Black Raspberries Care & Propagation Guide

Written by Ivy

Nov 13 2021

Black Raspberries Care & Propagation Guide
Black raspberries grows in the mountains and is one of the wild fruits that many people like to eat most. But unfortunately, with the growth of time, the number of wild raspberries is becoming less and less. Therefore, if people want to eat black raspberries, they must carry out artificial planting. But in the process of artificial planting, we will encounter many thorny problems. Today, I'll take you to learn how to plant black raspberries scientifically, so as to bring a higher quality harvest.

Black Raspberries Quick Info

Botanical/Scientific Name Rubus Occidentalis
Common Name Black Raspberry
Varieties Black Hawk,Bristol,Cumberland,Jewel,Morrison
Uses Treat stomach pain, bleeding
Origin Western North America
Light Care Full sun
Soil Care Well-drained soil
Temperature Care 70 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit
Humidity Care Moisture
Watering 1 inch of water weekly
Pruning Care Cut back the lateral branches to 12 inches in length
Fertilizer Care About two ounces of a 5-10-5 fertilizer
Propagation Cut a 10 cm (4 inch) piece of the cane in late summer
Toxic No poisonous

Black Raspberries Care in Detail

Black Raspberries Care & Propagation Guide

Black Raspberries Watering

The newly planted black raspberries should be watered 2 hours after planting, so that the beneficial root system is closely adhered to the basin soil, and the water absorption of the beneficial root system can improve the survival rate.

Black Raspberries Soil

Black raspberries needs fertile, well drained soil, good ventilation and windproof facilities.
It is also very important for us to loosen the soil of black raspberries in the field to ensure that the nutrition of the soil is not lost. When choosing the soil, we should choose the place with good air permeability and loose soil as the planting land. Black raspberries should pay attention to the irrigation and addition of fertilizer in the soil after the colonization is completed. If the soil loses nutrients, we can't bring energy to the growth of black raspberries.

Black Raspberries Light

We should choose a place with plenty of sunshine to plant black raspberries, which can increase the yield. Black raspberries can grow in the shade, but the harvest will be poor, which is similar to Dewberries.
Read More:
How to Grow and Care for Dewberries

Black Raspberries Temperature

Black raspberries is suitable for planting in a wide range of ambient temperatures, with an annual average temperature of 15-20 ℃.

Black Raspberries Humidity

We should avoid planting in wet places and windy places, because black raspberries doesn't like too waterlogging or too dry.

Black Raspberries Fertilizer

In the process of planting black raspberries, we should remember to fertilize the soil more, often turn over the soil and increase air flow. When black raspberries grows up, many weeds will grow in the field. These weeds must be pulled out completely, because they will rob the seed of nutrition and make it difficult for the seed to grow.

Black Raspberries Pruning

Black raspberries need to be pruned every year. Raspberries are perennial plants, but it is important to realize that the fruit on the branches of black raspberries can only live for two summers. In the first year, new green branches can grow rapidly. Branches grow brown bark, dormant in winter, and are called flower and fruit branches in the second growing season. Flower and fruit branches bloom from early summer to Midsummer, and then die. New vines grow every year, so they continue to grow fruits every year, so prune those dead branches every year. Black raspberries can be used as dormant plants, bare root plants or potted plants. Bare root seedlings are planted in early spring, as long as the soil can be cultivated. Potted seedlings are planted in the spring after the threat of frost has passed.
The summer bearing black raspberries bear fruit on the branches that have grown for two years, while the new vines grow next to them. It should not be difficult for you to tell which is which. The old black raspberries branches are brown, while the new black raspberries branches are still green. We usually only need to trim the old branches, because they have finished bearing fruit and the task of this year has been completed.
We can finish black raspberries pruning after the last harvest and before the beginning of growth in spring. We can cut down all the vines that can bear fruit to the ground.
In areas where frostbite is common in winter, you can postpone the pruning of new branches until the next spring, when you can judge which vines survived. Before spring begins to grow, we can cut the branches to 30 cm away from the support. At this time, we should pay attention not to trim more than 25% of the length of each branch, so as not to reduce production.

