Black Mission Fig Care & Propagation Guide

Written by Ivy

Oct 30 2021

Black Mission Fig Care & Propagation Guide
Black mission fig is a mulberry plant with strong growth potential. It can grow many times a year, but the branching force of branches is weak. What is the cultivation method of black mission fig? We need to understand the growth habit and growth cycle of fig tree before judging.

Black Mission Fig Quick Info

Botanical/Scientific Name Ficus carica Mission
Common Name Black Mission or Franciscana
Varieties Ficus carica
Uses Recipes
Origin Balearic Islands
Light Care 4 to 8 hours of sunlight per day
Soil Care Well-drained soil
Temperature Care Warmer climates
Humidity Care Moist
Watering 1–3/2 inches of water per week from irrigation or rainfall
Pruning Care Prune right after planting
Fertilizer Care Well-balanced fruit tree fertilizer
Propagation Plant the rooting fig's flat end 6 inches
Toxic Non toxic,leaves can be very irritating to dogs

Black Mission Fig Care in Detail

Black Mission Fig Care & Propagation Guide

Black Mission Fig Watering

After two weeks, the root system of black mission fig has adapted to the growth environment. We can slowly move the plant to the place with astigmatism for maintenance. When watering, we should first observe the dryness of the soil. We can water according to the principle of seeing dry and seeing wet. In winter, we need to control the amount of watering and take cold prevention measures.

Black Mission Fig Soil

For black mission fig soil, we'd better choose loose and fertile sandy soil. Garden soil, soil and fine sand can be mixed in the ratio of 3:2:2 as the matrix. After propagation, keep the soil moist, and then move the flower pot to a cool and ventilated place for propagation.
Black mission fig has few requirements for soil. Loose soil with rich organic matter can be used. We can put some stones at the bottom of the flowerpot to block the water outlet to prevent soil leakage. Then put some base fertilizer on the bottom, then put the soil, and then put the fig tree into the flower pot, fill it with soil and compact it. After completion, we should water the black mission Fig. and put it in a cool place to slowly grow the seedlings. Generally, it can grow normally in a week or two. At this time, we can move the flowerpot to a sunny environment for growth.

Black Mission Fig Light

If you want to propagate black mission fig well, you must first understand the growth habits of FIG. Fig has strong adaptability, and black mission fig light is very important, so we should ensure that the black mission fig light can receive sufficient light. Black mission fig is native to the Mediterranean region. It likes a warm and humid growth environment, has strong drought tolerance and can tolerate barren soil. However, black mission fig does not like cold, waterlogging and sunny growth.

Black Mission Fig Temperature

Black mission fig temperature regulation is also very important. We'll cover the curtain at night to keep warm. We also need to keep the soil moist. After the black mission fig temperature unfolds its leaves, we should keep the greenhouse temperature at 25-30 ℃. In the later stage, if the external temperature reaches the appropriate temperature for growth, part of the film will be removed. Fertilizer was used in the flower bud differentiation stage of fig to promote flower bud differentiation and adjust the nutrient conversion rate.

Black Mission Fig Humidity

Black mission fig humidity has developed roots and generally does not need watering. However, when the weather is particularly dry, the orchard should be watered in time to ensure black mission fig humidity. If there is too much rainfall, we should pay attention to drain the accumulated water in time to maintain the sugar content of the fruit and prevent fruit cracking.

Black Mission Fig Fertilizer

When black mission fig enters the growth period, we should properly apply thin fertilizer, mainly compound fertilizer with high nitrogen element, once a month. We can gradually increase the amount of fertilizer when black mission fig grows up, but we should not apply excessive fertilizer to avoid burning the roots of fig tree, and its branches and leaves should be properly trimmed.

