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Japanese Plum Tree Care & Propagation Guide

Written by Ivy

Oct 22 2021

Japanese Plum Tree Care & Propagation Guide
When we propagate the Japanese plum tree, we should place it in a sunny place for conservation. At ordinary times, we should keep the basin soil of Japanese plum tree moist. Japanese plum tree generally adopts the method of grafting propagation, or cutting or pressing strip.

Japanese Plum Tree Quick Info

Botanical/Scientific Name Eriobotrya Japonica
Common Name Prunus mume
Uses As a source of fruit and even tea
Origin China
Light Care Six to eight hours of direct, bright light
Soil Care Moist, but well drained soils
Temperature Care Between 500 and 900 hours of 45 degree F (or lower) temperature
Humidity Care Moisture
Watering Water with a drip irrigation system
Pruning Care Prune lightly during the growing season
Fertilizer Care One cup of 10-10-10 fertilizer for each year of tree age
Propagation Dig a hole three times larger than the root ball of the tree
Toxic Toxic to dogs and Cats

Japanese Plum Tree Care in Detail

Japanese Plum Tree Care & Propagation Guide

Japanese Plum Tree Watering

We should pay attention to watering during the growth period of Japanese plum tree. We should always keep the basin soil moist, neither ponding nor too wet or too dry. We should master the principle of seeing dry and seeing wet when watering. Generally, when the weather is cloudy and the temperature is low, water less, otherwise water more. We can water twice a day in summer, once a day in spring and autumn, and thoroughly dry in winter.

Japanese Plum Tree Soil

Japanese plum tree doesn't have high requirements for soil. Generally, it can use loose and slightly wet soil. It can't use too wet soil. If the soil is too wet, it is easy to rot the roots of Japanese plum tree.

Japanese Plum Tree Light

If the light time is insufficient, it will affect the growth of Japanese plum tree. After planting Japanese plum tree, we should keep watering it every day to keep it moist, but we can't water it too much and there can't be water in the basin, otherwise its roots will rot. in hot summer, we can take a watering can to water its branches and leaves.

Japanese Plum Tree Temperature

The adaptive temperature of Japanese plum tree is low. Generally, it can bloom at about 5 ℃. After the Flower buds are colored, we can increase the temperature to 15-20 ℃, but not higher than 20 ℃. If the temperature is too high, it will affect the flowering of Japanese plum tree. Although the Japanese plum tree can blossom in a low temperature environment, it also needs to be exposed to the sun. Exposure to the sun as much as possible in winter can make its flower buds grow fuller and stronger and bloom more brightly.

Japanese Plum Tree Humidity

We can spray the Japanese plum tree and soil with a watering can. It can't be too wet, just a little humidity. We all know that Japanese plum tree likes cold weather, but Japanese plum tree also needs sufficient light time, and plum blossom likes a humid environment, so we must keep the ventilation in the house, not too closed, We can put the Japanese plum tree on the balcony window, so that we can get enough light, open some windows and ventilate, and the environment is better.

Japanese Plum Tree Fertilizer

Japanese plum tree doesn't need to be fertilized frequently. Our family loosen the soil on its basin in winter, and then fertilize it once. We can also fertilize it once before flowering. If you want Japanese plum tree to grow better, we can add a little fertilizer when planting it. We can't fertilize too much, or it will burn out.

Japanese Plum Tree Pruning

The Japanese plum tree pruning time can be conducted within 20 days after the flower. Mainly in natural tree shape, cut off Cross branches, upright branches, dry branches, over dense branches, etc., and short cut the lateral branches to promote flowers and leaves. After the potted Japanese plum tree is put into the pot, it shall be re cut to lay the foundation for the production of bonsai. Plum piles are usually used as scenes to graft plum blossoms in various postures.

