Nothing is more representative of summer than the sweet and juicy tayberry. As long as there is enough sunshine, tayberry can grow well in hot or cold areas. Tayberry ripens from late summer to autumn. This guide will teach you how to grow delicious tayberry with seedlings or even fresh seeds.
Tayberry Quick Info
||blackberry, red raspberry
||Soil pH between 6.0-6.8
||At 45 degrees Fahrenheit or lower
||Prune to ground level in late winter
||Cut 30cm or so from a mature bush
Tayberry Care in Detail
Tayberry needs water during growth, and water will be consumed during growth period and fruiting period, so it needs to be supplemented. It should be watered regularly during growth period to ensure that the growth needs are met. We don't water tayberry directly to the root. It's best to sprinkle it around and replenish water through soil infiltration. If you just bought or just changed the pot, such tayberry plants need to be watered immediately, which can also promote later growth.
If you want to propagate tayberry
, you should first understand the habits of tayberry. Tayberry is a kind of rhizome that has grown underground for many years and rotates every year when it bears fruit on the ground. Tayberry likes sunshine very much. At the same time, it also likes a warm environment. The environment where tayberry is located must be transparent and ventilated. It can build a garden in a place where irrigation is very convenient, and it should also choose some fertile land in terms of land selection. In this way, some scattered plots can be used to cultivate. Tayberry is a very delicate plant, and its requirements for the environment are also very strict. When we promote tayberry, we must stay away from places with pollution sources. (Find more healthy fruit
Tayberry LightTayberry is a light loving tree species.
Sufficient light can ensure strong plant growth, lush branches and leaves, good quality and quantity of Flower
bud differentiation, normal flowering and fruiting, high fruit setting rate, large fruit, high yield and good quality. According to the research, the flower bud differentiation of the primary stem of summer fruit tayberry needs 6 ~ 9 hours of sufficient light and 4 ~ 14 ℃ temperature every day. When the primary stem grows to 16 ~ 20 knots, it has a strong photosynthetic ability and can differentiate into high-quality flower buds. We should choose a place with good light, adopt appropriate plant row spacing, and set up a frame to get sufficient light, so as to obtain high-quality and high-yield fruits.
The temperature requirements of tayberry
's growth and development are different according to different growth periods and different development properties. 1. The growth and development of tayberry can adapt to the temperature range of 10 ~ 25 ℃, the highest is 28 ~ 30 ℃, and the lowest is - 25 ℃, but tayberry can withstand the low temperature of - 45 ℃. 2. Temperature of germination: after dormancy, the buds begin to sprout at 7.2 ℃, and the suitable temperature is 18 ~ 22 ℃. 3. The suitable temperature for budding and flowering is 20 ~ 25 ℃. 4. The suitable temperature for branch and leaf growth is 12 ~ 25 ℃. 5. Sleep. The open field dormancy of tayberry needs an average temperature of 4.4 ℃ and can be fully dormant after 800 ~ 1600 hours. Tayberry needs 300 ~ 600 hours of low-temperature dormancy with an average of 6 ~ 7 ℃. If the low temperature during dormancy is too low or fluctuating temperature occurs, it is difficult for the plant to pass full dormancy.
High temperature is also easy to cause harm to tayberry
. When the high temperature continuously exceeds 28 ℃ in summer, the plant growth is obviously inhibited, the transpiration of leaves increases, and the phenomenon of wilting, sunburn or withering occurs. In severe cases, the tender shoots of primary stems also gradually wither and die, and the fruits are also damaged.
Tayberry has strict requirements on air humidity. When the air is dry and the transpiration is, the plants are easy to burn and wilt, and the reproduction of fruit branches is more obvious. The relative air humidity should be about 60% from flowering to fruit expansion; The relative humidity from fruit expansion to harvest should be 70% ~ 80%, so as to avoid fruit burns. Low temperature and dry air in winter are the main causes of tayberry's death.
