Multiflora rose profile

Written by Maggie

Aug 31 2021

Multiflora rose profile

Multiflora Rose, also known as Rosa multiflora, is a deciduous shrub. Multiflora Rose is an erect, climbing, or trailing plant of the genus Rosa, having usually prickly stems, alternate leaves, and an odd number of pinnately compound leaves, found chiefly in temperate, subtropical, and mountainous regions of the Northern Hemisphere.

Multiflora Rose is a kind of small flower that climbs on vines and fences. The flower disk surrounds the mouth of the calyx. There are single petals and double petals in different colors, including red, pink, white and yellow.

Multiflora Rose picture

Multiflora Rose
Multiflora rose is one of the most beautiful roses in the world

Morphological features of Multiflora Rose

The plant is fascicular, branchlets are slender, curved, spiny; Leaves are intergrowth, pinnate compound leaves odd number, leaflets 5~9, obovate or elliptic, apex taperate, leaf edge has sharp serrate, back, front are pubescent, leaf axis, petiole also have pubescent or glandular hair;Many flowers fascicled into a conical corymbus, stems 2 to 3 cm, about 5 petals, apex concave, red, white, pink, yellow, purple, black and other colors;Fruit reddish-brown or purplish brown, subglobose, smooth glabrous.

Habitat distribution of Multiflora Rose

Most of the Multiflora Roses (Rosa multiflora) are born in shrubs along roads, fields or hilly areas. They are distributed in Shandong, Henan, Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Hunan, Hubei, Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Xinjiang and other places.Mainly produced in Zhejiang, Jiangsu and other places

Multiflora rose habits 

Multiflora Rose (Rosa multiflora) likes sunshine, is also tolerant to half shade, and is hardy to cold. In most areas of northern China, it can overwinter on the ground.

Multiflora rose is not strict to soil requirement, be able to bear drought, be able to bear barren, but grow in soil layer deep, loose, fertile moist and in the soil with smooth drainage is better, also can grow normally on sticky heavy soil. Multiflora Rose is not resistant to water moisture, avoid water. When the new plant transplants, the decayed organic fertilizer should be applied.

In the first year or two after the frost planting of Multiflora Rose, a basal fertilizer can be applied in late autumn every year to facilitate growth and flowering. Multiflora Rose has a strong tillering ability, resistant to pruning and pollution. As a result of the global warming caused by the greenhouse effect, Multiflora rose in some places began to bloom in April, or even in March.

Multiflora Rose

Growing methods of Multiflora Rose

1. Slightly acidic soil

In the growing method of Multiflora Rose (Rosa multiflora), the first choice is to use the slightly acidic soil with good drainage and air permeability. The soil with suitable conditions can be mixed with garden soil, leaf rot soil and rice chaff ash according to the mixture ratio of 5:3:2. If conditions permit, basic fertilizer can be added to the soil to increase the nutrients of the soil.

2. Fertilize regularly

Multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora) is a kind of fertilizer loving plant. It needs to be applied 12 times in March every year with liquid fertilizer, which mainly contains nitrogen, to promote the growth of branches and leaves. Fertilizer with the main content of phosphorus and potassium can be applied 2 ~ 3 times a month from April to May to promote flower bud flowering. After the flowering period, we need to apply rejuvenation and fertilizer again to ensure the normal growth of Multiflora rose.

3. Reasonable watering

Watering to follow the principle of fear of wet avoid waterlogging, in Multiflora rose from seedlings to bloom before watering to ensure that the soil surface moisture. Do not appear waterlogging phenomenon. After the flowering period it should be timely watering according to the actual growth environment, and in the rainy season we should pay attention to timely drainage, to avoid water.

4. Prevention of disease

The common disease of Multiflora rose is infectious disease, which is infected by fungus. When the disease appears, Bordeaux and methyl tobutin solutions are used for spraying treatment. In peacetime cultivation, appropriate amounts of phosphate and potassium fertilizer can be added to increase the resistance effect of Multiflora rose.

5. Timely trim

Because Multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora) has strong growth ability and sprouts grow out in the growing season, it is necessary to prune its over-long branches in the growing season, and the length of 2-5cm can be pruned to ensure that the interior of Multiflora rose plant can be exposed to sunlight and ventilation.

The flower value of Multiflora Rose

1, Multiflora Rose, fragrant and elegant, decorate the flower wall, flower shelf, flower profile, pool slope in the sun shine bright, more elegant and noble.

2, Multiflora rose is often used for grafting rootstock, can improve the survival rate of rose, and make the growth of the rose more vigorous, more colorful.

3. The aromatic oil and essence extracted from Multiflora Rose, mixed with water and then heated, can emit a light fragrance, which has a good effect on mood regulation and fatigue relief.

4. The seeds and roots of Multiflora Rose have the functions of relieving heat, regulating stomach, hemostasis, clearing away heat and detoxification. The flower can be cooked with mung bean, rock sugar, japonica rice porridge, has the effect of cooling blood, clearing heat and relieving heat.

Multiflora Rose