Title

Fuji Apple Tree Care & Propagation Guide

Written by Ivy

Nov 05 2021

Fuji Apple Tree Care & Propagation Guide

Fuji Apple is rich in nutrients. Fuji Apple is rich in vitamins. Among all fruits containing vitamin C, Fuji Apple has the highest content. How to propagate Fuji Apple Tree? Let's learn together.

Fuji Apple Tree Quick Info

Botanical/Scientific Name Malus domestica L
Common Name Malus pumila, Fuji
Uses Baking, roasting, and stewing
Origin Japan
Light Care Full sun and rich
Soil Care Well draining, nutrient rich loam
Temperature Care 35-45 degrees Fahrenheit
Humidity Care Moisture
Watering Water pipes and sewer lines
Pruning Care Regular pruning
Fertilizer Care Nitrogen fertilizer three times
Propagation From seeds, cutting‎, layering‎
Toxic Non toxic

Fuji Apple Tree Care in Detail

fuji-apple

Fuji Apple Tree Watering

In spring, Fuji Apple Tree's branches and leaves grow faster, and its root system will enter the peak of spring root growth. At the same time, it will bloom and set fruit. These physiological activities need sufficient water supply. Especially when the fruit trees sprout in spring, the fruit trees end their dormancy in winter. At this time, the water demand is the most, and then it will continue to the Flower bud differentiation period after fuji apple tree withers flowers and sets fruit, The water supply needs to be reduced. In other words, under normal circumstances, Fuji Apple tree watering in spring is the most before spring germination, and then keep the water in the orchard until it decreases before flower bud differentiation, so as to control the water properly.
Fuji Apple Tree should be watered early rather than late in spring. It should be combined with topdressing in spring. Watering should be carried out at the same time or immediately after topdressing, so as to supplement water to fruit trees in time and promote root growth and nutrient absorption.
The watering of Fuji Apple Tree should be determined according to the moisture content of the orchard. Now it has entered March. Recently, there has been frequent precipitation in Jiaodong, and the soil moisture content of the orchard has been not low. Watering these days is inappropriate and unnecessary. Therefore, I think we should combine pruning and garden cleaning work arrangements to water it once from the middle to the late March, The water should be poured thoroughly to ensure that the orchard is permeable.

Fuji Apple Tree Soil

Fuji Apple Tree should be planted on suitable soil. Fuji Apple Tree should be planted in the soil with deep soil layer, loose soil and high content of soil organic matter, which is conducive to the healthy growth of apple trees. Don't plant Fuji Apple Tree in the shade with poor light, or in low-lying places with poor drainage, or in poor air circulation or poor acid-base soil. These places are not conducive to the growth of Fuji Apple Tree, nor can they grow big apples.
We should also pay attention to soil management and improve soil fertility. As a fruit farmer, if you want an apple to grow up, you must pay attention to soil management. We should change the traditional bad habit of large amount of water and fertilizer and partial application of chemical fertilizer. The application of rotten farmyard fertilizer or organic fertilizer and biological bacterial fertilizer can be combined with fertilization, deeply burying crop straw, growing grass in orchards, or planting green fertilizer to improve the organic matter of the soil, regularly turn the soil every year, improve the soil aggregate structure and improve the soil fertility, which can lay a good foundation for the growth of Fuji Apple Tree.

Fuji Apple Tree Light

Fuji Apple Tree is a light loving tree species. Light time, light intensity and light quality play a very important role in photosynthesis and other physiological activities of fruit trees, so they have a decisive impact on appendage development, fruit yield and quality. Generally, Fuji Apple Tree requires that the illumination time should be 2600 ~ 2800 hours, and the sunshine in the pre harvest coloring period should be more than 50%. Under the condition of strengthening the coloring management of Fuji Apple Tree, the full red fruit surface and bright coloring can be achieved.
Therefore, Fuji Apple Tree's planting density, plant row spacing, shaping method, pruning method, branch cutting density and ridge retention per unit area, etc. On the premise of creating good light transmission conditions, all parts of the crown must be evenly and adequately illuminated, with both upper and lower light, both direct light and scattered light, so that the branches can see the light and the fruits can see the light, so as to ensure high yield and high quality.

