Gypsophila is a perennial herb of the Caryophyllaceae family and the genus Stone Flower. Its roots are strong. The stem is solitary, erect, and much branched. The leaf blades are lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, the top is gradually pointed, and the midrib is obvious. The paniculate cyme is multi-branched, and the flowers are small and many. The pedicel of the gypsophila is slender, the bracts are triangular, the calyx is broadly bell-shaped, the petals are white or light red, and the spoon-shaped. The capsule is spherical, with small seeds and round. The flowering period of gypsophila is generally from June to August, and the fruiting period is from August to September.
Gypsophila is produced in Asia, China, Russia, Mongolia; Europe; North America.
This kind of flower type has beautiful colors and is widely used in fresh cut flowers. It is a commonly used flower arrangement material and has high ornamental value. Its roots and stems can be used for medicinal purposes.
Gypsophila morphological characteristics
Gypsophila is a perennial herb, 30-80 cm high. The root is strong. The stem is solitary, sparsely clustered, erect, multi-branched, glabrous or glandular-hairy. Its leaf blade is lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, 2-5 cm long and 2.5-7 mm wide, with an acuminate tip and conspicuous midrib.
The cone-shaped cymes of gypsophila are branched, scattered, and the flowers are small and numerous. The pedicel is slender, 2-6 mm long, glabrous; bracts of gypsophila are triangular, acutely pointed; the calyx is broadly bell-shaped, 1.5-2 mm long, with purple broad veins, calyx teeth ovate, rounded, white, and membranous. The petals of Gypsophila paniculata are white or light red, spoon-shaped, about 3 mm long and 1 mm wide, with truncated or blunt top. Filaments are flat linear, nearly as long as the petals, and the anthers are round. The ovary of gypsophila is ovoid, about 1 mm in diameter, and the style is slender.
Gypsophila efficacy and role
The ornamental value of gypsophila
The gypsophila is one of the cut flowers, and its consumption ranks second in fresh cut flowers in Japan. Its white flowers are slightly scented and beautiful and are commonly used flower arrangement materials.
The medicinal value of gypsophila
The roots and stems of gypsophila can be used for medicinal purposes. It is a diuretic, relieves phlegm and relieves cough. It can also be used for acute jaundice hepatitis, acute nephritis, pertussis, urinary tract stones, athlete's foot, herpes zoster, and conjunctivitis.
Gypsophila growth habit and growing environment and distribution
Gypsophila is born in river beaches, grasslands, fixed dunes, rocky hillsides and farmland at an altitude of 1100-1500 meters. This species has strong vitality and takes root quickly. It is suitable to grow in a sunny environment and loose, fertile, well-drained slightly alkaline sandy loam. The soil is required to be loose, rich in organic matter, moderate water content, and pH 7 or so.
Gypsophila is mainly distributed in China (the Altai Mountains in Xinjiang, Taxkorgan), Kazakhstan, Russia (Siberia), Mongolia (West), Europe (West, Central and East) and North America.
Gypsophila can be reproduced by cuttings. From the end of August to late April of the next year, from the sturdy gypsophila mother plant when the flower stems are not elongated, the ones with 4-5 knots on the leaves Use lateral buds as cuttings, remove 2-3 pairs of leaves at the base, and leave 3-4 pairs of leaves on the upper part. You’d better use indolebutyric acid with a concentration of 500 parts per million to quickly dip the cuttings in 1:1 perlite and rice husk smoked soil. Cuttings on the seedbed of the substrate. The row spacing of gypsophila is 3×3 cm. After cutting, it should be properly shaded, with a shading degree of 30%-50%, and frequent spraying is required to maintain the high air humidity. The temperature is generally maintained at about 20°C, and roots can take place in 25-30 days.