Granadas Fruit (Pomegranate) Tree: How to Grow & Care for the Plant

Written by Ivy

Dec 21 2021

Granadas Fruit (Pomegranate) Tree: How to Grow & Care for the Plant
Granadas fruit is a very popular fruit. The lush green leaves with those red fruits are really pleasing to the eye. Planting a granadas fruit tree at home can beautify the courtyard environment and let us eat pomegranates. Granadas Fruit tree planting technology is very simple. As long as we choose a leeward and sunny position, then we can plant granadas fruit tree to ensure sufficient light, pay attention to fertilization after proper watering, and it can be well propagation.

Granadas Fruit Tree Quick Info

Botanical/Scientific Name Punica granatum
Common Name Granadas Fruit, Pomegranate
Uses Baking, cooking, juice blends, meal garnishes, smoothies, and alcoholic beverages
Origin Modern-day Iran to northern India
Light Care Full sun
Soil Care Equal parts garden soil
Temperature Care Above 85 degrees Fahrenheit
Humidity Care Moisture
Watering Water the plants when the soil is completely dry
Pruning Care Prune pomegranate trees
Fertilizer Care Fertilize only in November and February
Propagation Take pomegranate tree cuttings in late winter
Toxic Non toxic

When to Grow Granadas Fruit Tree

It's best to plant granadas fruit Trees in the spring or fall in warm places. Granadas Fruit Trees need plenty of sun to thrive and produce fruit. Look for an area that gets at least 6 hours of direct sun. Good drainage is crucial for Granadas Fruit trees, but they tolerate almost any soil, even poor or alkaline ones.

How to Care for Granadas Fruit Tree

Granadas Fruit Tree Care & Propagation Guide

Granadas Fruit Tree Watering

Granadas fruit tree doesn't like very humid environment, likes dry environment and is drought resistant. But it is not resistant to waterlogging. If you water too much, it is easy to waterlogging, and it will also cause leaf loss and stop growth. Therefore, the granadas fruit tree must be watered thoroughly, but there should be no ponding. The watering should be dry and wet. However, we must control the watering amount before flowering and fruit bearing of granadas fruit tree to avoid bud falling and fruit bearing.

Granadas Fruit Tree Soil

Granadas fruit tree has high adaptability to the pH of soil. It can grow well when the PS value is between 4.5-8.2. As long as it is not too alkaline, too barren soil or too acidic soil, granadas fruit tree can grow completely. Although the requirements for soil are not very high, if you want pomegranate trees to blossom and bear fruit, you just need to feed them, It is far from enough. Granadas fruit tree is planted in too barren and thin soil. It is difficult to blossom and bear fruit. Even when flowering, there will be fruit drop and rotten buds. If the soil is too fertile, it will also cause the crazy branches of granadas fruit tree to grow in vain. It looks tall and strong, but it is also difficult to blossom and bear fruit.

Granadas Fruit Tree Light

Granadas fruit tree is a plant that likes light very much. Even in summer when it is hot enough to explode, the sun will not sunburn the plant. So we don't prepare sunshades and other things. On the one hand, we expose granadas fruit tree plants to the sun all the year round. Once the light is insufficient, granadas fruit tree will only grow leaves without flowering, which will greatly affect the ornamental effect of granadas fruit tree.

Granadas Fruit Tree Temperature

Granadas fruit tree likes to grow in a warm environment. Once the temperature is too low, it will cause frostbite. It is better to control the temperature between 15 ℃ and 20 ℃. However, the temperature on that day was very cold. We can whitewash granadas fruit tree, and then lay a thick layer of grass mat with great insulation on the ground. In this way, the insulation was successful.

Granadas Fruit Tree Humidity

Granadas fruit tree doesn't like places that are too wet, because granadas fruit tree likes the sun. It is a plant that likes to grow in a sunny environment and needs sufficient light throughout the growing season. Especially at the flowering and fruiting stages of granadas fruit tree, sufficient sunlight is conducive to flower bud differentiation and fruit expansion. Granadas fruit tree can not only bear sweet fruit, but also has high ornamental. Many flower friends will plant it in flower pots, which also looks very beautiful.

