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Dwarf chin cactus profile

Written by Maggie

Feb 02 2021

Dwarf chin cactus profile

Dwarf chin cactus, scientific name Gymnocalycium baldianum, a plant of the genus Nocalyx in the family Cactus of the order Caryophyllus. The plant is native to the eastern slopes of the Argentine Andes. Dwarf chin cactus plants are oblate, dark green skin, spiculate, each spiculate with 5 gray peripheral thorns. Peanuts are on the top of the globe, summer flowers, color of white, pink, deep red and so on;Fruit is fusiform, dark grayish green, seeds black. Dwarf chin cactus likes sunshine, tolerant of short time half shade, not high requirements on soil, drought resistance, flowering period needs appropriate moisture to supply bud, winter cold resistance.

Dwarf chin cactus picture

Dwarf chin cactus

Morphological characteristics of dwarf chin cactus

Dwarf chin Cactus (Gymnocalycium baldianum) belongs to the cactus genus, oblate globose, up to about 10cm in diameter, ribs 8-16, spines aciculate, with 5 circumferent spines in each spinnacle, gray; The spines of dwarf chin cactus have 1, slightly thick, bony or brown, up to 1.5cm. Flowers of Dwarf chin cactus are terminal, 3 -- 5cm in length and diameter, white, red, or rose-red. Fruit is fusiform, dark grayish green.

Growth habits of dwarf chin cactus

Dwarf chin cactus (Gymnocalycium baldianum) has a strong habit, like the sun, but also can tolerate a short period of semi-shade. Dwarf chin cactus (Gymnocalycium baldianum) has low demand on soil, drought tolerance, flowering requires adequate water supply to flower buds. Dwarf chin cactus (Gymnocalycium baldianum) is cold resistant in winter. Dwarf chin cactus is pleasant to warm, dry and sunshine, short - term half shade, avoid long-term lack of light, drought resistance, avoid water, cold resistance.It has the habit of growing in warm season and dormant in cold season, and is the "summer type species" in succulent plants. In the growing period from spring to autumn, if placed in a place with sufficient light, the football will grow futilely and the flower buds will not open. In summer, the sun should be properly shaded to avoid burning the surface of the ball.Watering master "do not pour, pouring is pouring through", pay attention to drainage in the rainy season.Pay attention to good ventilation, avoid hot, humid weather.

Dwarf chin cactus origin of habitat

Dwarf chin cactus (Gymnocalycium baldianum) is native to the eastern slope of the Andes Mountains in Argentina. It has a high altitude and is cold in winter. Dwarf chin cactus likes to be warm, dry and sunny in winter, and is resistant to short term semi-shade and long term insufficient sunlight.

Propagation method of dwarf chin cactus

Seed propagation

Two pots of Dwarf chin cactus (Gymnocalycium baldianum) are artificially pollinated. When the Dwarf chin cactus is in full bloom, all the flowers inside the Dwarf chin cactus are exposed. After a few brush strokes, the seeds are cross-pollinated. After about a month the seed pods burst and are ready for picking. The flesh of the fruit is dug out with the seeds, and after drying, the flesh shrinks, so that the seeds can be collected. It is recommended to sow in autumn and spring. During the Dwarf chin cactus growth of young seedlings, the main heat preservation and moisture should be kept, and a certain amount of light should be kept to prevent futility. When the temperature is too low in winter, we should take measures to keep out the cold, and when the temperature is too high in summer, we should pay attention to the prevention and control of insolation and drought.

Ball propagation

To propagate with pellets, select sturdy, large Dwarf Chin cactus (Gymnocalycium baldianum) pups in dark green. The pellets are cut with a knife, and the wound is dried for at least a week before the cut touches the sandy soil. Some flower friends will break off the ball by hand, this small series is not recommended, because it is easy to cause harm to the mother Dwarf chin cactus, it is best to cut with a knife.

Dwarf chin cactus

The growing methods of dwarf chin cactus

Dwarf chin cactus (Gymnocalycium baldianum) is hardy and has strong habits. Dwarf chin cactus likes to be basked in the sun and can tolerate semi-shade for a short time. Dwarf chin cactus also does not require much soil, so it is easy to feed. When growing Dwarf Chin cactus, a warm, dry and sunny environment should be created for it, and timely watering should be provided. In winter, Dwarf chin cactus should be protected from cold, and in summer, it should be properly shaded and ventilated in time to avoid humidity and heat.

Ridging

When I first started growing Dwarf chin cactus (Gymnocalycium baldianum), I used a cinder. Good air permeability but no nutrition, not much flowering, the results of repeated failures, from which lessons can be learned. Dwarf chin cactus has a strong habit, but that doesn't mean it doesn't like fat. Another is that it likes alkaline soil.Its cultivated soil for river sand + bone powder + garden soil

Water

Dwarf Chin Cactus does not like water. Watering can easily lead to rot. Spray once a week, but if the air is wet, do not spray.Watering depends on the geographical location and climate, to the actual situation, watering needs to be careful.

Light

Although Dwarf chin cactus (Gymnocalycium baldianum) love light, they need to be shaded in the summer, otherwise their appearance will deteriorate and the lack of light will cause them to grow short

Take root

Cut off bad and diseased roots of Dwarf chin cactus (Gymnocalycium baldianum) every year to help it grow healthily

Basin

The flowerpot for Dwarf chin cactus (Gymnocalycium baldianum) should have good air permeability, such as the mud pot or earthen pot, and that is, the ball ball is about to change the pot when it grows up

The main value of dwarf chin cactus

Dwarf Chin cactus (Gymnocalycium baldianum) has a regular ball, a moderate size, and is easy to flower. Dwarf chin cactus (Gymnocalycium baldianum) is rich and bright in color, and has fewer pests and diseases, so it is easy to maintain. Dwarf chin cactus (Gymnocalycium baldianum) is suitable for family cultivation and appreciation, displayed in the balcony, windowsill or courtyard, has a very good decorative effect, and can also be planted in the greenhouse layout of desert plant landscape.

Dwarf chin cactus