Japanese Plum Tree Repotting

Before Japanese plum tree repotting, we should first select the time. It is best to trim and change after the flowers wither in spring, so that the service basin is fast and does not affect the growth of new branches. During Japanese plum tree repotting, we should be careful to shake off the original soil, trim the long and rotten roots, and replant with new soil after sterilization. If your plum blossom soil is not used well and hardened seriously, it's best to soak it in dry water when changing the basin. After the soil is soft, remove it carefully and plant it with loose and breathable soil. If you just want to change the Japanese plum tree into a larger or better basin without breaking up the original soil ball, you can change it at other times as long as it is not changed during flowering.
We should pay attention to these points when giving Japanese plum tree repotting: A. try not to change in autumn. Plum blossoms already have flower buds in autumn, and changing pots will affect the growth of flower buds. The temperature is not suitable in summer and winter, and it is not recommended to change the pot for plum blossoms. B. When the root system is healthy, the smaller the damage is, the faster the basin is taken, and the smaller the risk is. Therefore, protect the root system when changing the basin, and do not force it when it is not good to take off the basin. C. In order to facilitate future maintenance and pot change under Japanese plum tree, it is necessary to plant with loose and breathable soil. D. When there is a problem with the root system, it is not recommended to add base fertilizer when changing the pot. Just plant it in plain soil. When the roots are well raised, consider the base fertilizer next time you change the pot.
When the weather is cool, the flower buds are not small. At this time, Japanese plum tree repotting is bound to affect the normal growth of roots and the absorption and transportation of nutrients and water. Naturally, it will affect the growth of flower buds, which is easy to cause poor growth or direct drying of differentiated flower buds (if you do not intend to completely shake off the original soil, you can retain some of the original soil). After flowering in spring, plum blossom will have a short physiological dormancy period, with less demand for water and nutrients. In addition, the stable temperature and rising humidity will have the least impact on Japanese plum tree repotting, the fastest pot serving and the weakest risk. So, if we want to change the basin of Japanese plum tree at this time, just wait. However, if your Japanese plum tree has growth problems, such as yellow leaves falling and twigs shrinking in advance, don't wait. Take off the pot and check the roots in time. If there are problems, it's better to deal with them early than late.
When we repotting Japanese plum tree, if the original root system is too long, it can be trimmed. However, when pruning the root system, properly prune the branches and leaves. Because the pruning of the root system will affect the normal transmission of water and nutrients, and if the branches and leaves are not pruned, the amount of water and nutrients required is not before the root system is pruned. In this way, the supply and consumption are disproportionate, and it is easy to cause the phenomenon of withered and yellow leaves and gradually withered twigs, causing our psychological panic, and then the maintenance is completely disordered and wrong step by step. Only when the roots are pruned and the branches and leaves are properly pruned, the demand and transportation of nutrients and water are relatively stable, and the survival is not a problem. This is also one reason why Japanese plum tree repotting is recommended after flowering in spring, because plum blossoms are more suitable for pruning after flowering in spring. Pruning in autumn is easy to cut off flower buds by mistake and affect flowering.

Japanese Plum Tree Pest & Disease Control

1. Leaf roll disease

Leaf roll disease is a physiological disease. This disease will cause both sides of the leaves of Japanese plum tree to fold inward to the middle under water stress, and the whole plum plant will be in a state of fatigue and wilting, which will lead to a large number of leaves falling off in severe cases.
On the one hand, it is due to high temperature and little rain in summer, dry soil, dry air and strong light. On the other hand, the Japanese plum tree itself is a fine fibrous root with poor water absorption and transportation capacity. In addition, the plum leaves of Japanese plum tree are thin. At this time, the plum plants evaporate water faster and are in a state of water deficit, resulting in curling of its leaves.
The leaf curling phenomenon of Japanese plum tree began in June, which eased after the rain, and the leaves can be flattened slightly; When the weather is good and the water supply is sufficient, the rolled leaves of Japanese plum tree appear late, which will not shed a lot of leaves and affect the differentiation of flower buds.
Leaf curling is caused by the special structural and physiological characteristics of Japanese plum tree and the comprehensive effect of adverse climatic factors. Therefore, the management should be strengthened to make its roots well developed and the tree grow healthily, so as to improve its water absorption and transportation capacity.
After entering the high-temperature and dry season, we should strengthen root watering, leaf spraying and environmental watering to create a relatively cool environment through humidification and cooling.