Granadas Fruit Tree Fertilizer

Granadas fruit tree only has enough fertilizer, the pomegranate fruit will be big and full. Light fertilizer must be applied frequently in spring and autumn. Bear like fertilizer and water should be applied once a week, preferably phosphorus and potassium fertilizer, so as to ensure the quality of flowers and fruits of granadas fruit tree. Then we should also remember to apply rotten organic fertilizer to granadas fruit tree again before winter to help it spend the winter.

Granadas Fruit Tree Pruning

When planting granadas fruit tree, it is also necessary to prune granadas fruit tree every year. Only timely pruning of granadas fruit tree can ensure the quality of pomegranate. In spring, the bare branches will be cut short, and the new branches and buds in the growth period will also be picked. In addition to cutting long branches, we also need to prune fruits. Pinch a few flowers with too dense branches and buds, and then the quality of the results will be much better.

Granadas Fruit Tree Repotting

Generally, winter is the dormancy period of granadas fruit. After entering spring, when the temperature gradually rises, the plant begins to recover its growth. We'd better choose early spring for granadas fruit tree repotting. The dormancy period of the plant comes to an end, but it hasn't sprouted yet. At this time, granadas fruit tree repotting is carried out. The plant recovers quickly. After changing new basin soil, Plants will grow more vigorously.
Pomegranate has relatively shallow roots and developed capillary roots, so we don't need to choose too deep flowerpots, but the diameter of flowerpots should be larger. In addition, pomegranate trees are most afraid of ponding, so it's best to have more than one drainage hole at the bottom of flowerpots. The material of flowerpots is clay, because the flowerpots of this material have good air permeability. Pomegranate does not have high requirements for soil, but because it is planted in pots, we still try to choose fertile soil.

If we plan granadas fruit tree repotting, we can stop watering a period of time in advance. When the basin soil becomes dry, the plant decanting becomes more smooth. When taking off the basin, hold the surface soil with one hand and the basin bottom with the other hand, quickly stand upside down and take out the plants. After removing the pot, first break up the root system. Due to the developed lateral roots of the plant, gently remove some of the soil on the root whisker, and the soil at the main root can be retained. Then cut off part of the capillary root with scissors, and be careful not to hurt the main root.

We can lay a layer of small stones or tiles at the bottom of the flowerpot as the drainage layer, then pour the prepared basin soil into the flowerpot, and then bury the plant roots in the soil. After planting, we can gently shake the trunk a few times to confirm that the plant roots are stable, and finally pour water and compact the potted plants. If the plant is too large and you are worried about the plant tilting, you can support the trunk with something. After the plant root is fixed, you will serve the basin faster.

After granadas fruit tree repotting, we should put the plants in a warm and ventilated place. Spring is a special season. We should prevent the plants from freezing at night and avoid strong light at noon. In autumn, we should pay attention to autumn tigers. After granadas fruit tree repotting is restored, it can be put into the normal environment. In terms of maintenance operation, granadas fruit tree repotting is afraid of ponding, so watering should be stopped at ordinary times.

Granadas Fruit Tree Pest & Disease Control

The most suitable temperature for granadas fruit dry rot pathogen is 24 ~ 28 degrees. It is easy to occur under the environmental conditions of high temperature and high humidity. Generally, in summer with more rain, the temperature reaches 25 degrees, which meets the characteristics of outbreak and epidemic of the pathogen and is prone to serious pomegranate dry rot. Granadas fruit dry rot mainly endangers pomegranate fruits. It can occur from the flower bud stage of granadas fruit to pomegranate harvest. Flowers and fruits will fall in the early stage, and dry rot will occur in the later stage. It will hang on the branches after drying, and less will fall off naturally. Germs can invade through wounds, especially in rainy years, the probability of dry rot in granadas fruit is several times higher than that in dry season.

In terms of prevention and control, in addition to bagging, we also need to properly trim granadas fruit, increase the ventilation and light transmission capacity in the tree crown, reduce shade, and spray pesticides. 600 ~ 800 times of methyletobuzine + organosilicon pesticide synergist can be used for spraying, generally once every 10 to 15 days. In winter, the stone sulfur mixture of 3 ~ 5 Baume degrees can be used to spray the whole tree body, which can clean up germs and prevent them.