Tayberry FertilizerTayberry fertilizer
is also managed jointly according to the three aspects of base fertilizer, top dressing and foliar fertilizer. The root system of tayberry is relatively shallow. Therefore, the use time and amount of base fertilizer and the depth of furrow application will also affect the development of tayberry root system. If it is an orchard with integrated cultivation of water and fertilizer, the base fertilizer should be applied in early autumn. At this time, the growth of basal branches tends to be slow, the mother branches have been cut off, and the root system begins to enter the growth peak. At this time, fertilization can improve soil nutritional conditions, promote root growth, and lay a foundation for high yield in the second year.
The base fertilizer is mainly rotten farm fertilizer, and an appropriate amount of chemical fertilizer can also be added, such as urea, ammonium phosphate, etc. When we fertilize in tayberry, we fertilize on the side 40-60 cm away from the plant, and fertilize about 0.7kg per plant cluster. Mix the base fertilizer with the soil, and change to the other side of the plant when applying fertilizer in the second year. Topdressing is divided into two times. For the first time, nitrogen fertilizer was mainly used in combination with other medium and trace element fertilizers from flowering to young fruit formation; In addition, spraying foliar fertilizer such as alginic acid, amino acid, boron, magnesium, calcium, silicon and other trace elements before flowering, young fruit stage and fruit expansion stage can improve the fruit expansion vitality, protect and strengthen the fruit. The second is that phosphorus and potassium are dominant after fruit formation. At present, it is to promote the growth and enrichment of basal branches, promote flower bud differentiation and lay the foundation for high yield in the coming year. Tayberry likes humidity, bears drought, but does not bear waterlogging, and avoids water logging. When watering in dry weather, the soil humidity is 60% and the depth reaches 40 cm, it can be appropriate for several times. The best watering time in summer is after the temperature drops at 4 p.m.
Tayberry PruningTayberry pruning
is mainly carried out in three times, with different emphasis in different periods. Tayberry pruning is mostly carried out in summer and autumn. After harvest in summer every year, the branches with fruits should be washed and cut in time, so as to leave space for the annual branches to thrive and prepare for flowering and fruiting in the coming year. Tree inlay and black thorn tour can produce new shoots in large pots every year. If they are allowed to grow naturally, the branches are dense and weak, and the results are few. Tayberry pruning
should be carried out frequently throughout the growing season. 9-12 well-developed new shoots can be left in each hole.
In addition to cutting off the old branches that bear fruit in the current year, short branches and weak branches should also be cut, and the transverse branches extending between rows should be sparsely cut, Make the distance between the remaining strong schools not less than 20 cm. Tayberry pruning should be carried out on annual branches before winter. Because the drooping part of the branch is not as full as the upright part, if this part is not cut off, the new shoots sprouted from these parts in the coming year will be very thin and weak, with few results, wasting Da Ying nutrition in vain. After tayberry pruning, it can stimulate the upright part of the branches to germinate new shoots. Most of these new shoots grow healthily and have many results. It can also prevent the dense plant clusters and facilitate ventilation and light transmission. At the end of summer and the beginning of autumn, for some plants with sparse growth, the branch tips of side branches should be picked once to promote them to have more side branches to increase the fruit setting part. For varieties whose branches can grow upright, it is not necessary to set up pillar binding.Read Next:Best Fruits -19 Fruits That Can Improve Your Health
When we are in tayberry repotting
, we can first use a small Shovel
to turn around the flowerpot and slowly take out the plants. After the plant is taken out, gently shake off the old soil attached to the root, properly trim the tayberry root with scissors and apply bactericide. For basin soil after tayberry repotting
, it is more appropriate to use sandy soil rich in humus, which can be prepared with rotten leaf soil, garden soil and feces. Prepare a slightly larger flowerpot before putting it into the pot, fill it with soil, plant the plants in it, water it and put it in a warm place.Loganberry
, and Tayberry
are all of high nutritional value. Lean more here.
