Black tartarian cherry is mainly distributed in high temperature and high humidity areas. Black Tartarian Cherry has strong environmental adaptability and disease resistance, and there are few fruit cracking. Among all cherry varieties, black tartarian cherry has strong germination power and long latent bud life, which is conducive to plant regeneration, large amount of flowers, and the fruiting rate is more than 60%.
Black Tartarian Cherry Trees Quick Info
|Black Tartarian Cherry
|When to Grow/Bloom/Harvest
|Plant in the Winter/Yields uniformly ripe fruit from mid-June to early July
|Fresh eating and preserves
|At least 700 chill hours at temperatures below 45 degrees Fahrenheit
|Dislike high humidity
|Water the tree every 5 to10 days
|Prune out any dead or damaged branches
|Annual dose of low-nitrogen fertilizer
|Propagated by budding on mazzard roots
|Considered toxic and contain cyanide
When to Plant Black Tartarian Cherry TreesBlack tartarian cherry trees are planted from October to November in Autumn.
At this time, the survival rate of black tartarian cherry trees is high. We can transplant in the middle of March in the spring of the next year, keep the spacing of 20-30 cm after planting, cover the roots with soil and water them.
When does Black Tartarian Cherry Trees Bloom&Harvest
Black tartarian cherry trees will bloom in spring. The specific flowering time will be affected by the climate of that year. If the temperature rises quickly in that year, the flowering time will be advanced. The temperature before the flowering period of that year is low, and the flowering time will be delayed. The flowering period of black tartarian cherry trees does not last long. The same flower can bloom for 3 days, and the whole flowering period is about 10 days.
Under normal circumstances, black tartarian cherry trees go through a long process from seedling growth to flowering and fruiting. Generally speaking, it takes three to six years. Moreover, there are many factors that often change, which may prolong the time of results. Therefore, fruit farmers will generally take other measures to shorten this process as far as possible in order to promote the improvement of economic benefits.
Black Tartarian Cherry Trees Care in Detail
Black Tartarian Cherry Trees Watering
Before the black tartarian cherry trees bloom
, we need to water them. At this time, watering enough water can make the leaves of the plant expand well. At this time, the ambient temperature for the growth of black tartarian cherry trees is still relatively low. When we water it, as long as the land is wet. If too much water is used, the soil temperature will be reduced, thus affecting the growth of roots. April of each year is the most sensitive time for black tartarian cherry trees to water. During this time, we must water it more times, and the amount of water should be larger. To improve the quality of black tartarian cherry trees, we need to water the fruit trees about half a month before picking.
Black Tartarian Cherry Trees Soil
Black tartarian cherry trees like medium texture, deep soil layer, weak alkaline and low salt soil, which does not grow well in waterlogged soil. Black tartarian cherry trees prefer suitable soil with deep soil layer, good air permeability, high fertility and loose soil.
These are our basic requirements for soil. In addition, the requirements of black tartarian cherry trees for land pH, that is, pH value, our soil pH value should be between 6.5-7.5, and the content of organic matter should be more than 1%. This is the basic requirement for the soil for our black tartarian cherry trees.
Black Tartarian Cherry Trees LightBlack tartarian cherry trees
are highly photophile and have higher requirements for light than other deciduous fruit trees. When the light conditions are good, black tartarian cherry trees are robust, with long fruit branch life, full flower buds, high fruit setting rate, early fruit maturity, good coloring, high sugar content and less sour taste.
Black Tartarian Cherry Trees Temperature
cherry trees like warm summer weather, but they are not resistant to extreme heat. Too high temperature will promote the growth of fruits and lead to excessive growth or overgrowth of black tartarian cherry trees. Although at the end of winter, black tartarian cherry trees need a temperature of no less than 20f to blossom and sprout, black tartarian cherry trees need a period of severe cold to complete its dormancy period. The temperature in the severe cold period in winter shall not be lower than 20f, and the temperature in spring shall not be higher than 75F. After budding, black tartarian cherry trees also need to experience a continuous low temperature below 50F.