2. Yellowing disease

This Japanese plum tree disease is an iron deficiency physiological disease under alkaline soil conditions. Because of the alkaline soil or culture soil, or the alkaline water for long-term irrigation, the plum root system in the alkaline environment for a long time, resulting in the necrosis of vegetative fibrous roots, resulting in the chlorosis and yellowing of leaves.
The disease of Japanese plum tree is mainly manifested in the leaves of new twigs. The leaves are small, the chlorosis between leaf veins is yellowish white and irregular, but the leaf veins are still green, and the old leaves in the middle and lower part generally do not yellowing.
We should pay attention to the pot soil or ground Garden soil of Japanese plum tree, and adjust its pH value below 6.5; When watering flowers with tap water, place them for 3-5 days, and add a small amount of ferrous sulfate particles.
During the growing season of Japanese plum tree, we can water alum fertilizer once a month to prevent the occurrence of yellowing disease; After serious yellowing of leaves, the root can be watered with 0.3% ferrous sulfate solution, and the leaf surface can be sprayed with 0.2% solution once a half month. Both watering and spraying can promote the yellowing and greening of young leaves. A small amount of potted plants can also be watered with 1% vinegar or 0.5% citric acid.

3. Anthrax

The damaged leaves of Japanese plum tree initially produce small brown spots, and then expand into round and oval lesions less than 1 cm. Those born on the leaf edge are mostly semicircular or irregular, grayish brown to grayish white, with reddish brown and dark purple edges, with black dots on them, arranged in concentric round wheels.
We need to clear away the dead leaves and burn them. From the middle of April, we can alternately spray 50% of mancozeb wettable powder 500 times, or 50% of acetaminophen and carbendazim wettable powder 500 times, or 70% of anthrax Fumei and methyl tobuzin wettable powder 800-1000 times for 3-4 times.

Japanese Plum Tree Propagation

Japanese Plum Tree Care & Propagation Guide

Japanese Plum Tree Cutting Propagation

Many people are very curious about how plum blossom should be propagated. In fact, Japanese plum tree cutting propagation is the most commonly used propagation method of plum blossom. Although it is very simple and easy to operate, many people have various problems when cutting with plum branches. But as long as you master the four steps of Japanese plum tree cutting propagation, you can easily insert a plum blossom!
1. Prepare basin soil
The first step of Japanese plum tree cutting propagation is to understand its preference for soil, which is also a key step in how to cut and propagate plum blossoms. Plum blossom likes acidic soil with good water permeability, so we can choose garden soil, vermiculite, river sand or fine sand in the proportion of 6:3:1 and fill it into the flower pot.
2. Select cuttings
We can select the branches with strong lignification and five leaf buds on the Japanese plum tree, cut about 13cm from the middle and upper part with scissors, and then cut about 2cm inclined plane from the lower end of the plum branch and place it in a ventilated place to dry. Pay attention to the branches that are too old, otherwise the survival rate will be affected.
3. Insert into soil
The last step of the Japanese plum tree cutting propagation is to insert the Japanese plum tree branch into the prepared basin soil, with a depth of about 10cm. The surface of the basin soil only needs to expose the branch for about 2cm, and then compact the soil around the basin soil, pour water, and cover it with plastic film.
4. Winter cutting
Japanese plum trees are usually cut in winter and will take root in the next spring. In winter, the plum will enter a dormant state, and the branches born in that year will also grow into lignification, and the nutrient content in the branches is high, which greatly improves the cutting survival rate of plum.

