Sophora japonica Linn profile

Written by Maggie

Jan 26 2021

Sophora japonica Linn profile

Sophora japonica Linn is often planted near houses and roads. It is widely cultivated in various parts of China, mainly in the north, in the Loess Plateau and North China Plain. Sophora japonica Linn usually blooms in April and May each year, and the flowering period is generally about 10-15 days.

Sophora japonica Linn picture

Sophora japonica Linn

Morphological characteristics of Sophora japonica Linn

Sophora japonica Linn is shrunken and curled, with many scattered petals. The intact calyx is bell-shaped, yellow-green, and 5 lobed at the apex; 5 petals, yellow or yellow-white, 1 large, nearly round, slightly concave at the apex, and 4 oblong. There are 10 stamens, 9 of which are connected at the base, and the filaments are slender. The pistil is cylindrical and curved. Light body. Slight smell, slightly bitter taste.

Sophora japonica Linn has multiple flowers, racemes and butterfly-shaped corollas, which form clusters in full bloom and overhang. The small flowers of sophora japonica linn are mostly shrunken and curled, and the petals are scattered. The intact calyx is bell-shaped, yellow-green, and the apex is 5 lobed. Petals 5 are more common in yellow or yellow-white, and there are other colors such as purple (see picture), usually 1 piece Larger, nearly round, slightly concave at the apex, and the remaining 4 oblong; stamens 10, 9 of which are united at the base, and the filaments are slender. The pistils are cylindrical and curved.

Sophora japonica Linn is a deciduous tree with a height of 8-20m. The bark is gray-brown, with irregular longitudinal cracks, the inner bark is bright yellow, with a foul smell; the twigs are dark green-brown, nearly smooth or with short hairs, with obvious lenticels. Odd current compound leaves, alternate, 15-25cm long. Sophora japonica Linn leaf shafts are hairy, base swollen; leaflets 7-15, stalk about 2mm long, densely white pubescent; stipules sickle-shaped, early fall; leaflets oblong ovoid Shape, 2.5-7.5cm long, 1.5-3cm wide, apex acuminate with slender pointed tip, broadly wedge-shaped base, entire. Sophora japonica Linn upper surface is green, slightly shiny, and eugenic white short hair on the back. The panicle is terminal, 15-30cm long; the calyx is bell-shaped, 5-lobed; the corolla butterfly-shaped, milky white, the flag petals are broad heart-shaped, with short claws. The veins are slightly purple, and the wings and keel petals are rectangular; stamens 10, Separate, unequal length; cylindrical in room, with slender hairs, curved style. The Sophora japonica Linn pod is fleshy, beaded, 2.5-5cm long, yellow-green, glabrous, non-cracking, and very narrow between the seeds. Seeds 1-6, is kidney-shaped, dark brown. Sophora japonica Linn flowering period is from April to May, fruit period from October to November.

Sophora japonica Linn growth environment

Sophora japonica Linn is a temperate tree species. It likes light, dry and cold weather, but it can grow in high temperature and humidity in South China. Requires deep, well-drained soil, calcareous soil, neutral soil and acidic soil can grow, but grows poorly in dry and barren low-lying places. Sophora japonica Linn can withstand smoke and dust and adapt to the urban environment. Deep-rooted, weak germination, medium growth, and long life span.

Sophora japonica Linn

Sophora japonica Linn distribution range

Sophora japonica Linn is native to northern China, especially in the Loess Plateau and the Northeast and North China Plains. Sophora japonica Linn is commonly cultivated throughout the north and south of my country. Japan, North Korea and Vietnam are also distributed.

Sophora japonica Linn main value

Therapeutic value

In rural areas, Sophora japonica Linn can be used as medicine and has a detoxification effect. It can also be wrapped into Sophora japonica Linn rice. Not only that, but also into Sophora japonica Linn buns, Sophora japonica Linn dumplings, Sophora japonica Linn pancakes, Sophora japonica Linn Scrambled eggs, Sophora japonica Linn porridge.

Medicinal value

Sophora japonica Linn has a bitter taste, flat nature, non-toxic, and has the effects of clearing heat, cooling blood, hemostasis, and lowering blood pressure. Sophora japonica Linn has a significant effect on vomiting blood, hematuria, hemorrhoids bleeding, wind-heat, red eyes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, cervical tuberculosis, vascular sclerosis, blood in the stool, diabetes, retinitis, psoriasis, etc.. Sophora japonica Linn can also deworm , Cure pharyngitis. Sophora japonica can enhance the resistance of capillaries, reduce blood vessel permeability, and restore the elasticity of fragile blood vessels, thereby lowering blood lipids and preventing vascular sclerosis.

Sophora japonica Linn