Petunia is a perennial herb. Petunia is mainly distributed in South America and is now very popular in various countries. Petunia has bright flowers and colorful colors, and its flowering period is from April to frost, so it is also welcomed by many people.
How to choose and prepare a planting site
Petunias need full sun or they will become spindly. They don’t tend to Flower
well in shade.
They are quite versatile, growing well in different types of soil as long as the soil drains well and doesn’t stay wet.
Soil should be moderately fertile to promote the best growth. Amend poor soil with compost prior to planting.
It’s easiest to buy young plants from a nursery that sells Petunias
in flats. Look for plants that are short and compact, not leggy and not yet blooming—they’ll settle in faster.
If you are going to grow petunias from seed, start the seeds indoors 8 to 10 weeks before your last spring frost date. (See your local frost dates.)
Plant young petunias outdoors after your last spring frost date, but keep a close eye on the weather forecast and protect young plants from late frosts.
How to grow Petunias
How to Grow Petunias From Seed
It's most common to purchase young petunia plants from a nursery. But it can be worth the challenge to grow petunias from seed, especially if you're trying for a particular variety. Start your seeds at least 10 to 12 weeks before your area's projected last frost date.
Spread the tiny seeds on top of a moist seed-starting mix. Gently press them down, but do not bury them as they need light to germinate. Then, cover the container with clear plastic, and put it in a warm spot but out of direct sunlight. You should see seedlings within seven to 10 days. Once they emerge, remove the plastic. When the seedlings have three true leaves, they can be transplanted into their own pots.
How to Grow Petunias From Cuttings
I re-used a six pack container, filled it with the potting medium and watered it well. Many times I use these small 2 to 3 inch plastic pots I got on Amazon, they have lasted me for 10 plus years and are the perfect size for cuttings.
Choose Petunia to take cuttings from
This is one of the petunias I will take cuttings from today. I bought this one in a 4 pack from Wal-Mart for $3. I bought these in early April and potted them up to grow on so they would be large enough to take cuttings from.
You want a stem that will be long enough. You want almost 3 to 4 inches of cutting to stick into the potting medium. See the DIY potting soil I use here.
The longest stem on this petunia is the one with the big flower blooming. I hate to cut it off when it is so pretty but oh well.
Follow it down as far as you can and find a spot right below a leaf node.
Using bypass pruners or a cutting tool of your choice, cut just below the leaf node.
- Remove leaves from petunia cutting
Lay the petunia cutting on your flat surface or potting bench, remove leaves and side shoots.
You can pinch them off with your thumbnail or use a sharp knife to sever the leaves from the stem.
It looks pretty sad without all the lovely leaves and flower but soon this little cutting will be sprouting new growth and then later more beautiful flowers.
How to care for Petunias
Most petunia varieties prefer full sun, meaning at least six hours of direct sunlight on most days. But in the heat of summer, partial shade (especially from strong afternoon sun) will help to keep them refreshed and blooming better.
Petunias prefer a light, fertile soil that provides good drainage. They can tolerate a variety of soil types as long as they are well-draining. Plus, they like a slightly acidic soil pH.
Like many flowering annuals, petunias don’t like to be dry for long periods. But they also don’t like to sit in soggy soil, which can rot their roots. Plus, too much water can result in leggy plants with a lot of stem but few flowers. In general, weekly watering when you don't have rainfall will be sufficient. However, some spreading varieties and plants grown in containers typically need more frequent watering. Try not to let the soil dry out more than 2 inches down.
Temperature and Humidity
The ideal temperatures for petunias are roughly 60 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and 55 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit at night. They can tolerate temperatures all the way down to about 40 degrees Fahrenheit, but frost and freezing temperatures will damage and ultimately kill the plants. Low to moderate humidity levels are best for these flowers.
Feed petunias at the time of planting with a balanced fertilizer. It’s also helpful to work some compost into the soil. Then, starting in July and continuing until the plants decline in the fall, fertilize every two to three weeks with a liquid fertilizer made for flowering plants. Some of the spreading varieties need weekly fertilization, so be sure to check your plant’s individual care instructions.
To keep your plants looking good, take some time to groom them.
As the summer progresses, petunias can get tired and leggy. They bloom best when they receive 10-12 hours of daylight. As the summer light starts to grow shorter, this sends a signal to stop blooming and set seed. You can “trick” them into a new flush of growth (and more flowers!) by shearing them back. Cut off all the stringy, trailing stems that have only a flower or two.
Pests and Diseases
Petunias generally don’t have any serious issues with pests or diseases. They can be damaged by heavy winds and rain, so aim to offer them some protection from extreme weather. They also can be susceptible to fungal diseases, such as gray mold, especially in rainy climates.1 Opt for a variety that has a higher tolerance for moisture if you live in wet conditions. Plus, some pests that might bother them include aphids, flea beetles, slugs and snails which feed on the stems and leaves.2 Often you can just hose pests off the plants with a strong blast of water. But if the infestation is severe and impeding flowering, you can use an insecticide.
Varieties of Petunias to try in your garden
‘Carpet Series’ is very popular. They are compact, early blooming with 1½-to 2-inch blooms that come in a wide variety of colors, and are ideal for ground cover.
‘Primetime’ series stay compact and uniform, covered with 2¼-inch flowers.
‘Heavenly Lavender’ is an early, compact, double, deep Lavender
blue with 3-inch blooms on 12-to 14-inch plants
‘Sugar Daddy’ (Petunia Daddy Series), which sports purple flowers with dark veins.
‘Rose Star’ (Petunia Ultra Series), whose flowers look striped because of its rose-pink flowers with a white center.
‘Celebrity’ series petunias are compact and rain-tolerant. The flowers reach 2½ to 3 inches across.
‘Madness’ series petunias have big, 3-inch flowers in many veined and solid colors. They are compact and bloom until frost. They bounce back well after rain.
‘Double Madness’ petunias are compact and floriferous with big, 3-inch flowers all through the summer. Like their single counterparts, ‘Double Madness’ petunias bounce back within hours of a rainstorm.
‘Fantasy’ forms neat, compact mounds.
‘Purple Wave’ was the first cultivar in the class of spreading petunias. It produces large blooms of deep rose-purple. It is tolerant of summer heat, drought and rain damage. ‘Purple Wave’ remains under 4 inches tall.
‘Wave’ series petunias are available in a multitude of colors. Most are not quite as ground-hugging as the original. They are weather-tolerant, disease resistant and heavy-blooming.