Tayberry Pest & Disease Control
1. Botrytis cinerea
This tayberry pest & disease
mainly damages flowers, young fruits and mature fruits, as well as leaves. In the early stage of this tayberry pest & disease, the pedicel and fruit stem became dark brown, and then gradually extended to the calyx and young fruit. When the humidity is too high, there is a dense layer of gray mold on the surface of the diseased part, resulting in a large number of withered flowers and withered fruits; After the berries are infected, they burst into flowing water and rot in a slurry shape: when the climate is dry, the diseased fruits lose water and wilt, and dry and shrink into gray stiff fruits, which will not fall for a long time.[Control methods]
① After falling leaves in autumn and winter, completely remove dead branches, fallen leaves, diseased fruits and other disabled bodies, and intensively bury or burn them. Remove diseased fruits, vines and leaves in the growing season and spray medicine in time to reduce the chance of re infection of pathogens.
② Strengthen tree nutrition, do not bias the application of nitrogen fertilizer, increase the application of phosphorus and potassium fertilizer, so as to improve their disease resistance.
③ Prune reasonably, maintain ventilation and light transmission in the planting belt, reduce humidity and reduce the occurrence of gray mold.
④ Spray 1500 times of 50% pythil wettable powder or 1000 times of 50% wettable powder before or after flowering. 2. Leaf spot. The disease can infect both 1-year-old and perennial tayberry leaves, and the incidence of new leaves is more serious, followed by old leaves. At the initial stage of onset, light brown spots with a diameter of 2 ~ 3 mm were formed on the leaves, and then gradually expanded into circular or irregular spots, with light brown in the center, dark edge color and yellow halo, and finally developed into white heart Brown edge patches. When the climate is dry, the central tissue of the lesion collapses and breaks, forming perforation. There are many disease spots in the late stage of onset, and some converge into large disease spots, which seriously affects the photosynthesis of leaves.
2. Stem rot
pest &disease endangers plant shoots. Its occurrence is often related to tree wounds and insect pests, mostly in late spring or early summer. High temperature and rainy season is the peak period. [Control methods]
① clear the garden in autumn, cut off the diseased branches and burn them intensively. Spray 4 ~ 5 Baume degree stone sulfur mixture once before winter burying soil for cold prevention. When spraying chemicals, pay attention to spraying the whole plant, especially the base of branches, and it is best to spray on the ground. After tayberry is put on the shelf in spring and before germination, spray 4 ~ 5 Baume degree stone sulfur mixture once more.
② In the early stage of onset, spray 500 times of 70% thiophanate methyl wettable powder, 500 times of 40% aluminum ethylphosphate wettable powder, or 500 times of 50% thiram wettable powder, and the efficacy can last until pre flowering or early flowering.
Leaves infected with this tayberry pest & disease will form small white spots with purple edges. The infected part becomes brittle and forms perforation. Finally, the perforation expands and connects sharply to form larger perforation, which seriously affects the photosynthesis of leaves. Branches are susceptible to disease, forming purple folds at the initial stage, and then the disease class expands to form ulcer spots with gray center and purple edge. In severe cases, the disease spots are connected into pieces, resulting in bark cracking and branch lignification.[Control methods]
① remove the diseased bodies and weeds in the field in time after fruit harvest.
② Prune reasonably to keep the planting belt ventilated and transparent.
③ Rational use of fertilizer without partial application of nitrogen fertilizer to prevent plant overgrowth.
④ Spray 800 times of 80% mancozeb wettable powder, or 200 times of Bordeaux solution in the same amount, or 500 times of 75% chlorothalonil wettable powder before flowering.
