Written by Maggie
Mar 24 2021
Asiatic apple flower, scientific name Malus spectabilis, a small deciduous tree belonging to the genus Apple of Rosaceae, has been a famous flower for both refined and popular taste since ancient times, and is known as "the fairy in the flower" and "the noble concubine in the flower". Asiatic apple is often used for garden greening and cultivation, especially in northern areas, because of its gorgeous color, handsome appearance and brocade blossom. The Asiatic apple flower has no fragrance, but it still has a very good purification effect.
The Asiatic apple tree (Malus spectabilis) is an arbor, up to 8 m tall; Branchlets are stout, cylindrical, pubescent when young, gradually glabrescent, reddish-brown or purplish-brown when old, glabrous; In winter bud is ovate, apex acuminate, slightly pilose, purplish brown, several exserted scales.
Leaf blade of Asiatic apple tree is elliptic to oblong-elliptic, 5-8 cm long, 2-3 cm wide, apex short acuminate or obtuse, base wide cuneate or subrounded, margin closely serrate, sometimes partially nearly entire, upper and lower mask sparsely pubescent when young, later glabrescent, old leaves glabrous; The petiole is 1.5-3 cm long, pubescent; Stipules are membranous, narrowly lanceolate, apex acuminate, entire, inner mask villous.
Inflorescences of Asiatic apple tree are subumbellata, with 5-8 flowers, pedicels 2-3 cm long, pilose; Bracts are membranous, lanceolate, caducous; Flowers are 4-5 cm in diameter; The calyx tube is glabrous or white tomentose outside; Sepals are triangular-ovate, 3 mm long, shorter or subequal than calyx tube, apex acute, entire, outside glabrous or occasionally sparsely tomentose, inside densely white tomentose, sepals slightly shorter than calyx tube; Petals are ovate, 2-2.5 cm long and 1.5-2 cm wide, with short claws at base, white, pink in bud; It has 20-35 stamens 20-25, filaments of varying length, about half of petal; asiatic apple has 5 styles, 4 sparse, white velvety at base, slightly longer than stamens.
Asiatic apple tree bloom from April to May.
The Fruit of the Asiatic apple tree (Malus spectabilis) is subglobose, 1.5 -- 2 cm in diameter, yellow, sepals persistent, base not sinking, pedicels raised;Fruit pedicel slender, apex hypertrophic, long 3-4 cm.
Asiatic apples (Malus spectabilis) like sunshine, do not tolerate shade, and are not very cold resistant. It likes warm and humid environments. It is suitable for growing in sunny and leeward places, and the soil is not strict. Asiatic apple is strong in nature, easy to grow, does not require special technical management, but can not tolerate waterlogging, potted to prevent water stains, so as not to rot the roots.
Asiatic apples (Malus spectabilis) can be found in plain or mountain, 50-2000 meters above sea level. It is distributed in Hebei, Shandong, Shaanxi, Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Yunnan.
The main diseases and insect pests are Asiatic apple tree rust, to timely spray cloth Bordeaux liquid or powder rust Ning. For rot, spray Bordeaux or sulphur mixture. Aphids can beo killed by borer pine or Lesotho prevention. Hawthorn leaf mite can be controlled by dichlorophenol.
Asiatic apple tree (Malus spectabilis) is mainly cuttage and seedling propagation. Select robust branches, length is 10 to 15 centimeters, the bottom from the lower part of the leaf 5 millimeters cut off, the bottom leaves are cut off, only the upper two leaves can be retained. Flowers also need to all pinch, slightly air half a day, and then directly planted to the soil, and place it in a semi-shade place. After keeping wet soil, the leaf conditions should be in the sun spray several times fog,
Asiatic apple flowers taste sweet, sour, flat, with spleen and diarrhea, diuretic, thirst, stomach and other medicinal functions.
Asiatic apple tree (Malus spectabilis) is not only colorful, but also the fruit of Asiatic apple, which tastes sweet and sour but tastes like hawthorn, and can be eaten fresh or made into candied fruit. While the preserves made from Asiatic apple sticks have a unique taste, pure and delicious sour and sweet, and have a special fragrance of fruit flavor. The pulp fiber is less, and does not contain stone cells. The texture is hard and durable for storage and transportation. The flowers of Asiatic apples can be used as a seasoning for sugar sauce, which is very delicious. The bark contains tannin, which can be used to extract tannin extract. Wood is hard and can be used to make furniture.