Black Tartarian Cherry Trees Humidity
Black tartarian cherry trees also has certain requirements for humidity. If the weather is fine around 2:00 p.m., the humidity should be lower. However, the humidity at night should be 100%, so the air humidity is lower than that of black tartarian cherry trees covered with plastic film. If black tartarian cherry trees do not absorb enough water, it will also have a serious impact on its germination.
Black Tartarian Cherry Trees Fertilizer
Early topdressing is very important. It only takes 40-60 days for black tartarian cherry trees to blossom and bear fruit. In addition to applying base fertilizer in autumn, we also need topdressing before germination and at the initial stage of fruit development, topdressing quick acting nitrogen fertilizer for the first time and compound fertilizer for the second time. After fruit harvest, nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizers need to be applied to promote flower bud differentiation. Spraying urea, borax and potassium dihydrogen phosphate mixture on the leaves at full flowering stage is very helpful to improve the yield of black tartarian cherry trees.
Black Tartarian Cherry Trees Pruning
The main purpose of black tartarian cherry trees
pruning is to better promote the growth of quality, so as to form a relatively complete tree shape. The cherry tree just planted will have some redundant side branches, which will look messy. It needs proper pruning to grow into a better tree shape. At the beginning of pruning, keep the main branches, and then promote the growth of the later branches.
The methods of black tartarian cherry trees pruning are different in each season. In the pruning stage in spring, it is mainly to erase some newly sprouted branches, leaves and flower buds. There will be more new sprouts, and we can keep those strong sprouts, and then do a good job in cultivation, which can be picked reasonably. In some places, spring is the season for cherry ripening, so we should do some work of black tartarian cherry trees pruning, so as to minimize the consumption of nutrients, so it should be completed reasonably.
In spring, we can conduct flower and fruit thinning properly for black tartarian cherry trees pruning, but do not prune seriously to avoid the problem of cherry tree injury and affect the subsequent results. When pruning, special personnel are required, not casual people can prune. If the wrong pruning will directly affect the final yield, and may also affect the growth of the tree.
Black Tartarian Cherry Trees Repotting
The best time for black tartarian cherry trees repotting is autumn. The drought in spring increases the difficulty of water management after transplanting, which is easy to cause dead seedlings and slow growth. It's rainy in summer. Cherry trees don't like much water. Transplanting at this time is easy to lead to root rot. We should water frequently during black tartarian cherry trees repotting in autumn, but don't pour too much, just keep the soil moist.
Black Tartarian Cherry Trees Pest & Disease Control
Black knot disease
Black knot disease is a major disease of the whole peach tree. This black tartarian cherry trees disease is a fungus that can invade twigs, short fruit branches, trunks and branches. It is usually a mild tumor (nodule) and grows until it ruptures. After infected with black knot disease, the twigs will soon be necrotic, and the old branches will survive for three to four years. If the disease is not treated, the whole tree will eventually die.
Silver leaf disease
Silver leaf disease is a fungus that makes leaves silvery. The initial condition of silver leaf disease is characterized by dead branches and dead branches. The silvery leaves began to appear brown patches on the leaf surface and edge. This black tartarian cherry trees disease can cause the death of the whole tree. As long as you cut down a branch more than an inch thick, you can quickly diagnose whether cherry trees have silver leaf disease. After wetting the branches, check if brown patches can be found. Through pruning and pruning, the control of silver leaf disease can be realized, and the branches can finally recover their health. The trimmed cross section is sealed with sealing wax. Finally, burn all the diseased branches and leaves.
This black tartarian cherry trees disease
is caused by fungi, which can damage leaves and branches and form white spots on leaves. Diseased leaves curl and fall earlier than expected. High humidity and rainwater provide ideal hotbeds for the high incidence rate of powdery mildew. Spraying fungicides helps to control powdery mildew. Regular pruning of branches and leaves also plays a role in disease control.
