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Dark Opal Basil (Ocimum basilicum) Profile

Written by Iris

Aug 02 2021

Dark Opal Basil (Ocimum basilicum) Profile

Dark opal basil plants are uniform in appearance, with leaves of medium size, averaging 3 to 7 cm in length, oval tapering to a distinct point off the stem. The leaves are smooth, with well-defined veined and serrated edges forming a wrinkled texture and variegated hues of deep purple, Burgundy and green. It is important to note that the colour of the basil may deepen as it matures.

Dark Opal Basil  Picture

Dark-Opal-Basil

Dark Opal Basil  info

Botanical Name Ocimum basilicum 'Dark Opal'
Common Name Dark Opal Basil Plant
Plant Type Annual herb
Mature Size Up to 20 inches
Sun Exposure Full sun
Soil Type Loamy, sandy, well-drained
Soil pH Tolerates a wide range
Bloom Time Late summer
 

Ecological habits of the Dark Opal Basil

Members of the genus Ocimum have bisexual and zygomorphic flowers with diurnal anthesis. There is very limited information about the reproductive biology of O. gratissimum, but species in the same genus, such as O. basilicum and O. americanum, exhibit a mixed mating system via out-crossing and autogamy. Pollination by insects, including bees, butterflies, flies and wasps has been reported for various Ocimum species, and a study also showed that for three different species within this genus, insect pollination enhances fruit and seed production.
Ocimum gratissimum is a perennial herb. In South East Asia, flowers can be found throughout the year . In India O. gratissimum produces flowers and fruits from August to December. In China it has been recorded flowering in October and fruiting in November. In cultivation, plants may remain productive for 5-10 years.
 Dark-Opal-Basil

Dark Opal Basil Distribution Area

Dark Opal basil Plant was developed at the University of Connecticut in the 1950s. Wild basil seeds were collected from Turkey through the United States Department of Agriculture and were sent to the University of Connecticut for research and breeding. Scientists John Scarchuk and Joseph Lent planted the seeds and selected a dark-purple basil plant from the seedlings for further cultivation. Scarchuk and Lent performed several years of breeding to develop a purple basil variety with a uniform appearance and flavor, eventually creating Dark Opal basil. The new variety was released in 1962 through the Ferry-Morse Seed Company, and over time, the purple cultivar became a common home garden plant. Dark Opal basil is sold fresh through specialty grocers and farmer's markets, and it is also offered in seed form through retailers and online seed companies.
Dark-Opal-Basil

How to grow and care for Dark Opal Basil

How to Grow Dark Opal Basil

  • With Seeds
Plant seeds in a small pot, making a 1/4-inch indentation in the soil with your thumb. Use moist, sterile planting soil. Place the seed in the indentation and cover it with loose soil. “Water in” the basil by thoroughly saturating the soil. Place the pot near a sunny window. Keep the soil consistently moist during germination, which takes about 14 to 21 days.
  • With Scion
As an alternative to sowing, the basil can also be propagated by using cuttings. Since this method is usually not successful using a potted mother plant from the supermarket, it is recommended to take the scions from a strong bed or balcony plant.
This is how to turn a scion into a new basil herb:
cut off five to ten shoots with a length of about ten centimeters and remove the leaves from the lower halves
place the shoots in a translucent vessel filled with water
position the cuttings in a light place but not exposed to the bright midday sun
renew the water every two to three days
as roots have developed after about a week, the cuttings can be planted in substrate together
keep the substrate constantly moist, but not too wet
optimal temperature: between 20 degrees Celsius and 24 degrees Celsius
best time for propagation: April

How to Care for Dark Opal Basil

  • Light
Unless you live in particularly hot regions, your dark opal basil will appreciate a full sun position. Ideally, they'll want at least six hours of full sun to thrive.
  • Soil
Not very picky about soil types, this basil variety just needs a well-drained variety that is not overly dry. Mulching can help dry soil retain water better, especially in hot areas, and adding organic material can be welcome if your basil is grown in a less rich medium.
  • Water
Make sure that the soil is moist. Basil plants like moisture. If you live in a hot area, use mulch around the plants (the mulch will help hold in moisture and suppress weeds).
  • Temperature and Humidity
The key to success is to place the dark opal basil in a hidden place. Without this, it is unlikely to flourish. Although the species can cope with hot, humid or dry conditions, it prefers cooler, milder areas.
  • Fertilizer
Fertilizing your black opal basil regularly helps ensure healthy growth. However, you do need a balance. Overfertilizing can affect the intensity of the smell and make it less aromatic.
  • Pruning
When seedlings have 3 sets of true leaves (not counting the initial seed leaves), pinch off the top set. Continue this pattern when harvesting, pruning each branch you harvest back to just above its first or second set of leaves.  
Dark-Opal-Basil

Uses of Dark Opal Basil

Dark Opal basil leaves have a fragrant aroma and mild taste best suited for flavoring both fresh and cooked preparations. The purple leaves can be lightly torn or crushed and tossed into green salads, used whole as an edible garnish on fruit and cheese platters, or roughly chopped and mixed into pasta and stir-fries. Dark Opal basil leaves can also be layered into sandwiches, stirred into curries, soups, and stews, dried as a seasoning, blended into sauces such as pesto, or served with seafood to create depth of flavor. Beyond fresh applications, Dark Opal basil leaves can be steeped into a tea, or they will impart a faint red-purple hue when soaked, popularly infused to add pigment, aroma, and a light anise-like taste in culinary oils and vinegar. Dark Opal basil can also replace green basil varieties in caprese salads, and most other recipes calling for standard sweet basil. In addition to the leaves, the lilac-pink flowers are used as a decorative, edible garnish for soups, drinks, main dishes, and desserts. Dark Opal basil pairs well with tomatoes, potatoes, corn, zucchini, ginger, fruits such as strawberries, watermelon, and blackberries, nuts such as pine nuts, almonds, and walnuts, cheeses such as parmesan, goat, mozzarella, and feta, rice, pasta, and legumes. Sprigs of Dark Opal basil can be stored in a glass of water and covered with a plastic bag, where it will keep 3 to 7 days when stored in the refrigerator. The leaves can also be stored in their original container if purchased in a clamshell for a couple of days or wrapped in paper towels and stored in a plastic bag in the refrigerator.
Dark-Opal-Basil

Dark Opal Basil Common Pests/Diseases

Slugs can be a problem, especially during the late spring and early summer. It is advisable to use natural slug control remedies such as beer traps and crushed egg shells as opposed to slug pellets. Aphids can also be a problem so best be vigilant and remove them with a jet of water or introduce a biological control method, such as ladybird larvae.

Harvesting and storage

Basil will keep growing throughout the summer if kept watered and if the leaves are harvested regularly. Remove any flower buds as they appear to encourage more leaf growth. Fresh leaves can be frozen for later use. It is very difficult to grow basil during the winter so you might want to dry some leaves at the end of summer and store for later use. Do this by cutting the whole plants at the base of the stem and hanging them upside down in a dry warm place. When the leaves have fully dried, simply crumble them and store in a dry, airtight jar.
Dark-Opal-Basil

Dark Opal Basil Companion Plants

Basil does well with asparagus and helps tomatoes overcome pest insects and disease while improving growth and flavor of both. It is best to grow the shorter basil plants alongside or parallel to the tomato plants instead of among them in their shade.
Peppers-both sweet and hot -like basil alongside them, as does beans, beets, cabbage, and eggplant. Herbs that like basil nearby are oregano and chamomile.
Basil repels mosquitoes and most flies, so keep a couple of planted pots near doorways and entrances.
Common rue and sage are antagonistic to basil, so don't plant them near each other.