Interested in Growing and caring for Jasmine Plant? Here is Information for growing and caring for Arabian jasmine. Arabian jasmine, also called jasmine sambac, is a plant native to Asia, where trade made it popular in Arabia and Persia. Through breeding, several different types of jasmine have been produced, also known by several different names. Arabian jasmine is commonly used in perfumes and teas. It can be a garden or houseplant. It is usually grown as a medium-sized shrub, and it will grow as a vine carefully.
Arabian Jasmine Quick Info
Arabian jasmine is an upright or climbing shrub, reaching a height of 3 m. Branchlets are terete or slightly compressed, sometimes hollow, sparsely pilose. Arabian jasmine is a terminal cyme, usually with 3 flowers, sometimes as many as 5 single flowers. The white flowers are very fragrant, so it is commonly used in perfumes and teas.
||Arabian Jasmine, Mohle Flower, White-Flowered Indian Jasmine, Zambac, Sampa Gita
||Climbers, Shrubs, Evergreen
||Full sun to partial shade. Full sun is best for flowering.
||Loam, moist but well-drained soil
||White, pink flower
||Container flower, used in perfumes, teas and medicines
Where to Grow Arabian Jasmine
Choosing the right pots is just as important as every other step in the process.
Arabian jasmine plants prefer mild moisture, so it is recommended to buy earthen pots that are just the right size.
If planting them on the ground, make sure to plow the land well and place the plants about 75 centimeters apart, in rows spaced 1 meter apart.
When to Grow Arabian Jasmine
The most appropriate time for the plantation of arabian jasmine
is during the monsoons/rainy season. The plants’ first proper flowering season is observed after around a year of planting.
The flowering period ranges between April to May, and from August to November. However, if provided with the best conditions, these plants flourish and bloom throughout the year.
How to Propagate Arabian JasmineArabian Jasmine plants
can be grown by vegetative propagation methods, which generally include cutting and ground layering.
Arabian Jasmine Cutting Propagation
Start by making cuttings of stem tips from a healthy plant.
Start cutting directly below a leaf and make them 20 to 25 centimeters long, with 3-4 eyes.
Strip the leaves at the bottom of the cuttings and use rooting hormones.
Place the cuttings in a planter and cover them with a plastic bag to retain moisture.
Keep the planter out of direct sunlight.
After about a month, the roots will develop and the cuttings will be ready for transplantation. Next, depending on the roots, you can either plant them in potting soil or directly into land.
Arabian Jasmine Layering Propagation
Make a 1.25 – 1.75 centimeters cut through the stem, about 7 – 12 centimeters from the tip.
Dig a shallow hole in the ground.
Bend the branch so that the cut portion is well into the soil.
Cover it with soil, making sure that the remaining stem is above the soil. Bend the tip into a vertical position with the help of a landscaping pin or brick.
Keep the cut open with a toothpick or a small pebble. Use a rooting hormone, if required.
Keep the area moist.
Once roots develop, cut the new branch and transplant it in a pot or land, as desired. Learn more about the technique here.
Arabian Jasmine Tissue Culture Propagation
The above two methods, based on the principle of vegetative propagation, have certain limitations. Firstly, overuse of these methods has led to several genetic disorders in plants, like varietal degeneration, acquired resistance against these methods, formation of weak stems/roots, and decreased flowering.
Secondly, layering requires long periods of time and depends heavily on the season.
Therefore, in recent years, tissue culture techniques have been developed for the propagation of plants that have lost the ability to bear seeds.
The process includes collecting vegetative parts like shoots, roots, leaves, etc. from mature plants and then treating them with plant growth hormones in sterile mediums. This results in the formation of a large number of identical seedlings.
Arabian Jasmine Seed PropagationArabian Jasmine
is originally a non-seed bearing plant. However, depending on the genotype and surrounding environment, seed setting and seed germination can be seen, albeit rarely.
The following are the required steps to cultivate Arabian Jasmine through seeds:
Start the germination process of jasmine seeds indoors about 3 months prior to your outdoor planting date.
Soak the seeds in water for 24 hours before planting.
Add seed starting mix to six containers, and soak the soil completely. Allow it to drain before planting, then plant one seed in each cell.
Cover the containers with plastic to retain moisture and place them in direct sunlight.
Keep the soil moist while the seedlings sprout.
Transplant each seedling into a gallon-sized planter, once all of them grow two pairs of true leaves.
Keep these plants indoors for at least one month after this, or grow your Arabian jasmine as a houseplant during the first year before transplanting them outdoors.
How to Care for Arabian Jasmine
Arabian Jasmine (Jasmine sambac) prefers warm and moist, and grows best in a well-ventilated, semi-cloudy environment. Soil with a lot of humus in the slightly acidic sandy soil is the most suitable. Most varieties of Arabian Jasmine are cold and drought-tolerant, and are not tolerant to frost, wet waterlogging and alkaline soil. When the temperature is lower than 3℃ in winter, branches and leaves are vulnerable to freezing damage, and they will die if they last for a long time. Deciduous lianas, on the other hand, are hardy to cold and drought.
