Written by Maggie
Jan 08 2021
The Yulan magnolia, also called Magnolia denudata, tree height is 17 ~ 20m, the bark is gray, the crown is broad ovate. Leaves are alternate, thinly leathery, long elliptic or lanceolate elliptic, entirely. Flowers are axillary, white, 3-4cm long, very fragrant, flowering May - September, much flimsiness. Yulan magnolia is originally produced in Java, Indonesia, China Guangdong, Hainan, Guangxi, Yunnan, Fujian, Taiwan and southern Zhejiang open cultivation, other areas are in the protection of winter.
Yulan Magnolia is an evergreen tree, up to 17 meters high, with spreading branches and a broad umbrella crown; The diameter is up to 50 cm at breast height; The bark is gray; Rubbing the branches and leaves is sweet; Branches and buds are densely covered with yellowish-white puberulent hairs, shedding gradually when old.
Leaves of Yulan Magnolia are thinly leathery, oblong or lanceolate oblong, 10 -- 27 cm long and 4 -- 9.5 cm wide, apex long acuminate or caudate acuminate, base cuneate, glabrous above, sparsely puberulent below, reticulated veins visible on both sides when dry; The petiole is 1.5-2 cm long, sparsely puberulent. Stipules reach to the middle of the petiole.
The flowers of Yulan Magnolia are white and very fragrant; Yulan Magnolia has 10 perianth segments, lanceolate, 3 -- 4 cm long, 3 -- 5 mm wide; Stamen septum protruding long acuminate; Pistils are slightly pubescent, the stalks are about 4 mm long, carpels are numerous, usually part is not developed, with the extension of receptacle at maturity, the formation of follicles sparse aggregation fruit; Follicles str bright red. Flowering period is from April to September, summer bloom, usually not fruiting.
Being fond of sufficient light, smooth ventilation, moist and warm environment is the most conducive to the growth of the orchid, the soil is the best choice of fertile, loose and good drainage of micro-acid soil.
High temperature and strong light are easy to have adverse effects on the growth of Yulan Magnolia, and the cold resistance is poor, water and typhoon will cause different degrees of harm to it; Also avoid flue gas (sulfur dioxide, chlorine, etc.), overall resistance is not strong.
Yulan Magnolia likes warm, moist, well ventilated and full of sunshine. It is afraid of cold and dampness. She does not like shade or sun burn.
Watering is the key to keeping Yulan Magnolia well, but because of the quality of the root system, it is afraid of water, and can not tolerate dryness. In spring out of the house, poure permeable 1 time, after the next day pouring 1 permeable; In summer morning and evening each 1 times, day spray foliar water when it is too dry; Water once every 2-3 days in autumn; In winter water as long as the basin soil slightly wet; Pour away the standing water promptly after rain. Apply thin fertilizer with cake fertilizer as well, no fertilization in winter. After the start of pumping new buds to June, fertilize every 3-4 days.
Yulan Magnolia likes good drainage, rich in humus, loose, slightly acidic sandy soil.Usually 2-3 years change the basin 1 time. After grain rain changes, the basin is better, and adds loose fertilizer soil. Yulan Magnolia is not cold-resistant, in addition to South China, other areas are to enter the room in winter maintenance. The lowest room temperature should be maintained above 5℃
Layering and grafting are often used for propagation. When layering, using high-altitude layering in June or July, keeping wet, and rooting after about 2 months. The branches of Yulan Magnolia with the same thickness as the rootstock were selected in the plum and rain season. The branches healed within 60-70 days after grafting, and then were cut off from the mother plant to form seedlings.
Yulan Magnolia can be propagated by grafting, layering, cuttings, sowing, etc., but grafting and layering are the two most commonly used methods.
Appearance: Yulan Magnolia is an ornamental Flower with a straight and upright plant with neat branches. In the south, it is generally cultivated in courtyards and widely used in gardens. In the north, it is potted and placed in the courtyard, hall and meeting room of the home as decoration. Small and medium-sized plants can also be placed in the living room and study.
Medicinal value: the whole bead can be used in medicine, chronic bronchitis, prostatitis and fatigue cough and other diseases have a good therapeutic effect.
Other values: In addition, smoking scented tea and making spices are very practical uses of Yulan Magnolia. Yulan Magnolia itself has a strong fragrance, and the tea prepared is also mellow in taste, bright in color, good in appearance and taste. Yulan Magnolia has a unique role in beautifying the environment, purifying the air and perfuming the room because it contains aromatic volatile oil, bactericidal elements and antioxidants. Extracted essential oil, can also be used in beauty, diet and medical treatment and other aspects.
Pure love and sincere friendship.