Black Raspberries Pest & Disease Control

Stem rot is a serious disease endangering the basal branches of black raspberries. It usually occurs on the new shoot. First, a dark gray scald like lesion appears near the ground from the sunny surface of the new shoot, about 1.5 ~ 5.5cm long and 0.6 ~ 1.2cm wide. The black raspberries disease spot expands rapidly around, and the disease part changes to brown. There are many small black spots of different sizes on the surface of the disease spot, and the xylem becomes brown and necrotic. With the expansion of the disease part, the leaves and petioles turn yellow and wither, and the whole plant withers in severe cases.
Black raspberries diseased leaves are covered with a layer of white powder, resulting in leaf distortion, deformation or curling. Sometimes the leaves do not show white powder, but show water immersion spots. When it is serious, the new shoots grow dwarf and the fruits are sometimes infected.
Black raspberries can also be harmed by the perforator moth. In autumn, the larva overwinters subcutaneously at the base of the basal branch as a small cocoon. The larvae climbed up the new shoots during leaf spreading, ate into the buds, ate the interior of the buds, and then drilled into the new shoots of black raspberries. The new shoots were killed and died quickly. The adults emerged at the flowering stage and laid eggs in the flowers in the evening. The larvae initially ate berries, but soon moved to the base of the plant for overwintering.
Adults of pests usually begin to eat young leaves in spring, bite into flower buds, eat stamens and nectaries, and the injured flower buds fall off or become deformed fruits. Adults lay eggs in the flowers, hatch larvae after 8 ~ 10 days, and then drill into the fruits to eat. The weight of the killed berries is reduced and easy to rot.
① If the black raspberries planted by us has serious diseases, we can apply the ground medicine in the adult unearthed period in late April, with 2.5% trichlorfon powder of 0.4KG and 25kg fine sand.
② If the black raspberries planted by us have minor diseases and insect pests, we can adopt manual control. When the adults begin to harm the flowers, we can shake the fruiting branches to make the adults fall in appropriate containers and destroy them in a centralized manner.
③ We also need to collect the killed fruits in time and destroy the fruiting larvae after collection.
Black Raspberries Care & Propagation Guide

Black Raspberries Varieties

  • Boyne
  • Heritage
  • Latham
  • Prelude
  • Bababerry
  • Canby

Black Raspberries Benefits

Black raspberries can act on Staphylococcus. It is found that it can inhibit bacteria and Vibrio cholerae. Black raspberries are useful in some antibacterial drugs in life, and the effects are very good. The efficacy and role of black raspberries are very good in these aspects.
The leaves and fruits of black raspberries contain 17 kinds of amino acids, many of which are necessary for our human body. After eating, we can play a very good role in warming the kidney and helping Yang.
Among the efficacy and functions of black raspberries, black raspberries can well protect human vision, especially for the treatment of common ophthalmic diseases of the elderly, such as yellow lesions.
Black raspberries contains flavonoids. It is a good material for beauty and beauty. It can well promote blood circulation, enhance the elasticity of our skin and promote the regeneration of skin cells. It is a rare good product for female friends. At the same time, the efficacy and role of black raspberries are also reflected in strengthening brain, intelligence and anti-aging.

Black Raspberries Care FAQs

Difference between blackberries and black raspberries

Different families and genera
Black raspberries is a shrub of the genus black raspberries of Rosaceae and Rosaceae, and is the mature fruit of black raspberries; BlackBerry is the mature fruit of mulberry, a deciduous tree or shrub belonging to the genus Morus in the mulberry family of urticaria.
Different colors
Black raspberries have different colors, including red, gold and black. Generally, they are purplish red or bright red; Blackberries have many colors, including red, green, purple, black purple and so on, and most of them are black purple.
Different distribution range
Black raspberries is a kind of fruit growing on wild mountains, and it is rare in the market; BlackBerry is a kind of plant growing in fields, hillsides, hills and other places. It is mostly planted manually. It can be seen in supermarkets and major shopping malls.
Different fruits
Black raspberries have hollow and solid fruits in the middle, but most of them are hollow and round in shape; The fruit of blackberries is solid and long in shape. (Find more healthy fruit here.)
Different effects
Black raspberries have the effects of beauty, beauty and kidney, but it is easy to get angry when eating too much, so people with hot constitution or kidney deficiency can't eat too much; Blackberries has the effect of and hematopoiesis. If it is often eaten, it can anemia and make the hair black and shiny.

Can dogs eat black raspberries?

If you give your dog black raspberries, you must eat them in moderation. Eating too much will lead to gastrointestinal discomfort, such as vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain and abdominal distention. You just feed your dog three or four black raspberries every day.
Before we feed black raspberries to dogs, you need to clean them thoroughly. If black raspberries are stored for a long time, there may be mold problems. You must not feed them to dogs, because moldy black raspberries contain mold and mold contains mycotoxin, which may lead to tremor mycotoxin poisoning. This can cause general tremor, which may escalate into physical disharmony and seizures. Symptoms may occur 30 minutes after dog ingestion, or it may take several days to develop symptoms. Finally, black raspberries leaves are also non-toxic, so if your dog accidentally eats black raspberries leaves, you don't have to worry too much.
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