Japanese Plum Tree Propagation in Water

The water we put in Japanese plum tree propagation in water is usually 1 / 3 of the vase. However, when we are in Japanese plum tree propagation in water, first we need to prepare a pair of sharp scissors, and then trim the branches of plum trees by about 3cm, so as to increase the water absorption of flower branches of Japanese plum tree. Secondly, it is also necessary to cut off the leaves of the plum blossom close to the vase, so as to prevent the leaves from competing with the plum blossom for nutrients. In addition, we also need to change the water for the inserted Japanese plum tree regularly, usually every 5 to 6 days.

Japanese Plum Tree Benefits

In addition to its ornamental function, Japanese plum tree also has the following functions. Japanese plum tree has a sour and bitter taste, but there is no toxin, so it can be used safely in life. Japanese plum has many effects in soaking water, especially for the spleen and stomach. Plum blossom has the functions of harmonizing the stomach, resolving phlegm, soothing the liver and strengthening the spleen. It is especially suitable for cough patients. Japanese plum can strengthen the spleen and stomach, which is good for detoxification, soothe the liver and regulate qi, improve the situation of cough and expectoration, and strengthen the spleen and stomach.
In addition to the Japanese plum efficacy described above, plum blossom can also effectively treat some uncomfortable problems of the head. If the body has a headache, dizziness and other conditions, you can drink plum blossom in water, and the treatment effect is very good.
In daily life, if your body has problems such as loss of appetite and indigestion, you can soak Japanese Plum in water to drink, which can soothe your stomach and promote taste buds. Plum blossom has the functions of appetizing, generating saliva and relieving thirst. It is suitable for soaking in water in summer and can effectively protect the body. Japanese plum can relieve loss of appetite, help appetizer and promote appetite.
If the body has liver pain and stomach pain, you can match plum blossom with Bupleurum and bergamot, and then decoct and take the liquid medicine. Plum blossom is good for the treatment of stomach pain and anti-inflammatory.
The efficacy and function of plum blossom have been introduced to you above. I don't know whether you have understood it. In fact, plum blossom has many advantages, which can strengthen the spleen and stomach, and is also good for the treatment of stomachache. At the same time, it can also have the effect of promoting fluid. It is a good ingredient for health care.

Japanese Plum Tree Care FAQs

How to beauty japanese plum tree?

How to beauty japanese plum tree?  Plum blossom bonsai should be simple and generous. Decorations can be provided, but not too much. Some Japanese plums put a fence on the fence, with slate, houses, scrolls, people and others on the fence; Some are stacked on terraces in pots and set up a path, which not only makes the work look like a craftsman, but also makes people feel the feeling of gold plating and even the owner, because the observer is the first person to see the total pendulum of the forest. This is not Japanese plus's plastic arts.
For beauty japanese plus tree, we can lay a layer of moss on the surface of the basin. But if pearlite or other white particulate matter is found on moss, it will not be fish or poultry. Because the moss in the basin is "green grass", the snow and soil are usually dry and yellow, without the meaning of green, so it does not conform to the laws of nature and becomes a failure.
Japanese plum tree likes the warm, humid, sunny and well ventilated environment, and the maintenance and management of cold, cold, drought and fear of waterlogging. Usually, it can be kept in an outdoor area with sufficient light and air circulation. In the growing season, watering is not watering and pouring. From late May to late June is the early stage of flower bud physiological differentiation of Japanese plum tree. It is necessary for us to control watering properly. When the new shoot tip wilts slightly, it can be watered, the new shoot tip can wither, and the growth point can be damaged for many times, so as to control the growth rate of branches and facilitate flower bud differentiation.

What does a japanese plum tree look like?

The appearance of Japanese plum tree is mainly described from three aspects: leaves, flowers and branches. The first is the leaf: the leaf of the Japanese plum tree is in the shape of an egg, and the edge of the leaf is also provided with some small serrations. The second is its flowers: its color is usually red and yellow. It looks like a butterfly from a distance. It is very beautiful. Finally, the branches of Japanese plum tree are generally purple brown or light gray, and the branches are relatively slender.