Arabian Jasmine Lighting Requirements
Full to partial sun is needed for healthy Arabian jasmine plants. At least 6 to 8 hours of sunlight per day is ideal. If kept indoors during the winter, be sure to place this plant in a very sunny window.
Arabian Jasmine Soil Care
Loose, loamy, humusy soil is preferred by this flowering shrub. It likes an evenly moist, well-draining soil medium. Adding compost will help loosen, enrich, and moisten the soil.
Arabian Jasmine WateringWatering Arabian jasmine
plants is necessary in the flowering season. Other than that, these plants are irrigated only if the soil moisture is inadequate. These plants cannot stand waterlogging and would be damaged in excess of water. Hence, they are watered moderately. After the flowering season is over, the watering is stopped.
Arabian Jasmine Temperature & Humidity Care
Arabian jasmine thrives in warm, tropical climates from USDA hardiness zones 9 to 12. They are very susceptible to frost and cannot handle cold temperatures. Because they are tropical plants, Arabian jasmine needs moderate to high humidity levels.
Arabian Jasmine Fertilizer CareArabian jasmine
plants require 15-30 kilograms of Farm Yard Manure (FYM), 60-120 grams of Nitrogen content, 120-240 grams of Phosphorus content, and 120-240 grams of Potassium content per year, which should be given in 3 to 4 split doses. After manuring, watering is resumed.
Arabian Jasmine Pests & Diseases Care
Though arabian jasmine plants
show resistance to most pests and mites, sometimes they are harmed by certain pests.
Bud worms: Small green caterpillars feed on the plant leaves and the flower petals. This results in loss of vegetation, fading of color, or ruining of the flower buds due to excreta.
Midges: Certain insects like mosquitoes and house flies lay eggs at the base of flower buds. The maggots enter the buds and feed from within, resulting in the wilting of buds.
Leaf thrips: These are seen in large numbers on the lower surface of the leaves and feed on the leaf sap and lamina. The leaves, as a result, become leathery, yellowish, and may dry off.
Stem borer: Larvae of some insects bore into the stem. This results in damaging and drying off of the affected stems, and eventually the whole branch.
Varieties of Arabian Jasmine
- Common jasmine (Jasminum officinale)
The common Jasmine is a vining shrub that has a very fragrant smell that is appealing. It produces clusters of three to five white flowers from late summer to early fall. The plant can grow to be 15 feet tall, and it will do best in full-sun conditions. This fast-growing vine is easy to control.
The showy jasmine is a plant that has faint yellow blooms. It is a fast-growing shrub that can grow to be four feet tall. The blooms can be seen during the spring and the summer months, and they are often seen in zones seven to nine. Full sun is preferred for optimal growth.
Spanish jasmine, which is more commonly called royal jasmine, is a quick-growing plant that can reach heights of 15 feet or more when it is mature. The plant blooms from midsummer until the middle of fall, and it can be seen in zones seven to 10. It needs full sun to grow at least for a few hours a day.
is actually the national flower of the Philippines. It is a vine-like plant that can grow to be 10 feet. It does well in full to partial sun, and the plant only blooms for 24 hours. This is the type of jasmine that is used to make tea; the flowers are also used to make leis.
Arabian Jasmine BenefitsArabian Jasmine
is one of the most popular flowers
with light fragrance floating everywhere, which is very pleasant. It is not toxic and is suitable to grow as house plants. Many popular flowers have positive benefits, and Arabian Jasmine is no exception.
Evergreen small Arabian Jasmine shrubs are green, white in color and strong in fragrance. It is a common garden and potted ornamental fragrant flower. Arabian Jasmine can be processed into garlands and other decorations
Most of the yellow and fragrant white arabian jasmine
flowers are one of the best deciduous vines to decorate winter gardens.
Economic ValuesArabian Jasmine flower
can extract jasmine oil, which is the essence raw materials. Arabian Jasmine can also replace rose dew as a fumigating tea spice production.
Jasmine's fragrance has also made a huge contribution to the synthetic fragrance industry: hundreds of floral fragrances have been discovered from jasmine's aroma components or chemists have created them by mimicking jasmine's fragrance, the most "colorful" of all floral fragrances. Many valuable new spices were first found in Arabian Jasmine oil.
Arabian Jasmine tea has the function of dispelling cold evil and assisting depression, and is the top quality tea in spring. Tea contains a lot of healthy compounds, such as catechin, vitamin C, A, caffeine, flavanols, tea polyphenols, and jasmine tea also contains a large number of aromatic oil, geraniol, orange zanthol alcohol, syringyl ester and other more than 20 compounds.
According to the unique adsorption properties of tea leaves and the spouting characteristics of Arabian Jasmine, jasmine tea is processed through a series of technological processes, which not only keeps the strong and refreshing taste of green tea, but also contains the fresh fragrance of Arabian Jasmine.
Medical UsesArabian Jasmine flowers
, leaves and roots can be used for medicinal purposes. Generally, dig the roots after autumn, slice them and dry them in the sun. Pick flowers in summer and autumn and dry them.