Written by Maggie
Dec 14 2020
White-fleshed Pitahaya is native to the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the Americas, and is often cultivated in other tropical and sub-tropical regions.China guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian, Hainan and other provinces have natural distribution.White-fleshed Pitahaya has large, fragrant flowers that can be used as vegetables.It is suitable for gardening, potted, or as a hedge plant.The berries are edible and the trade name is "Pitaya".
White-fleshed Pitahaya is a fleshy climbing shrub, 3-15 m long, with gas roots. Branches are numerous, extending, with 3 angles or edges, 0.2-0.5 m long, 3-8 (-12) cm wide, edges usually wing-like, margin undulate or crenellate, dark green to pale blue-green, glabrous, and older branches usually losicallosicallosslosar, hazel, bone;The nests are arranged along the edges, 3-5 cm apart, about 2 mm in diameter;Each nest has 1-3 spreading hard thorns;Prickly, tapered, 2-5 (-10) mm long, taupe to black.
Flowers are funnelform, 25-30 cm long, 15-25 cm in diameter, open at night;Receptacle and receptacle tube densely grayish green or yellowish green scales, ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, 2-5 cm long, 0.7-1 cm wide;Perianth calyx is yellowish green, linear to linear-lanceolate, 10 -- 15 cm long, 0.3 -- 0.7 cm wide, apex acuminate, with short cusp, margin entire, usually inversely curved;Tepals are white, oblong-oblanceolate, 12 -- 15 cm long, 4 -- 5.5 cm wide, apex acute, 1-awned, margin entire or gnawed, spreading;Filaments are yellow-white, 5-7.5 cm long;Anthers are 4.5 to 5 mm long, pale yellow;Style yellow-white, 17.5-20 cm long, 6-7 in diameter.5 mm;Stigma 20-24, linear, 3-3.3 mm long, apex acuminate, spreading, yellow-white.Flowers can be used as vegetables, also known as "Concubine flowers".
The berry is red, long spherical, 7-12 cm long, 5-10 cm in diam., small umbilicus, white flesh.Seeds obovate, 2 mm long, 1 mm wide, 0.8 mm thick, black, small navel, edible berry, trade name "pitaya".Flowering period: July to December.
White-Fleshed Pitahaya is distributed from Central America to northern South America, widely cultivated all over the world, wild in Hawaii, eastern Australia;Introduced in China in 1645, it is commonly cultivated in fujian (south), Guangdong (south), Hainan, Taiwan and Guangxi (southwest), and is wild. It climbs on tree trunks, rocks and walls by means of air roots, and is 3-300 meters above sea level.
White-fleshed Pitahaya prefers warm, moist, less sunny growing conditions.It is suitable for sandy loam rich in humus and with good permeability. It is not suitable for soil with heavy adhesion and poor soil-water.A measuring stick does not bear cold.In the warm areas of southern China.You can plant it in the open.In the cold and cool areas of north China.You should keep warm in winter to survive the winter safely.Under the condition of keeping the soil relatively dry, it can withstand low temperature of 4-8℃.
White-fleshed Pitahaya uses cuttings for reproduction.- Generally, the flowering quantity is large, and the single branch stems with large flowers reproduce.From the selected plants, cut a 30 cm long stem segment, placed in a cool place for about a week, after the wound healing can be cut all year round.But spring is best.Before planting, dig a planting pit with a diameter of 30 cm and a depth of 3x4 meters according to the row spacing of plants.Each pit applies right amount of wet pig, cow dung, grass ash or phosphate fertilizer 0.25 kg, organic matter 3 qiao kilograms after mix for base fertilizer.Mix the base fertilizer with the soil thoroughly and fill the soil back to the pit to make a mound about 20 cm above the ground.When planting, avoid direct contact with the soil on the section of the stem and place it diagrammatically on a medium made of crushed stone, wood chips, bagasse or straw mixed with organic fibers.Each pit puts the gravel block, the organic matter fiber material medium each 1-2.5 kilograms.When planting, 2-3 branches are evenly distributed in each pit.
The white-fleshed pitahaya body is full of treasures, and its stems have the function of relaxing tendons, activating collaterals and detoxifying.External use can treat fracture, parotitis, sore and swollen.Flower has the effect of clear fire, embellish lung, stop cough, have the effect of auxiliary treatment to tuberculosis, bronchitis, lymphatic tuberculosis.
White-fleshed Pitahaya flowers can be fresh, stir-fried and cooked in soup as food. The sun-dried flowers can also be used as tea for drinking water.Edible berries, commercial name is "white-Fleshed Pitahaya".
The white-fleshed Pitahaya plant is tall in shape.The flowers are large and fresh. They are often planted under walls and beside rocks in parks and botanical gardens in southern China.They were allowed to adsorb and grow.Natural beauty adds color to the landscape.