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Are There Different Varieties of Maidenhair Ferns?

Written by Ivy

Dec 23 2021

Are There Different Varieties of Maidenhair Ferns?
Except that maidenhair fern cannot be seen in the Antarctic, Arctic and various desert areas, maidenhair fern can be seen all over the world. Of course, all kinds of horticultural ornamental varieties can only be purchased in the flower market or online. Common maidenhair fern varieties on the market include Adiantum caudatum, Adiantum macrophyllum, Adiantum tapeziforme, Adiantum venustum, etc. Their growth environment is slightly different. For example, Adiantum caudatum grows some new plants on its leaf tips. It generally grows in the shade and likes a semi shady environment, while Adiantum tapeziforme likes to have as much light as possible or keep in an environment with semi sunshine. It can grow well only by properly shading at noon and avoiding strong light.

1. Adiantum caudatum

Are There Different Varieties of Maidenhair Ferns
Adiantum caudatum is generally used as medicine and rarely used for viewing.

2. Adiantum macrophyllum

Are There Different Varieties of Maidenhair Ferns
Adiantum macrophyllum has horticultural value. Its young leaves turn red and slowly turn pink and emerald green. The price is expensive.

3. Adiantum trapeziforme

Are There Different Varieties of Maidenhair Ferns
Adiantum tapeziforme is a maidenhair fern native to the tropical rain forests of central and South America. Its leaves are arranged like a ladder.

4. Adiantum hispidulum

Are There Different Varieties of Maidenhair Ferns
Adiantum hispidulum is distributed near the tropics and has excellent negative tolerance. This kind of maidenhair fern is very suitable as a greening plant and has horticultural and ornamental value. It originally grew on the limestone beside the stream, the bottom of the limestone cave and the dripping rock wall, and likes weakly alkaline soil.
Read more:
What Is The Best Soil For Maidenhair Fern?

5. Adiantum venustum

Are There Different Varieties of Maidenhair Ferns
Adiantum venustum grows at high altitude. Maidenhair fern grows on dry rocks and has beautiful green leaves. It can be used as a shade plant in stone garden.

6. Adiantum raddianum

Are There Different Varieties of Maidenhair Ferns
Adiantum raddianum is a kind of Adiantum species native to the tropical rain forest in Brazil. adiantum raddianum has strong environmental adaptability. It is now very popular all over the world. It is also the most common Adiantum species in the market. It is easy to buy. It needs a high humidity, warm, moist and windy environment (more than 10 degrees).

7. Adiantum raddianum 'Variegata'

Adiantum raddianum 'variegata' is a kind of Adiantum fern with white spotted brocade. The price of this kind of maidenhair fern must be very expensive and may not be available. Even if it can be purchased, it is very difficult and uneconomical to maintain.

8. Adiantum philippense

The leaves of Adiantum philippen are like irregular teeth. They look exquisite and lovely, but they are rarely seen.

9. Adiantum pedatum

Adiantum pedatum is a near dangerous plant and can be used as medicine. It must not be excavated in the wild.

10. Adiantum jordanii 

Are There Different Varieties of Maidenhair Ferns
Adiantum jordanii is a kind of Adiantum species in North America. It can be seen in the local botanical garden and looks lovely.

11. Adiantum peruvianum

Are There Different Varieties of Maidenhair Ferns
The new leaves of Adiantum peruvianum are brownish gray and slowly turn light yellow. The leaves are lovely and have horticultural value.

12. Adiantum reniforme

Are There Different Varieties of Maidenhair Ferns
Because some people advocate the medicinal function of Adiantum reniforme, it has been over excavated. adiantum reniforme has become an endangered plant. Wild Adiantum reniforme must not be excavated. Adiantum reniforme is the most primitive type of adiantulaceae. It has been found in the Asian continent. Due to road construction and excavation for medicinal purposes, it is now rare and endangered.
At present, the number of Adiantum reniforme is extremely rare. This kind of maidenhair fern has high horticultural ornamental value. Therefore, some horticulturists are also developing its horticultural ornamental value, but it still needs to be protected, which is difficult to maintain and expensive.

Precautions for purchasing Adiantum reniforme

Now there are many varieties of maidenhair fern on the market. Some of their leaves are wavy, some of them grow very fine, and some of them have large leaves. The prices are relatively cheap. If you buy it in the Flower market, the price of maidenhair fern may be more expensive, but it will generally be in a better state.
If you buy maidenhair fern online, the status may be different when you receive it, because maidenhair fern often needs water. If it goes through long-distance transportation, the status will become very poor, but as long as there is a suitable environment, they will also recover quickly.