Barberton Daisy Care Guide - Grow & Propagation

Written by Ivy

Nov 11 2021

Barberton Daisy Care Guide - Grow & Propagation
Barberton Daisy has a very long flowering period. It blooms almost all the year round. It is the most vigorous in spring and autumn. Every flower of Barberton Daisy can last for more than half a month. Moreover, Barberton Daisy has strong viability. It is a plant growing for many years and is very easy to spend in summer. Barberton Daisy is passed down from Africa. It is not like some chrysanthemum plants, which are very easy to die in summer.

Barberton Daisy Quick Info

Botanical/Scientific Name Gerbera Jamesonii
Common Name Gerbera daisy
When to Grow/Bloom/Harvest Be Planted in the End of Winter/Bloom through Summer
Uses Discharging oxygen and absorbing carbon dioxide and other airborne toxins at night
Origin South America, Africa and Asia
Light Care Full direct sunlight
Soil Care Sandy soils
Temperature Care Between 70ºF and 75ºF
Humidity Care Moist
Watering Water in the morning
Pruning Care Prune the plant after the bloom starts
Fertilizer Care Micronutrient-rich plant fertilizer
Propagation Seed Propagation
Toxic Non-toxic

Barberton Daisy Care in Detail

Barberton Daisy Care Guide - Grow & Propagation

Barberton Daisy Watering

Barberton Daisy needs a lot of water in the growing season. It should be watered frequently and should not be short of water. It should be watered once every three or four days in summer and once a half month in winter. When pouring, just pour it on the soil surface. Don't pour it from top to bottom, especially during flowering, which is easy to cause flower bud rot. We should also pay attention not to ponding. If it is just on the basin, pour through the fixed root water. For the newly bought Barberton Daisy, we just need to keep the soil surface moist. We can't supply a lot of water, otherwise it can't be absorbed, and it's easy to accumulate water and rot roots.

Barberton Daisy Soil

When we propagate Gerbera, the soil with good drainage and air permeability can be mixed with peat soil and perlite for cultivation. In addition, barberton daisy soil also has requirements for pH value, preferably between 5.5-6.0, so that the plant can better absorb trace elements, which is beneficial to growth. In addition, we should also pay attention to the watering amount of Barberton Daisy soil, because it is very sensitive to water. Just keep the soil slightly wet. It must not accumulate water, otherwise it is easy to infect diseases.

Barberton Daisy Light

We should let Barberton Daisy contact the sun more, but it is rare. It is in a semi dormant state in summer, so in summer, we only need to irradiate Barberton daisy with the sun for two hours every day. The environment must be ventilated. Normally, we spend 6 hours in the sun every day, so Barberton Daisy can grow very bright. We should pay attention to avoid taking it to the sun when the sun's ultraviolet rays are too strong, which will damage the leaves of the plant.

Barberton Daisy Temperature

Barberton Daisy temperature is most suitable between 20 and 25 degrees, and its high temperature resistance and cold resistance are not high. Temperatures above 30 degrees in summer or below 5 degrees in winter will slow the growth of Barberton daisy. Therefore, temperature control measures should be taken in time. In summer, it can be covered properly in strong light to avoid high temperature, strengthen ventilation and spray more water. Move indoors in winter. In addition, we should also pay attention to the temperature difference. Excessive temperature difference is easy to produce abnormal flowers and affect viewing.

Barberton Daisy Humidity

Barberton Daisy is very sensitive to humidity, so it is necessary to ensure the correct time for watering, watering in the morning or evening, and making the plant relatively dry at night. When the plant starts to grow roots, it must be watered from the bottom, and the way of bottom infiltration can be adopted; During high temperature, water can be poured from above the plant, but pay attention to prevent fungal mildew from the center of the plant.

