Written by Maggie
Feb 19 2021
Carnation is a very good-looking flower plant. Carnation is often used as one of the family flowers, which is deeply loved by flower friends. Then how to grow and care for carnation? Let's look down together.
Soil is the activity site of plant roots. It is important when we grow and care for Carnation to create a loose and breathable environment with a certain water retention capacity. Carnation is a barbed-root type Flower whose roots grow well in loose, fertile, well-ventilated soil.
When we grow and care for carnation, it is better to choose sandy soil for planting Carnation. The soil with viscous weight and siltation is not conducive to the growth of Carnation, so it needs to be improved.
Carnation is a cold-loving plant. The optimum temperature for growth and development is 19 ~ 21℃, and the temperature difference between day and night should be kept within 10℃. When the daytime temperature is too high, undesirable phenomena such as small flowers, narrow leaves, and few branches will occur in Carnation. When we grow and care for carnation, the temperature between leaves should not be too high, otherwise, abnormal reactions such as weak stems, small flowers and good patterns will occur. If the temperature is higher than 35℃ in summer and lower than 9℃ in winter, the plant will grow slowly or grow poorly or even stop growing.
Carnation has a high requirement of light on the plants, so when we grow and care for carnation, there is no need to worry about the adverse effects of strong light on Carnation except in the seedling or flowering period. As a long-day plant, longer sunshine time will promote the differentiation of flower buds and lead to early flowering.
The auxiliary light can not only promote the internode growth, inhibit the growth of lateral branches, but also increase the diameter of the corolla and the brilliance of flower color.
Carnation is a shallow-rooted flower, planted to a depth of no more than 2 cm. After planting water, after the basin soil to see dry and then water. Carnation is not tolerant to moisture. In addition to the vigorous growth period, flowering period and midsummer, it is necessary to increase the amount of watering. When we grow and care for carnation, watering should not be too much and the soil moisture should be maintained. Note that the soil is too dry and wet when flowering.
Carnation is a shallow-rooted plant with roots in about 20cm of soil. Therefore, when we grow and care for carnation, sufficient basal fertilizer should be applied to the soil. Base fertilizer with barnyard manure, compost, bone meal and other organic fertilizers, improve the physical properties of the cultivated soil and enhance its fertility so that it becomes rich in humus, easy and fertile loam.
Carnation needs constant replenishment of fertilizer during its growing season. Topdressing is based on the principle of frequent application of thin fertilizer, with topdressing once every 25 to 30 days. Smaller pot plants, topdressing every 10 days or so. When we grow and care for carnation at the peak of plant growth, the Times of top dressing can be increased. Fertilizer can choose cake fertilizer water, chicken manure water can also choose the compound fertilizer.
Carnation is also a variety that can tolerate low temperatures. If the temperature is lower than 9℃, the growth of Carnation will be inhibited. Therefore, when we grow and care for carnation in winter, we need to control the environmental temperature of the maintenance Carnation. If the temperature is not well controlled, it is suggested to cover it with the membrane in winter, or directly send it to the greenhouse.
Carnation is a flowering plant that likes light, so we should let Carnation enjoy the light as much as possible in winter, because the intensity of light in winter itself is not big, so there is no need to worry about the influence of the burning sun on Carnation. When we grow and care for carnation, if there is no sun in the day, we can use a fluorescent lamp as a substitute, of course, it is not necessary to use it.
When we grow and care for Carnation in winter, we must control the amount of watering and do not let the water in the basin soil, otherwise, the root bubble in the water will rot the root. Of course, if the flower friends have conditions, you can also take the way of drip irrigation, so that it is not easy to irrigate too much.
When we grow and care for carnation, it can be fertilized every half a month in winter, and the choice of fertilizer is quite diverse. Some of our common thin urea water or ashes of burnt grass can provide nutrients to it. But fertilizer should not be too strong, light fertilizer on the line.
In winter, when the temperature is low, the diseases and insect pests in Carnation will be greatly reduced, but we had better do a good job of prevention and control. For example, the leaf spot that we are familiar with may appear in winter. When we grow and care for carnation, the fungicide should be used on Carnation every other week or half a month.