Pomegranate scab is a major disease, which is not only harmful to the fruit, but also to the branches and stems. The suitable conditions for the onset of pomegranate scab are that the temperature is within the range of 15 ~ 25 degrees, there is much rain and high humidity, and it is easy to become popular. In autumn and winter, remove the disease spots at the disease spots of the branches and stems, and then apply stone sulfur mixture stock solution or octylamine acetate stock solution. Before the rainy season, we should spray 2500 times of 10% Difenoconazole water dispersible granules or 1500 times of 50% benomyl wettable powder on the whole granadas fruit tree.
Pomegranate angular spot, also known as black spot, is a bacterial disease. Generally, it endangers the leaves seriously and affects the photosynthesis of pomegranate. In severe cases, it causes the leaves to fall off early, which has a great impact on the flower bud differentiation of the next year. The harm time is about July 20 to August 20. Low temperature and high humidity are easy to cause the epidemic of the disease. We can use 1000 times of bacteriogenin in the solution, Or 300 times the solution of octyl amine acetate spray.

How to Propagate Granadas Fruit Tree

Granadas Fruit Tree Care & Propagation Guide

Granadas Fruit Tree Propagation from Cutting

In granadas fruit tree cutting propagation, the key is cutting time, branch selection, post cutting management, etc. The cutting time of Granadas Fruit is mainly in spring (March ~ April) and autumn (October ~ November). Generally speaking, the cutting survival rate in spring will be higher, because the climate conditions in spring are favorable for the growth of granadas fruit tree cutting propagation, and spring is the vigorous period of plant growth, which is more conducive to the rooting and germination of front cuttings. For autumn cutting, although the nutrition stored in the branches is sufficient, the rooting of granadas fruit tree cutting propagation will be slower, and if the cutting is too late, the cuttings will suffer from freezing damage, which is unfavorable to the seedling. Generally speaking, the survival rate of granadas fruit tree cutting propagation will be higher in spring.
In spring, granadas fruit tree cutting propagation generally selects annual robust branches when the branches sprout. The branch diameter is about 1 cm. It is best to have about 2 full buds on the branches, which is conducive to germination after cutting. We cut the selected branches into cuttings with a length of about 15cm.

We can soak the lower end in rooting powder solution for half a minute, which is conducive to the rooting of granadas fruit tree cutting. In addition, in order to avoid diseases of cuttings, we can also soak cuttings in carbendazim solution for sterilization. After treatment, a section of cuttings with inclined cuttings is cut in the seedbed. The plant spacing of cuttings is about 20 cm and the row spacing can be about 45 cm. After granadas fruit tree cutting propagation, it is best to set up a sunshade on the seedbed to avoid sun exposure. Generally, cuttings will take root after cutting for about a month.

Granadas Fruit Tree Propagation from Division

Although granadas fruit tree division propagation is a traditional breeding method, it is original, but because of its limited number and less application, it is generally used as a supplementary means in the breeding process. For granadas fruit tree division propagation, we can also increase the emergence by manual means. Generally, we can dig the topsoil around the mother plant slightly after falling leaves in winter to expose its shallow roots.
Next, we can select the roots with a diameter of 1-3 cm, and then carry out appropriate engraving treatment at a distance of about 10 cm. After the wound is dried, cover the soil in time and water and fertilize appropriately. In this way, when the germination season comes next spring, more root tillers will sprout from these engraved parts of the pomegranate root system.

However, in order to better heal the root wounds after granadas fruit tree division propagation, and to better promote plant tillering and produce seedlings for ramet transplantation. Generally, in July of summer, we can dig the topsoil at the root of the plant again, cut a large number of seedling roots from the mother plant, and then cover the soil again to continue to strengthen maintenance and management. When the dormancy of plants in winter is over and before germination in early spring, we can dig out these granadas fruit tree division propagation ramets and plant them in pots respectively.