Cherry leaf spot
This black tartarian cherry trees disease is another disease caused by fungi, infecting leaves, branches and trunks. Humidity and rain are conducive to the spread of the disease. After the disease, black spots appear on the leaves, or white spots appear under the green leaves, and then turn yellow and wither. Burning diseased leaves in one place can prevent the spread of black tartarian cherry trees leaf spot. Spraying fungicides can also play a role in controlling defense.
Black Tartarian Cherry Trees Propagation
Black Tartarian Cherry Trees Propagation from Cutting
When we are in the black tartarian cherry trees propagation by cuttings
, we'd better choose annual semi-lignified branches. Such branches have better activity and are easier to survive after cutting. When selecting branches, do not select too fine branches. Such branches are not very strong in nutrients and moisture. Black tartarian cherry trees are prone to death after cutting propagation. We should ensure that the black tartarian cherry trees cutting propagation can take root in the substrate with good drainage and keep the substrate slightly wet.
Black Tartarian Cherry Trees Propagation from Seed
Before the black tartarian cherry trees propagation by seeds
, we must properly extract it, because the seeds of black tartarian cherry trees taken out directly cannot be planted directly, because its outer layer still has a relatively hard shell, and it is difficult to germinate if this shell is not removed, So when we eat black tartarian cherry, we usually collect its seeds, wash them with water, and then dry them in the sun. After drying, we have to open its shell with a hard object, and then remove it.
After removing the shell, cherry seeds should be soaked in clean water. When soaking, the water temperature should be kept at about 20 degrees and the soaking time should be more than 24 hours. The soaked black tartarian cherry seeds can be put in a warm and humid environment for germination treatment, or wrapped with a wet towel and placed in a warm place in the house. After 5 ~ 7 days, See if it sprouts.
Cherry seeds should be prepared with an appropriate amount of nutrient soil during germination. They like loose, fertile and slightly acidic soil with good air permeability. After putting it directly in the flower pot, put an appropriate amount of compost and pour enough water. Wait for cherry seeds. Although they are successfully taken out and directly buried in the soil, the seeds cannot overlap when buried.
After the seeds of black tartarian cherry are buried in the soil, they should be watered in time and placed in a warm environment. They should be watered once a day to keep the soil moist. After about 7 ~ 10 days, black tartarian cherry can grow seedlings. If it continues to be cultured for more than ten days, it can be moved to a suitable environment for cultivation.
Black Tartarian Cherry Trees Benefits
Black tartarian cherry is rich in iron, which can replenish blood. It is a good tonic for patients with anemia. It can not only improve the blood circulation ability of the human body, but also improve the body's immunity. Black tartarian cherry also has anti-inflammatory effect. If you have the symptoms of a cold, you can achieve the anti-inflammatory effect by eating more black tartarian cherry. At the same time, black tartarian cherry contains a large amount of vitamin C, which has a good whitening and beauty function. Regular consumption of black tartarian cherry can make the skin look tender, white and shiny.
Black tartarian cherry can treat human anemia. It contains a large amount of anthocyanins, which can improve human immune ability. Black tartarian cherry also contains a large amount of trace element iron. After these substances enter the human body, they can improve the activity of red blood cells, enhance human hematopoietic ability, and have a good therapeutic effect on human anemia.
Is Black Tartarian Cherry Trees cherry trees self pollinating?Black Tartarian Cherry Trees are not self-pollinating.
Usually, before the black tartarian cherry trees bloom, the pollen of other varieties should be collected first, and pollination can be carried out after the flowering period. We can prepare a brush, dip it in pollen, and then point it on the stigma, so as to complete pollination. Pollination can improve the fruit setting rate and make the plant bear more fruits. At the same time, pay attention to the weather before pollination. If it rains within two hours after pollination, it needs to be re pollinated.Read Next:8 Best Winter Fruits and Their Benefit19 Best Healthy Fruits That Can Improve Your ImmuneHow to Grow and Care for Muscadine Grapes?