Fuji Apple Tree Temperature

Temperature is the limiting factor that determines the distribution of Fuji Apple Tree and plays a decisive role in the growth and fruit of Fuji Apple Tree. In winter, the temperature is too low, the temperature changes too much, and the cold current is too early or too late, which often causes the Fuji Apple Tree tree to freeze, strip and burn, or the dormancy is lifted too early, the flowering is uneven, etc. in summer, the temperature is too high or too low, which is easy to cause the nutritional imbalance of Fuji Apple Tree tree, rampant diseases and pests, and difficult to flower.
The temperature required for the growth and development of Fuji Apple Tree is that the annual average temperature is 8 ~ 14 ℃, the average temperature from April to October is 16 ~ 20 ℃, the monthly average temperature is more than 10 ° C from December to February of the next year, the maximum temperature from July to August is less than 30 ℃, and the annual average accumulated temperature is about 3000 ℃. Fuji Apple Tree is a warm variety, which is slightly higher than the temperature required by ordinary varieties.

Fuji Apple Tree Humidity

The normal flowering and Fruiting of Fuji Apple Tree is closely related to the moisture and humidity of the orchard. Too much or too little water supply will cause tree malnutrition. Under normal circumstances, excessive water supply in orchards is easy to make plants flourish, autumn shoots grow green, tree crowns close, light worsens, photosynthetic capacity weakens, photosynthetic products are mostly used for branch and leaf growth, which can not meet fruit growth and red development. On the contrary, due to insufficient water supply, short shoots, poor leaf quality and low photosynthetic capacity, Fuji Apple Tree can not grow and develop normally.
The red development of Fuji Apple Tree requires moderate soil moisture in the orchard in the early stage of growth and moderate drought in September, which plays a positive role in inhibiting the growth of new shoots, reducing nutrient consumption and promoting the synthesis of anthocyanins. In case of severe drought, it is easy to cause the branches, leaves and fruits of Fuji Apple Tree to wilt and cause the decomposition of anthocyanins. Therefore, an appropriate amount of water supply during drought is conducive to fruit growth and coloring.

Fuji Apple Tree Fertilizer

Fuji Apple Tree fertilizer is mainly in three stages: pre flowering, post flowering and stable fruit setting. When applying fertilizer in Fuji Apple Tree, we should combine it with the actual growth of fruit trees and apply fertilizer reasonably. Fruit trees should be fertilized at the first time before flowering, topdressing should be carried out after flowering and stable fruit setting, and topdressing should also be carried out after picking fruit trees in autumn.
After June is an important stage of fertilization in Fuji Apple Tree. Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizer should be used in a reasonable proportion. At this stage, in order to meet the nutrient needs of fruit trees, accelerated nitrogen should be mainly applied and topdressing should be applied at the first time. 1-5-year-old apple trees should be applied with urea of 0.3 kg / plant to lay a good foundation for the growth of new fruit trees; 6-10-year-old apples are usually applied with urea of 0.5 kg / plant. Generally speaking, we should combine Fuji Apple Tree fertilizer and irrigation, and apply fertilizer at the first time after each irrigation. In the season with more rain, we should actively combine with the soil moisture in the field to do a good job in orchard drainage to prevent waterlogging.

Fuji Apple Tree Pruning

To cultivate Fuji Apple Tree, we must first ensure the adequacy of light and Fuji Apple Tree pruning. In many apple orchards, the spacing between plants is small, the branches and leaves are lush, and the light in the inner chamber is insufficient. To ensure the best quality of Fuji Apple Tree, we must transform the tree structure and open the optical path. Firstly, saw off the large main branches within 1 m to ensure that the trunk height is kept at 1.0-1.5 m; Secondly, we should cut off 1-3 main branches and trim them into improved open center type; Finally, cut off the Cross branches between plants. Through transformation, the number of large main branches left by each tree shall be more than 3, but not more than 5 at most. Fuji Apple Tree shall transform the tree body within 3 years and handle it flexibly based on the tree body. (Find more Winter Fruit here.)
Fuji Apple Tree has good flowers and high fruit setting rate. Fuji Apple Tree pruning requires us to cut off the big branches. In order to ensure the balance of the tree body, we should try our best to leave all kinds of branches growing on the main branches of Fuji Apple Tree, pull and sag the big branches, cut buds before germination, increase growth points and ease the tree potential. (Find more healthy fruit here.)

