Common Hollyhock Profile

Written by Maggie

Oct 30 2021

Common Hollyhock Profile

Common Hollyhock, scientific name Alcea rosea, flowers are often grown as ornamental flowers, and the word for them is dream. Common Hollyhock flower is a biennial upright herb that grows up to 2 meters. Its leaves are round and heart-shaped, and the flowers have a variety of colors, which are of certain ornamental value.

Common Hollyhock picture

Common Hollyhock

Morphological characteristics of Common Hollyhock


Common Hollyhock (Alcea rosea) is a biennial erect herb, up to 2 m tall, with densely spiny stems and branches.


Leaves are suborbicular, 6-16 cm in diam., palmately 5-7 lobed or undulate, lobes triangular or rounded, lobes ca. 3 cm long and 4 -- 6 cm wide, sparsely stellate pubescent above, scabrous, stellate bristles or villi below; The petiole is 5-15 cm long, stellate hirsute; Stipules are ovate, ca. 8 mm long, apex 3-pointed.


Flowers of common hollyhock (Alcea rosea) are axillary, solitary or nearly fascicled, arranged in racemes, with leaflike bracts, pedicels ca.5 mm long, elongated to 1 -- 2.5 cm in fruit, stellate bristles; Bracteoles are cup-shaped, often 6-7-lobed, lobes ovate-lanceolate, 10 mm long, densely stellate bristles, base connate; The calyx is campanulate, 2-3 cm in diam., 5-dentate lobes ovate-triangular, 1.2-1.5 cm long, densely stellate bristles; Flowers are large, 6-10 cm in diameter, red, purple, white, pink, yellow, and black-purple, single or double, petals ovate-triangular, ca. 4 cm long, apex concave, base narrow, paws bearded; Stamens are glabrous, ca. 2 cm long, filaments slender, ca. 2 mm long, anthers yellow; The style is branched numerous, puberulent.

Common Hollyhock flower season: February - August.


Common Hollyhock (Alcea rosea) compoid, ca. is 2 cm in diam., pubescent, mericarps suborbicular, numerous, back up to 1 mm thick, longitudinally slotted.

Common Hollyhock's ecological habits

Common Hollyhock (Alcea rosea) likes full sunshine, tolerates semi-shade, but avoids waterlogging. Common Hollyhock has strong salt and alkali resistance, and can still grow in the soil containing 0.6% salt. Common Hollyhock is cold resistant, in North China can be safe overwintering in the open air. Common Hollyhock grows well in loose, fertile, well drained, sandy soils rich in organic matter.

Common Hollyhock

Common Hollyhock's value

Ornamental value. Common Hollyhock (Alcea rosea), with large leaves, numerous flowers, brilliant colors and long flowering period, is a Common flower cultivated in gardens. Common Hollyhock is suitable for planting next to buildings, rockery or embellishment of flower beds, lawns, row or cluster planting. Short varieties can be potted flower cultivation, displayed in front of the door, not long indoors. It can also be cut and used as cut flowers, for bottle placement or as flower baskets and bouquets.

2. Medicinal value. Common Hollyhock's roots, stems, leaves, flowers and seeds are medicinal materials. They clear heat and detoxify. They are taken internally to treat constipation, poison of puffer fish, diuresis and dysentery.For external use in curing sores, scald, etc.

3. Other values. Common Hollyhock (Alcea rosea) roots contain sugars and alcohols. Flowers contain anthocyanins, red pigments, glucose, and Common hollyhock. Seeds containing fat oil, oil in the unsaturated free drink 34.88%. The stem can be used as woven fiber material, and the anthocyanin extracted from the flower can be used as a coloring agent for food.

Common Hollyhock flower language

If you want to give flowers to your lover or girlfriend to praise her gentle personality, good wife and good mother. Then, consider the Common Hollyhock, which represents a mild floral message. Common Hollyhock flower is very beautiful with bright colors and a fresh feeling. It is very popular with people. Common Hollyhock is especially suitable for planting in the good environment of courtyard, roadside and garden layout. Common Hollyhock also can form the flourishing hedges, flower wall, beautify the garden environment. Common Hollyhock brings a kind of mild feeling to the owner of hedges and flower walls.

Common Hollyhock