Written by Maggie
Jan 20 2021
Azalea Bonsai Tree, scientific name Rhododendron indicum, is a shrub of the genus Azalea Bonsai Tree family and Azalea Bonsai Tree, which was first bred in the Netherlands and Belgium of Western Europe. It is one of the most popular famous flowers in the world. It is the most beautiful flower in color and shape.
Azalea Bonsai Tree is short and stout with compact crown, thick leaves, thick flowers, dark green and little hair, delicate habit, and is afraid of the sun and cold.
The leaves of azalea bonsai tree can be divided into light, pointed, twisted, long and broad leaves. The flowers are double and double petals, few single petals, and the petals are round and wide with long, straight, after turning, wave, wrinkled edge, curling edge and so on.
Azalea Bonsai Tree has a variety of designs and colors, including monochrome edge, dot red, bright spot, sandblasting, sprinkling brocade, etc. The flowers are dignified, delicate and charming. Flowers are 6 -- 8cm in diameter, some more than 10cm.
The azalea bonsai tree blooms from April to May.
Azalea Bonsai Tree has many species and is very different, there are evergreen large trees, small trees, evergreen shrubs and deciduous shrubs. Habit difference is also very big, but most species produced in high altitude areas, like cool, humid climates, avoid hot and dry. A humus-rich, loose, moist, acidic soil with a pH between 5.5 and 6.5 is required. Part of the species and horticultural varieties of adaptability is stronger, drought resistance, barren, soil pH value between 7 ~ 8 can also grow.
Azalea Bonsai Tree has certain requirements for light, but it is not resistant to exposure. In summer and autumn, it should have trees or shade shade to block the scorching sun. Generally in spring, autumn two seasons are shoot, shoot - based. The optimum growth temperature is 15 ~ 25℃. Above 30℃ or below 5℃, growth tends to stop. There is a short dormant period in winter.
There are about 900 species of Azalea Bonsai Tree, of which about 850 species are produced in Asia, 530 species are found in China, and distributed in the north and south of China except Xinjiang. There are about 280 species in New Guinea and Malaysia, almost all of which are epiphytic. In addition, there are 24 species in North America, 9 species in Europe and 1 species in Oceania. It is produced in volume in Wenjiang District, Chengdu City, Sichuan Province, China.
The main pests and diseases of the Azalea Bonsai Tree are brown spot, red spider and armyworm.
Plum rain season prone to brown spot disease, can be in the Flower before and after the spray 800 times the torbujin or equivalent amount of Bordeaux liquid, and improve ventilation, remove diseased leaves.
Red spider can be sprayed with trichlorophenol 1000 times liquid every 7d1, 3-4 continuous flushes.In the army match available Le early into the enemy early 1500 times swim spray kill.
It can be propagated by sowing, cutting, grafting and layering.
Choose a section of Azalea Bonsai Tree at the top of its branches, which is 1-2 years old and growing healthily and free of pests and diseases, as cuttings with a length of 3-5 segments, and insert the cuttings at the water end to cut horizontally and diagonally from the base of the petiole.The cuttings should be put in at once.
We can set up the flow of the water slotting machine. A small amount of water plant special boxes. The sponge with a thickness of 0.6 cm was laid in the water box, and holes were inserted in the sponge with sharpened chopsticks. The density was determined according to the need of seedling distance, and the cuttings of Azalea Bonsai Tree were fixed. Cutting flowers special box filled with water, 1.5-1.6 kg, and add "meihua" brand water flowers culture solution (can also make culture solution), and then implant the cuttings in the sponge hole, the depth of about 1.5 cm, so that its lower end can soak in the basin of dilute solution, and spray water spray wet foliage, make cuttings restore vitality.
After all the Azalea Bonsai Tree cuttings are fully rooted, 1 ml of flower culture solution is added once more to supplement nutrients. Cutting environment is required to be ventilated, cool, the highest temperature is not more than 26℃, there is a short time of scattered light. When the root length is 2 to 5 cm, it can be planted in a hydroponic pot or in a substrate.
Azalea Bonsai Tree is an excellent Bonsai material with abundant flowers and leaves, beautiful appearance, strong germination ability, pruning resistance and peculiar root piles. In gardens, it is best to plant in clumps and patches by the edge of forests, streams, pools and rocks, and also to plant in scattered forests.Rhododendrons are also good materials for flower hedges. Rhododendrons can also be pruned and cultivated into various forms. The azalea garden is very distinctive. Azalea Bonsai Tree is used medically and some are edible.