Fuji Apple Tree Repotting

The best time for Fuji Apple Tree repotting is from the end of March to the beginning of April in spring, or from October to November. We should not carry out Fuji Apple Tree repotting when the weather is cold, so as to avoid the effects of frost and snow melting.
The specific transplanting time in different regions is also different. The transplanting time in areas with higher latitude in the north is earlier than that in the south. We'd better start half a month before Fuji Apple Tree sprouts.
We can pile some soil above the roots of transplanted fruit trees. In windy weather, we can put a support on the fruit trees to fix the fruit trees.
After Fuji Apple Tree repotting, fruit trees without original soil at the root should be trimmed in time, and all side branches should be trimmed off, so as to reduce nutrient consumption and be conducive to the survival of fruit trees.
If the weather is dry and the humidity is low after Fuji Apple Tree repotting, the fruit trees can be watered every ten days and a half months to ensure the normal water demand of the fruit trees. We should pay attention to the Fuji Apple Tree that has just changed pots. We can't apply fertilizer until it survives, otherwise it will burn the seedlings.

Fuji Apple Tree Pest & Disease Control

The emergence of fruit tree ring rot is mainly because Fuji Apple Tree can not effectively resist the spread of bacteria, so we should pay attention to the spraying link in the early stage. The first spraying time is generally within 10-15 days after the falling of fruit trees. Relevant personnel can do a good job in the prevention of fruit tree diseases and pests with the help of 70% tobuzin wettable powder or 80% mancozeb wettable powder. According to the times of rainfall and the type of medication, spray drugs appropriately. For example, when controlling aphids, mites and other pests, relevant personnel can spray 800 times of 2.5% dipterex emulsion and 40% kailesan emulsion. Fuji Apple Tree3-5 times should be sprayed around the middle of August. For Fuji Apple Tree diseased branches that have been seriously cracked or dead, relevant personnel shall trim them in time.

Fuji Apple Tree Propagation

fuji-apple

Fuji Apple Tree Cutting Propagation

Fuji Apple Tree cutting propagation is a good way to make rational use of the branches without rooting, the branches cut by the pile after budding the apple, the low rootstock branches cut in the adult orchard and the branches with roots cut out of the nursery.
For the branches inserted by the stem during the dormancy period, we'd better use the annual or biennial branches without rooting. We can cut them from the female parent in autumn and store them in the basement or in the soil. The lower part of the branches is buried with wet sand, and some of them are buried with wet sand. Some branches are upright and some are horizontal. Now it seems that the upright one is better. We need to keep the temperature between 0-5 ℃ throughout the winter. We can wait until the next spring when the female parent of dwarf stock germinates and take out the cuttings.

Fuji Apple Tree Sowing Propagation

We can break the core of Fuji Apple Tree after eating, take out its seeds, wash them with water once, and then take them out to dry until there is no water in the shell. Prepare a container that can be sealed, wrap the seeds in it with paper towels, and then refrigerate the container in the refrigerator for 2-3 months, and control the temperature at 4-5 degrees. This is to simulate the temperature in winter. If it is winter, this step is not necessary. When refrigerating Fuji Apple Tree, we should check regularly to ensure that the container is wet. After 2 months, the seeds begin to germinate, and these can be taken out.
We should select an area for sowing, or use basin soil to raise seedlings, and transplant them when the seedlings grow to a certain extent. The pH value of the soil for seedling cultivation is neutral at best, and there should be a turf layer on the soil. Do not apply any chemical fertilizer during sowing to avoid seed death. You can eat compost or cover some plant leaves, which can also provide sufficient fertility. Fuji Apple Tree seeds are very fragile. We should be careful and gentle when sowing Fuji Apple Tree. Put the seeds in the soil, cover the soil, pat them gently, and then water them to keep the soil moist. After sowing, it will be placed in an environment with slightly higher temperature and sufficient light. After a few weeks, it will begin to germinate. When it grows to a certain extent, it will start transplanting.
When we can start transplanting, we have to choose an address for transplanting. When we choose Fuji Apple Tree, we should consider three factors: light, soil and space. Apple is a fruit tree that likes light. It needs to maintain more than 6 hours of light every day, so it needs a sufficient light environment; Apple likes wet soil environment, but is afraid of waterlogging, so it is required to have good soil drainage, good ability to retain water and fertilizer, and neutral pH value; Fuji Apple Tree, which is planted from seeds, has not been dwarfed, so it means that it will grow to a height of 9 meters. Therefore, the planting site should ensure that there is enough space for its growth, and each tree should be separated by 4-5 meters.
After selecting a good Fuji Apple Tree planting plot, we can transplant. The best time for transplanting is in spring or autumn. At this time, the temperature and climate can improve the survival rate of seedlings. We can first dig a cold pit with the diameter of seedling root system, and then loosen the soil beside the pit to make the root grow better. Then spread the root system of the seedlings in the pit, straighten the seedlings, pat them with soil, and water them adequately. When planting Fuji Apple Tree, we can also apply organic fertilizer or compost or fertile leaf amino acid water-soluble fertilizer to make the seedlings grow faster.

