Written by Maggie
Feb 02 2021
Golden barrel cactus, scientific name Echinocactus grusonii, is a perennial herbaceous pulpy plant in the genus Golden Barrel Cactus. Golden barrel cactus stem is globose, fleshy. Plant spherules are up to 1.3 m tall. The spherules of Golden barrel cactus (Echinocactus grusonii) have broad and deep ridges, a very neat arrangement. Golden Barrel Cactus is a representative species of the strong Barrel Cactus with a round green ball and Golden spines. Potted plants can grow into regular large specimen balls, embellish the hall, more resplendent, for indoor potted plants in the best product.
Stems of Golden barrel cactus (Echinocactus grusonii) are globose, solitary or tuft, 1.3 m tall, 80 cm or greater in diameter. The top of the ball is densely covered with golden wool. There are edges 21-37, significant. The spines of Golden barrel cactus (Echinocactus grusonii) are large, dense stiff spines, golden yellow spines, Browning later, with radiating spines 8-10, 3 cm long, middle spines 3-5, thicker, slightly curved, 5 cm long. Peanuts of Golden barrel cactus are in a clump of woolens apically, campanulate, 4-6 cm, yellow, Flower tubes apically scaly.
Golden barrel cactus (Echinocactus grusonii) likes sunshine, like fertile, permeable good sandy loam. Summer hot periods should be appropriate shade, to prevent the ball from burning strongly. Cultivation sandy loam: it can be used equal amounts of coarse sand, loam, leaf rot soil and a small amount of old wall ash mixed preparation. The requirement is full of sunshine, but the summer can still be properly shaded. Overwintering temperature to maintain 8-10 degrees Celsius, dry requirements. Golden barrel cactus grows faster in fertile soil and good air circulation.
Sowing propagation of Golden barrel cactus (Echinocactus grusonii) is in spring to autumn.
OK, with the seeds harvested in those days the emergence rate is high. After 30 to 40 days of germination, the seedlings have the size of rice grains or mung beans, which can be transplanted or grafted on the stock for growth.
The seedlings cultivated for more than 3 months will be grafted on a tender measuring ruler to accelerate the growth. When the scion of the Golden barrel cactus grows to a certain size, it can be cut, dry the wound and then the cuttage is potted. In a good environment of fertile soil and good air circulation, seedlings of Golden barrel cactus without grafting can grow very quickly. The seedling or grafted ball after the pot should be placed in a semi-shady place, avoid direct sunlight, 7-10 days after the ball does not atrophy will survive.
How can we grow the Golden Barrel Cactus (Echinocactus grusonii) beautiful throughout the year? The Golden Barrel Cactus loves warmth by nature, and temperature is important for its growth. The suitable temperature for the growth of Golden Barrel Cactus is about 25℃ in the daytime and 10 ~ 13℃ at night. The suitable temperature difference between day and night is conducive to the rapid growth of Golden Barrel Cactus. We need to pay attention to avoid high temperature in summer, winter is to avoid cold, high temperature will make the cactus ball grow quickly, affect the beauty, the temperature is too low will make the ball on the ugly yellow spot.
Golden Barrel Cactus (Echinocactus grusonii) likes to get at least six hours of direct sunlight a day. But in the summer when the sun is strong and the temperature is rising, we also need to take care to shade the Golden Barrel Cactus in time to avoid the strong sun damaging the ball. We usually choose to photosynthesize the Golden Barrel Cactus in the sun before 10 a.m. and after 5 p.m.
Golden Barrel Cactus (Echinocactus grusonii) is tolerant of drought and likes moist air. In spring and autumn, cactus is in its growing season, so we need to give it plenty of water, usually once a week. Summer and winter in the dormant period, we need to moderate watering, generally once half a month. Among them 4 ~ 6 months is the growth flourishing period, need morning and evening each watering once.Fertilizer attention in its spring and autumn growth period a week of fertilization, combined with watering applied to contain nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and other components of the thin fertilizer liquid.Summer and winter two seasons do not fertilize, 5 ~ 6 months can be applied every 4 ~ 5 days a slightly concentrated fertilizer.
Golden Barrel Cactus (Echinocactus grusonii) also needs to be nursed at the same time as the planting time, usually once a year or every other year. To turn the pot, we need to prepare a new pot and culture soil, then remove the ball from the old pot, cut off the dead roots and rotten leaves on the ball, dry it and then put it into the new pot for planting.
Sometimes Golden barrel (Echinocactus grusonii) cactus occurs burning disease, and it can be used 50% tobujin wettable powder 500 times the liquid spray. In summer, due to humidity, heat and poor ventilation, red spider, scale insect and mealthopper are vulnerable to diseases and insects. Therefore, prevention and control should be strengthened. Red spider with 40% diogo or 90% trichlorfon 1000-1500 times liquid spray control.When scale insects and mealworms are found to be harmful, they can be eliminated manually.
Golden Barrel Cactus (Echinocactus grusonii) has a long life and is easy to grow. Golden Barrel Cactus is of high ornamental value because of its strong and splendid flowers. And the volume is small, occupies less space, and the city family afforestation is a very ideal ornamental plant.