Barberton Daisy Fertilizer

Barberton Daisy prefers fertilizer. First, we use compound fertilizer as the base fertilizer before planting or in early autumn, and then apply rotten organic fertilizer or nitrogen fertilizer once a week in autumn. When the flowering period is approaching in late autumn, we can apply potassium fertilizer twice a week, or spray leaf fertilizer. After flowering, we should reduce fertilization once a month. If the temperature is high in summer, we should not fertilize Barberton daisy.
First of all, we need to apply some base fertilizer to the soil before planting Barberton daisy. Before the growth starts in the early autumn of each year, the base fertilizer should be a compound fertilizer with balanced nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium elements, or cake fertilizer. If it is an organic fertilizer, it must be completely decomposed, otherwise it is easy to burn roots.
Autumn is the vigorous growth period of Barberton daisy. How to fertilize non Barberton daisy in autumn? Fertilization in autumn is mainly applied to Hefei, but nitrogen fertilizer is the main fertilizer, supplemented by phosphorus and potassium fertilizer, which is applied once a month, which can effectively help Barberton Daisy grow rapidly, and then diluted fertilizer water can be applied once a week.

Barberton Daisy Pruning

When we are in Barberton Daisy pruning, we need to trim all the dry or rotten branches around us, and try to ensure the unity of the top and bottom. The lower leaves of Gerbera jamesonii's basal leaf cluster are easy to wither and age, so they should be removed in time. Barberton Daisy pruning is not only conducive to the germination of new leaves and flower buds, but also conducive to ventilation and enhance plant growth. In addition, if the plant branches and leaves are too lush to cover each other, some leaves can be removed appropriately.

Barberton Daisy Repotting

Before Barberton Daisy repotting, we can draw a circle with iron nails (as deep as possible) on the soil on the basin wall close to the flower pot to facilitate the overall emergence of the plant. The detached soil ball shows that the root system is developed and has been covered around the basin wall, and the nutrients originally in the basin soil have been almost absorbed by the plants. After the plant is taken out, we can gently crush the soil ball and slowly and completely peel off the old soil ball from the root system; It can also be washed with water to make all the roots come out; Then carefully look at the state of the root and remove the old root and bad root. Then we can also cut off the horizontal branches, weak branches and overlapping branches in Barberton daisy. The functions of pruning branches are as follows: first, reduce the transpiration of leaves to facilitate the recovery of plant roots as soon as possible; Second, the plant has grown for many years, and the crown also needs to be trimmed. If Barberton Daisy repotting is carried out directly without pruning the branches, the plants may have fallen leaves to adapt to the damaged root system (or do not germinate new branches for a long time).

Barberton Daisy Pest & Disease Control

This Barberton Daisy disease, also known as rhizome rot, once it occurs, it will cause serious harm. This Barberton Daisy disease often causes the death of the whole plant, even the whole shed, and brings serious economic losses to the operators. A disease on the leaves of Barberton Daisy caused by a ascomycete. Gerbera powdery mildewmainly occurs on the leaves of Barberton daisy. The disease of Barberton Daisy is characterized by small white mildew spots. When we find these Barberton Daisy diseases, we can spray 0.5% antitoxin No. 1 aqueous solution 300 times or 5% bacterial toxic water agent 400-500 times, 2-3 times every 7-10 days.

Barberton Daisy Propagation

Barberton Daisy Care Guide - Grow & Propagation

Barberton Daisy Propagation from Cutting

The most suitable Barberton Daisy propagation from cutting is around April in spring, because this is the vigorous growth period of Barberton Daisy, and its natural conditions (light, temperature, etc.) are very conducive to rooting and growth of cuttings. Cutting at this time can improve the success rate of cutting. First, we can select a robust Barberton Daisy mother plant, clean up the mud at the root after removing the pot, cut off the thick part of the rhizome, then remove the leaves and cut off the growth point, just keep the rhizome, plant it in the planting box with peat soil, control the temperature at 22 ℃ and the humidity at about 70%, After half a month, the rhizome will grow bud strips. When the bud strips grow 5 leaves, they can be cut off and inserted into the sand bed. After Barberton Daisy cutting propagation, the temperature was controlled at 25 ℃ and the humidity was about 80%. Basically, new root germination can be seen in less than a month.