When to Harvest Granadas Fruit

Generally speaking, Granadas Fruit Trees will produce a reliable harvest two to three years after planting. They flower from midspring into fall, and fruits will be ready for harvest between August and October, depending on the variety.

Skin on Granadas fruits shifts from being smooth and hard to slightly rough and softer as they ripen. Skin on ripe fruits should be easy to scratch with a fingernail. Mature fruits often crack as arils swell or in response to rain and high humidity. Mature fruits with any skin cracking are usually ready for harvest.

Granadas fruit becomes large, multi locular and multi seeded berries after ripening, with many seeds in each chamber; The testa is fleshy, bright red, light red or white, juicy, sweet and sour, which is the edible part; The inner seed coat is horny, but also degenerated and softened, that is, soft seed pomegranate.

Granadas Fruit Benefits

Granadas fruit looks like agate, tastes sour, sweet and delicious, and is very nutritious. Pomegranate is rich in a variety of amino acids and trace elements, which can promote gastrointestinal digestion, refresh and refresh the brain, and have a certain anti alcohol effect.

Granadas fruit is rich in minerals and has antioxidant ingredients - Pomegranate polyphenols and anthocyanins. It also contains linolenic acid, vitamin C, calcium, magnesium, zinc and other minerals, which can supplement the moisture lost by the skin and have a certain effect on beauty.

Granadas fruit skin has obvious antibacterial and astringent functions, which can astringe intestinal mucosa and reduce the secretion of intestinal mucus wax. Therefore, it can effectively treat diarrhea, dysentery and other diseases, inhibit dysentery bacilli and Escherichia coli, and inhibit various skin fungi to varying degrees. Granadas fruit skin decoction can also inhibit influenza virus.

Granadas fruit contains high levels of antioxidants, which can resist the destruction of human inflammation and oxygen free radicals, and has a positive effect on preventing atherosclerosis and slowing down the process of carcinogenesis.

Granadas fruit tastes sour, contains alkaloids, ursolic acid, etc., has obvious astringent effect, can astringe intestines and stop bleeding, and has good bacteriostatic effect. (Find more healthy fruit here.)

Granadas Fruit Tree Care FAQs

Granadas fruit in english

Granada fruit english means pomegranate. Granadas fruit is like a ruby. The fruit is sour, sweet, delicious and juicy, with high nutrient value. It is rich in rich fruit sugars, high-quality protein and easy to absorb fat. It can make up for human energy and heat, but does not add physical burden. Granadas fruit contains vitamin C and B vitamins, organic acids, sugars, proteins, fats and minerals such as calcium, phosphorus and potassium, which can make up for the lack of trace elements and nutrients in the human body. Granadas fruit is also rich in various acids, including organic acids and folic acid, which have health care effects on human body. Granadas fruit is not only rich in fruit nutrients, but also valuable in leaves and fruit cores.

What do Granadas fruit flowers look like?

The flowering period of granadas fruit flowers is concentrated in spring and summer, from May to July every year. Granadas fruit flowers generally begin to germinate in late March, bud in mid and late April, and bloom in May. The period from June is the peak flowering period of granadas fruit flowers, and the flowering period ends in early July. At the end of flowering, granadas fruit flowers will begin to bear fruit.
Granadas fruit flowers is actually very beautiful. In ancient times, there was the name of pomegranate skirt, a beautiful woman, which shows its beauty. When granadas fruit flowers bloom, several small flowers will bloom on the branches, which is very beautiful. Granadas fruit flowers have single petals and double petals, and their colors are also gorgeous.

What color is a Granadas fruit?

Granadas fruit is bright red, light red or white. There are many varieties of granadas fruit, including red and yellow according to the epidermis. Generally, yellow varieties are sweet. Sweet pomegranate has rough skin color and short and wide leaves; Most acid pomegranates have bright skin color and long and narrow leaves.
Granadas fruit becomes large, multi locular and multi seeded berries after ripening, with many seeds in each chamber; The testa is fleshy, bright red, light red or white, juicy, sweet and sour, which is the edible part; The inner seed coat is horny, but also degenerated and softened, that is, soft seed pomegranate.
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