Fuji Apple Tree Benefits

Fuji Apple Tree is a kind of crisp and sweet apple, which is very popular. Fuji Apple Tree is a fruit rich in potassium, so it can play a good role in strengthening the spleen and stomach. At the same time, Fuji Apple Tree also contains a lot of carotene, so it can well alleviate eye fatigue.
Fuji Apple Tree is also good for people's heart health. Eating Fuji Apple Tree often can make people relax and maintain a healthy state of mind. At the same time, eating Fuji Apple Tree can also play a good role in relieving alcohol and protecting the liver.
Fuji Apple Tree is often eaten raw, which can play a good role in moistening the intestines and defecating. At the same time, people with weak spleen and stomach can choose to eat cooked Fuji Apple Tree, because Fuji Apple Tree is good for the intestines and stomach and can also stop diarrhea.
However, Fuji Apple Tree's apple seeds contain hydrocyanic acid, which we must be careful not to eat. These substances are toxic and can make people dizzy and breathe faster.

Fuji Apple Tree Care FAQs

Fuji Apple Tree calories

The calories of Fuji Apple Tree are: 52 kcal / 100g. Each 100g apple contains 13.81g carbohydrate, 0.17g fat, 0.26g protein and 2.4G cellulose. If your apple is relatively large, about two kilograms, each about 250g, the total calories are about 120 calories.
If your Fuji Apple Tree is relatively small, about five are only a kilogram, about 100g each, then the total calories are about 50 calories. Fuji Apple Tree is known as "living water" because its nutrients are soluble and easy to be absorbed by the human body. It helps to dissolve sulfur and make the skin smooth and tender.
Fuji Apple Tree contains more potassium, which can be combined with the excess sodium salt of the human body and excreted from the body. When the human body ingests too much sodium salt, eating some apples is conducive to balancing the electrolyte in the body. The phosphorus, iron and other elements contained in Fuji Apple Tree are easily absorbed by the intestinal wall and have the effects of Tonifying the brain, nourishing blood, calming the mind and sleeping.

Fuji Apple Tree nutrition

About 100g Fuji Apple Tree contains 10mg vitamin C. Vitamin C can effectively inhibit the formation of melanin and melanin, help eliminate skin spots, increase heme, delay skin aging, beauty.
The calcium content of Fuji Apple Tree is much richer than that of ordinary fruits, which helps to metabolize the excess salt in the body. Malic acid in Fuji Apple Tree can metabolize calories and prevent lower body obesity. Soluble fiber pectin in apple can solve constipation. Pectin in Fuji Apple Tree can also promote the emission of lead, mercury and manganese in gastrointestinal tract, regulate blood glucose level and prevent sudden rise and fall of blood glucose.
One Fuji Apple Tree (154g) has 5g dietary fiber, 170mg potassium, 10mg calcium, 22G carbohydrate, 10mg phosphorus, vc7.8g and vb7.8g. A Fuji Apple Tree contains more than 30 mg of flavonoids, 15% of carbohydrates and pectin, vitamins A, C, E, potassium and antioxidants.
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