Barberton Daisy Propagation from Division

For this plant, the most suitable time for Barberton Daisy propagation from division is around April in spring. At this time, the temperature is relatively appropriate, and the humidity in the air is also very conducive to the growth of tillering buds. Selecting this period for rametting can greatly improve the success rate of rametting. It should be noted that during Barberton day Division promotion, try to avoid cloudy and rainy weather and choose sunny and mild weather, so as to prevent plants from being infected with bacteria after being washed by rain.
For healthy Barberton Daisy, several tiller buds will grow in a year. If it is not planted separately, the plant growth space will be too small and many flowers will bloom at the same time, which is bound to consume a lot of nutrients, and the nutrient content in the basin soil has certain limitations, which will weaken the growth of the plant and lead to poor growth A series of situations such as poor flowering.
Through Barberton Daisy division propagation, we can plant the daughter plant and mother plant separately, which can not only realize the effect of changing one pot into multiple pots, but also increase their respective growth space, and allow the root system to absorb enough nutrients, which is very conducive to plant growth and flowering.
In the first step of Barberton Daisy division propagation, we can separate the mother plant from the basin soil, and properly trim it, cut off some leaves, old roots and decayed roots, and cut off part of the tip of the root to promote the germination of fibrous roots. Cut the mother plant into four seedlings, each with roots, buds and three leaves, apply plant ash to the cut wound, and take corresponding disinfection and sterilization measures. Then carefully plant the two seedlings into the basin soil as a group. The planting depth should not be too deep. Ensure that the roots and buds of the children are exposed to the soil surface, and put them in a ventilated place for maintenance after planting.

Barberton Daisy Propagation from Seeds

When barberton daisy seeds are planted determines the survival rate, so the sowing time is very important. Generally, the best time is sowing in spring and autumn. Seeds are easy to germinate and increase the survival rate. If Barberton Daisy singing promotion is carried out in spring, we can choose February to may, and if it is in autumn, we can plant it in October to November.
Potted Barberton Daisy should be soaked in water for 3 hours before sowing, which can not only shorten the seed dormancy time, but also pick out the full and complete seeds. After that, an appropriate amount of potassium permanganate solution can be added for soaking, which can play the role of disinfection and sterilization. It can be planted after soaking for half an hour.
We can prepare rotten leaf soil, peat and perlite in the ratio of 5:3:3 for Barberton Daisy singing promotion. The prepared soil has more nutrients and high porosity, which is conducive to the growth of Barberton daisy. After preparation, it can be exposed to the sun for disinfection.
We can sow the seeds of Barberton Daisy into the prepared nutrient soil, cover a small amount of soil, and the thickness can be about 1cm. If the soil is wet, we don't need to water, otherwise we need to water until it is wet. After that, we can place them in a dark and cool environment for maintenance, and the seeds will germinate in a week.

Barberton Daisy Colors

Barberton Daisy's designs and colors are red, white, yellow, orange and purple respectively. Barberton Daisy can also be divided into single, semi double and double petals according to petals, or into red, yellow, pink, orange and white series according to color.

Barberton Daisy Benefits

Of course, Barberton Daisy's greatest function is to decorate the room ~ it has tall and straight branches, gorgeous color and huge flowers. After it is made into cut flowers, it can live more than ten days in the water. Moreover, Barberton Daisy has strong adaptability and can quickly adapt to different environments. In addition, Barberton Daisy is of high quality and low price. Buying a large bunch is not worth the price of one or two flowers. It is really the first choice for decorating the room. Barberton Daisy can decorate the bedroom and living room, decorate the desk and window, and make different combinations according to the principles of environmental psychology. Pink Barberton Daisy is suitable for matching Dendrobium, orchid leaves and silk Dendrobium. It is elegant, noble and interesting. The red Barberton Daisy is suitable to partner with kidney fern and brown bamboo leaves. It is hung on the wall and has a very good decorative effect. White flowers symbolize modesty and elegance. They have a real and comfortable beauty. If they are arranged in the elder's home, they can make the room more relaxed and lively.
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