4. Tayberry gray mold
This tayberry pest & disease is the disease that has the greatest impact on the yield of tayberry, mainly endangering flowers and fruits. This tayberry pest &disease first appeared on the open single flower and soon spread to all flower buds and inflorescences. The flower buds and inflorescences were covered with a layer of gray fine dust, and then the flowers, receptacle, petiole and the whole inflorescence blackened and withered. After the fruit is infected, the small berries break, run water, and rot like starjam. When the humidity is low, the dried diseased fruit shrinks into grayish brown berries, which will not fall for a long time.[Control methods]
① In autumn, we remove dead branches, fallen leaves, diseased fruits and other diseased residues and burn them intensively; When germs are found, they shall be buried or burned immediately. Remove diseased fruits, vines and leaves in the growing season, and spray medicine for maintenance in time to reduce the chance of re infection.
② Avoid watering in rainy days, strengthen ventilation, light transmission and moisture removal, so that the relative humidity of the air does not exceed 65%, which can effectively prevent and reduce gray mold. No partial application of nitrogen fertilizer and increased application of phosphorus and potassium fertilizer to improve the disease resistance of plants; Pay attention to operation hygiene.
5. Tayberry freezing injury
This tayberry pest & disease usually occurs in early spring. The diseased plants show bud necrosis, stem does not germinate and does not grow leaves. It is easy to cause the disease if the soil is not thick enough in winter and low temperature in early spring. [Control methods]
① In order to prevent freezing injury, cold resistant varieties should be selected according to local temperature conditions.
② The key to prevent this disease is to bury soil in winter to prevent cold. The best season is about 10 days before the land is frozen.
③ After the onset of this tayberry pest & disease, we should irrigate water in time and loosen the soil in time to preserve moisture. The branches that have lost the ability of germination need to be replaced in time. The beetles that harm tayberry are mainly white star beetles. Adults often swarm and eat young leaves, buds, flowers and fruits of tayberry, especially mature tayberry fruits; It also sucks juice from branches or rotten skin, and secretes a large amount of liquid around the trunk, affecting the growth of the tree. When this tayberry
pest & disease endangers the fruit, it first bites the peel and then eats the pulp, making the fruit lose commercial value.
Tayberry Cutting Propagation
is a perennial shrub plant, it has strong vitality, but when choosing tayberry branches for tayberry cutting propagation, we should remember not to lose too much water. It is best to select the mature branches of 1 ~ 3 years old and soak them in the rooting water for maintenance. After about four or five days, insert them into the wet sand for tayberry cutting propagation.
Basically, as long as a warm and humid growth environment is guaranteed, the branches of tayberry cutting propagation will survive. After the trees survive, they should be transplanted into fertile and breathable soil and placed in a place with sufficient light for maintenance, so that tayberry can blossom and bear fruit soon.
During the vigorous growth period of tayberry, we should pay attention to applying more rotten farm fertilizer to it. At the flowering and fruiting stage, we can apply more phosphorus and potassium fertilizer to promote the flowering and Fruiting of tayberry. However, when raising tayberry bonsai at home, if you want to make it bear more fruits, you have to pollinate the plants manually, because the balcony floors of many families are relatively high and few insects pollinate, so you need to do it yourself in order to increase the number of fruits.
In addition, if you want tayberry to grow more beautiful, we also need to prune and manage it often. Because tayberry grows faster, you can top and dwarf it, so it is more convenient for you to pick fruits when it comes to fruit.
Usually, the plant tayberry exists in the memory of many people. If you want to eat, it is difficult to buy it in the city, so you might as well plant a small tayberry on your balcony. In this way, you can eat several sweet fruits after waiting for a year.
Tayberry Division Propagation
Tayberry's root system has the characteristics of adventitious buds and is very prone to a large number of root tillers. Therefore, tayberry division propagation
is the most common. A large number of root tillers occur around the plant clusters in tayberry from May to June every summer, of which the root tillers of the 4-5-year-old plant clusters are the most, and the quality is also good. In order to cultivate high-quality seedlings, weak and dense root tiller seedlings should be sparse in time during operation, and ventilation conditions should be improved to keep the plant spacing at 10 ~ 15 cm. At the same time, we should strengthen the soil and fertilizer management of tayberry mother plant, apply quick acting organic fertilizer, cooperate with nitrogen fertilizer, timely irrigate and plough in time, keep the soil moist, loose and nutritious, and promote the vigorous growth of root tiller seedlings.
