureum repotting does not need to consider time. However, it is best not to change the basin at noon in summer. You can change the basin in the evening. In this way, after changing the basin, it can be watered. After one night's slow seedling, it can be recovered soon. We shall suspend watering 1 ~ 2 days before Epipremnum Aureum repotting, so as to separate the basin soil from the basin wall. During Epipremnum Aureum repotting, the fibrous root flowers need to Shovel off a layer of old soil on the shoulder of the original soil lump and the surrounding outside, cut off the dead roots, curly roots and some old roots, fill the new culture soil in the large pot, and plant the flowers in it. The planting method is basically the same as the pot method. We can properly remove a part of the original soil lump, cut off some old withered roots and plant them in the No. 1 basin of the National People's Congress. Pay attention to adding new culture soil during Epipremnum Aureum repotting.

Epipremnum Aureum Pest & Disease Control

Anthrax

Anthrax is a common disease of Epipremnum Aureum. Anthrax occurs on the leaves of plants and initially appears as round or oval spots. In the later stage, the leaves dried up and perforated in a large area. If we find Epipremnum Aureum with initial symptoms, we can burn the dead branches and leaves in time to avoid infecting other plants. Keep a certain distance between plants and keep ventilation indoors.

Root rot

Root rot is the most common disease of Epipremnum Aureum, which is caused by fungi. The main symptoms were yellowing and wilting of leaves in a large area. So how to prevent and treat Epipremnum Aureum disease? First, choose the appropriate temperature, the most appropriate temperature is 15-25 ℃. Second, reasonable watering. Excessive watering will make the soil lack oxygen. When watering, you can't use dirty water. You should use clean purified water. If root rot occurs, we can put Epipremnum Aureum back into new soil.

Leaf spot

Epipremnum Aureum occurs under the condition of high humidity. The main symptom is small brown spots like water stains. This disease seriously affects the viewing of Epipremnum Aureum, and the main factor causing this disease is bacterial infection. So, how to prevent leaf spot disease? First of all, we can place Epipremnum Aureum in the middle pot rack for maintenance, so that Epipremnum Aureum can have a certain light intensity. If you have conditions, you can turn on the exhaust fan for dehumidification. When Epipremnum Aureum suffers from leaf spot disease, spray watering is prohibited and should not be watered as far as possible.
Epipremnum Aureum (Golden Pothos) Growing & Propagation Guide

Epipremnum Aureum Propagation

Epipremnum Aureum Propagation from Cutting

1. Cutting with branches of Epipremnum Aureum
We can use scissors to cut Epipremnum Aureum branches about 4-5cm long. The soil can be prepared by ourselves. We can mix rotten leaf soil, ceramsite and garden soil in the ratio of 3:1:2.
2. Cutting with Epipremnum Aureum leaves
However, the cutting method of Epipremnum Aureum has high requirements for soil and nutrients, otherwise it is not easy to take root. Before cutting in this way, we can cultivate it in water for a period of time, first let it grow its roots, and then transplant it into the Flower pot. In this way, the survival rate is guaranteed. To accelerate the rooting of Epipremnum Aureum, we can dip the branches with rooting powder and then cut.

Epipremnum Aureum Propagation in Water

The Epipremnum Aureum branches and stems put into the water shall not have leaves, otherwise the leaves will easily affect the water quality when soaked in the water. In addition, we can also select potted plants with better plant type, wash the soil on the root system, cut off the redundant old roots and put them into clean water, which is also easy to survive.
In the first few days of Epipremnum Aureum hydroponic culture, pay attention to changing the water. Change the water with the same room temperature once in two or three days, and then change the water once a week after the aquatic roots are produced. When new leaves grow, you can add nutrient solution every ten days or so, or spray some diluted nutrient solution water on the leaves, which can make the leaves green and shiny.
The roots of hydroponic Epipremnum Aureum should be cleaned and repaired frequently. If the roots are too long, they should be cut short in time to avoid nutrient loss. If the root system is rotten and sticky, it shall also be cleaned in time, the rotten root shall be cut off, soaked and disinfected with potassium permanganate solution, and then restored to maintenance. The water shall be changed once in two or three days before the restoration of maintenance, as at the beginning of hydroponic culture, and once in ten days after the full recovery of growth.

Epipremnum Aureum Benefits

Epipremnum Aureum has colorful leaves, evergreen in four seasons, long branches hanging and swaying. It is an excellent foliage plant. It is suitable for wall, wall and trunk greening. It can also be used as ground cover plants under the shade. Raising a pot of green pineapple indoors or outdoors and seeing its bright green can give people an aesthetic pleasure and make people feel comfortable. Therefore, its decorative role is very prominent.
According to the research of environmental protection experts, a basin of Epipremnum Aureum is equivalent to an air purifier in a room of 8 ~ 10 square meters. Epipremnum Aureum can absorb formaldehyde, benzene and trichloroethylene in the air, convert formaldehyde into harmless substances such as sugar or amino acids in metabolism, and decompose the benzene discharged from copiers and printers. It can be seen that Epipremnum Aureum is most suitable for the newly decorated new house.
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