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Haworthia fasciata (Zebra plant) Profile

Written by Iris

Aug 27 2021

Haworthia fasciata (Zebra plant) Profile
Haworthia fasciata (Zebra plant) is a low-growing succulent that can reach 4-8 inches in height. This abundant sucking plant forms a proliferating rosette from the base. Haworthia fasciata (Zebra plant) is usually a slow-growing succulent that can last a lifetime. Haworthia fasciata (Zebra plant) comes in clumps, so it pairs well with other succulents in the same container.

Haworthia fasciata (Zebra plant) Picture

 Haworthia fasciata

Haworthia fasciata (Zebra plant) Info

Botanical Name Haworthia fasciata
Hardiness: Tender to frost, grow indoors unless in a frost free climate. Prefer dry conditions.
Active Growing Seasons: Grows more in the Spring and Fall during milder temperatures.
Dormancy: Can enter dormancy in response to high temperatures consistently more then 80°F and require less water.
Preferred Temperature Range: 55°F-80°F (13°C-27°C)
Feeding: Feeding during the active growing months in the Spring and the Fall is optimal for care.
Size at Maturity: grow slowly to a compact size of around 6 inches (15 cm) in height and width.
 

Ecological Habits of Haworthia fasciata (Zebra plant)

This South African succulent stands out for its erect, multifarious leaves having streaks of white tubercles on the green outer surface which gives it the Zebra effect. When stressed (mainly due to long hours in the hot sun), the tip of the leaves may turn red. Haworthia fasciata has a miniature leafy stem that appears to be almost invisible. Due to its slow-growing nature, the Zebra Haworthia rarely blooms especially when planted indoors. When it does, blooms appear in summer characterized by tiny, tubular pink or white flowers on an inflorescence (a thin tall stem).

Haworthia fasciata (Zebra plant) Distribution Area

Haworthia Fasciata or the Zebra plant, is native to the Eastern Cape of South Africa. Haworthia fasciata always get the good ones.It was introduced to Europe in 1600 by a group of adventurous collectors and is now a popular household beauty around the world.
Haworthia fasciata

How to Grow and Care for Haworthia fasciata (Zebra plant)

How to Grow Haworthia fasciata (Zebra plant)

Propagating Haworthia fasciata (Zebra plant) is pretty simple and can be done using offsets or stem cuttings. However, most prefer doing it through offset as it is easier compared to using stem cuttings.
  • With Cuttings
Now, if you want to try doing it using Haworthia fasciata (Zebra plant) stem cuttings, all you have to do is to get a healthy one with at least 4 to 6-inches in length. Allow your cuttings to dry out, then place it in a mix of perlite and moist peat. Make sure to cover your cuttings in plastic to retain moisture, and place it in a spot where the temperature is between 70 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit and under indirect sunlight. After about 3-4 weeks, your cuttings should already have grown new pups.
  • With Offsets
When you repot your Haworthia fasciata you can separate the offsets from the parent. Use a sharp knife and cut as close to the parent plant as possible, ensure the offset has some roots. Sometimes a knife isn't even needed as the offset will be loose like a wobbly tooth and just come away naturally with a small tug. Just don't be too aggressive. Wait a day for the offset to dry slightly this reduces the chances of the raw “wound” from rotting when added to compost. Then pot up in a small container using a standard potting or cactus compost mix. Water and keep warm.
Haworthia fasciata

How to Care for Haworthia fasciata (Zebra plant)

  • Light
Placing your Haworthia fasciata (Zebra plant) somewhere where it can receive plenty of indirect sun or bright light is best. If you notice that the leaves are beginning to turn red and curl up, this could be a sign of either too much sun or not enough water. White or yellow leaves are also an indication of too much sun.
  • Soil
Haworthia fasciata succulents grow in gritty well draining soils in their native South Africa and to grow zebra succulents successfully indoors it is important to emulate these soil conditions. Ideally, plant your Haworthia fasciata succulent in specially formulated succulent and cacti soil with is prepared to mimic the soil characteristics of the plants native soil conditions with a large particle size and a well draining porous structure.
  • Water
Like most succulents, Haworthia fasciata (Zebra plant) like to be watered thoroughly but the roots must be allowed to dry out. Haworthia fasciata can usually survive off being watered once a fortnight. In winter it's important not to over water your Haworthia fasciata – they will need much less in the colder weather. Just avoid getting the leaves wet because they are prone to rot.
  • Temperature and Humidity
A temperature range of between approximately 55°F-80°F (13°C-27°C) is best for growing Haworthia fasciata. If the temperature exceeds this range then the Haworthia fasciata plant turns dormant to retain moisture. If it is colder then the optimal range the Haworthia fasciata plant can tolerate some cold occasionally but is likely to die back in frost.
  • Fertilizer
Haworthia fasciata succulents are adapted to growing in gritty, sandy soils which tend to be low in nutrients, so they do not require as much fertilizer as other house plants. However fertilizer can be used in the growing months, particularly in the Spring and Fall typically once per month for healthy growth.
  • Pruning
It's not necessary to prune Haworthia fasciata (Zebra plant). The Haworthia fasciata succulent doesn't grow fast, and like many aloes, cacti, and other succulent plants, pruning doesn't affect growth. The only time you need to trim leaves is if Haworthia fasciata die or you want to propagate from leaf cuttings.
Haworthia fasciata

Uses of Haworthia fasciata (Zebra plant)

Haworthia fasciata plants make excellent additions to desert dish-gardens. Display these window sill succulents in small pots. It is another way to appreciate the beautiful foliage of this extraordinary plant.

Varieties of Haworthia

There are more than 100 species of Haworthia, but their classification can be complex. The main difference among the common species is the size of the leaves and the orientation of the white markings on the leaves. In general, the best advice is to buy the most attractive variety to you based on leaf form and markings, as they all have similar cultural requirements. Some popular species include:
Haworthia margaritifera has warty white projections on the leaves.
Haworthia fasciata features horizontal white stripes and is sometimes called the zebra Haworthia.
Haworthia bolusii has "tufted" edges to the leaves.
Haworthia attenuata features long pointed green leaves.
Haworthia fasciata

Haworthia fasciata (Zebra plant) Common Pests/Diseases

Fortunately, Haworthia fasciata does not suffer from many pest invasions. Spider mites and mealybugs are the most common insects that occasionally plague it. Nothing too unordinary. These scale bugs stick to the leaves, robbing the Haworthia fasciata plant of the essential nutrients. If the Haworthia fasciata (Zebra plant) is attacked, the easiest way to handle this problem is to spray the affected plant using a good-quality pesticide.

Haworthia fasciata (Zebra plant) Companion Plants

Haworthias species are small succulent plants closely related to Aloe, Gasteria, Kniphofia, Poellnitzia and Astroloba species.