When digging seedlings in tayberry, we should pay attention to minimize root damage and cut about 1 / 3 of all branches. It can also be planted directly after digging seedlings in autumn, and then buried to prevent cold. In addition, regardless of summer and autumn festivals, as long as the root tillers have a certain height on rainy days in the growing season, the root tillers can be deeply excavated and planted with the excavation, which can also achieve a high survival rate. However, we should note that the period of seedling excavation and planting in tayberry should not be too late. In some old orchards, the original younger plants are directly excavated, cut into several parts and planted respectively, each with roots and basal branches. This tayberry division propagation method can restore the coverage of the orchard in a short time and restore the yield of the transformed orchard as soon as possible.
The flavonoids, pentahydroxyflavonoids and 4,5,7-trihydroxyflavonoids extracted from the plant tayberry have significant antibacterial effects. The volatile oil of tayberry leaves has obvious antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli and Pasteurella. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) can completely inhibit the reproduction of Escherichia coli at 10g / ml and 10g / ml, and its antibacterial activity is better than that of streptomycin and sulfonamides.
Three kinds of Ursane triterpene glycoesters extracted from tayberry have antitumor activities in vitro on human hepatoma cell BEL-7402, human leukemia cell K562 and mouse melanoma B16. The main active components are pentacyclic triterpenes. The hydroxyl group at the 2 position of pentacyclic lanterpenes reduces the anticancer activity of triterpene glycoesters.
Stilbene, anthocyanin, vitamin and SOD (superoxide dismutase) extracted from tayberry have significant antioxidant effects.
Role of blood vessels
Tayberry aqueous extract can shorten the bleeding time of mice and prolong the fibrinolysis time, so as to inhibit thrombosis in vivo. Tayberry aqueous extract can also increase the coronary flow of isolated rat heart, resist the ischemic ECG changes induced by pituitrin, and increase the hypoxia tolerance of mice under normal pressure and low pressure.
The pharmacological studies on the decoction of tayberry stem and leaf and the extracts of ethyl acetate and n-butanol proved that the decoction had obvious effects of hemostasis, coagulation, anti inflammation and relaxation of isolated rabbit intestinal smooth muscle and rat uterine smooth muscle. The anti-inflammatory effect is derived from ellagic acid in this tayberry.
How to make a tayberry pie?
Ingredients: Fresh raspberry, icing sugar, butter, light cream, raspberry jam, corn starch, cream cheese, egg (whole egg liquid), low gluten flour, almond powder, fine granulated sugar, lemon juice.
Tayberry pie tarts:
1 Room temperature softened butter 80g (finger can easily poke into the state)
2 Add 50g icing (more for those who like dessert)
3 Mix the two and pour in 20g egg liquid (pour in three times!!) and stir well
4 Sift 120g low gluten flour and 20g almond powder into the sieve and stir vigorously. If it is not mixed evenly, you can use your hand
5 After the dough is formed, put it on oil-free paper, roll the rolling pin into a shape about the size of the tart model, lay it in the mold, carefully arrange it evenly, and fork the small holes with a fork
6 Spread raspberry sauce over the cake and put it in the refrigerator to start the next step
Tayberry pie filling:
1 Rroom temperature melted cream cheese 200g (fingers can easily poke in)
2 Add 50g fine granulated sugar
3 Add 100g egg liquid after mixing evenly
4 Mix well and add 150ml light cream, 10g corn starch and 5g lemon juice
5. Stir all the stuffing evenly and pour it into the cake blank
1 Preheat the oven (up and down 180 degrees for 5 minutes)
2 Place the tayberry pie
in the oven (180 degrees up and 40 degrees down)
After baking in the oven, we can get a round tayberry pie!