Black Mission Fig Pruning

Black mission fig pruning is also very important. When two branches cross, they are short cut at the intersection to promote secondary branches. When we prune black mission fig in winter, 2-3 buds are left at the base of the secondary branch on the main branch for heavy and short cutting, and all the other branches are removed. After winter pruning, heavy and short cutting shall be carried out at 2-3 buds at the base of the fruiting mother branch, and local renewal shall be paid attention to to prevent the fruiting part from moving out. And apply callus anti-corrosion film on the trim mouth to prevent bacterial infection and invasion and protect the healthy healing of the wound.
Generally, the branches in the fig tree crown are not dense, so it is suitable for cultivating the tree shape with no layer or natural open center shape of multiple main branches with central trunk, or branching directly from the ground to form a cluster shrub crown. During black mission fig pruning, we can dry the seedlings at the height of 40cm ~ 50cm. Later, the whole tree will retain 4 ~ 6 main branches, with or without the central trunk.
A certain distance shall be maintained between the main branches. The main branches shall be cut for 40 cm ~ 60 cm every year, and 2 ~ 3 sub main branches shall be configured at appropriate intervals to expand the fruiting surface.
After the completion of black mission fig, only useless bare branches, dense branches, drooping branches and dry branches shall be removed every year, and strong branches and fruits shall be retained as much as possible. For varieties with autumn fruits, the fruit bearing parts are mostly in the middle and lower parts of the new shoots of the current year, and the branches can be moderately shortened. The flower buds of summer fruit varieties are mostly on the top of branches. It is not suitable to cut short and strong branches in winter, so as not to affect the yield.
For fig trees with few branches or fruit bearing parts moving outward year by year, heavy and short cutting can be appropriate in winter to promote new branches. 2 ~ 3 leaf buds at the base can be cut from some black mission fig branches.
Fig branch tissue is loose and the cut healing is slow. After black mission fig pruning in winter, we often dry the lower ~ branches of the cut, affecting the growth of the cut bud. Therefore, wax or other protective agents should be applied to the large cutting edge, and the short section of twigs can be appropriately increased. (Find more healthy fruit here.)

Black Mission Fig Repotting

If we propagate potted black mission fig, we need to choose a large pot and loose and fertile sandy soil. It is most suitable to propagate black mission fig trees. To keep the soil moist after propagation, we can move the flower pot to a cool and ventilated place for maintenance. After two weeks, we can slowly move the black mission fig to a place with astigmatism for maintenance, It can be watered according to the principle of seeing dry and seeing wet, and cold proof measures can be taken in winter.
Black mission fig repainting is best carried out after the pot is bought, because the pot of potted fig tree in the general market is relatively small and the quality of the pot is poor, which is not conducive to the later growth of fig tree. The most suitable season for fig tree transplanting should be spring. Black mission fig repotting can be carried out in spring and autumn.
During black mission fig repotting, we need to select a larger flowerpot because the root system of black mission fig is relatively developed and the flowerpot is too small for the later growth of fig tree. During black mission fig repotting, pay attention not to damage the root system of Fig. it is best to pour water half a day in advance. When transplanting, shoot the flower pot first to separate the soil from the flower pot, and then gently take out the black mission fig with the soil. If it is a potted potted with clay, we can control the water a few days in advance, let the potted soil dry and naturally separate from the potted, and then take out the fig tree with the soil.

Black Mission Fig Pest & Disease Control

Black mission fig has fewer pests and diseases. Mulberry longicorn beetle, root knot nematode and fruit anthracnose are common causes of great harm. The control of mulberry longicorn beetle can refer to the apple part and use poison stick to block it. At present, the prevention and control of root knot nematodes is mainly to avoid continuous cropping in old gardens and quarantine and disinfection of seedlings. If conditions permit, the black mission fig soil can also be disinfected.
We should spray 200 times lime times Bordeaux solution or 75% chlorothalonil 600 ~ 800 times solution as soon as possible before the onset of fruit anthracnose in summer and autumn. The safety interval of the latter application (the days from the last application to harvest) is 7 ~ 14 days.

Black Mission Fig Propagation

Black Mission Fig Care & Propagation Guide

Black Mission Fig Cutting Propagation

Black mission fig cutting propagation is the most common propagation method. The survival rate of seedlings of black mission fig cutting propagation is the highest, and there are many cutting seasons in a year. When cutting in spring, the twigs before germination should be selected, soaked in water for three days and inserted into fine sand. In autumn, the black mission fig cuttings after fallen leaves should be selected. At this time, the sap and stop flowing, which can save more energy.
After the black mission fig cutting propagation, the first step of cutting propagation was completed only after the formation of healing tissue. The formation of healing tissue has a formation period. The cuttings are relatively fragile in the formation period. The temperature control requirements are high, not too high or too low. Water should also be supplied in time. When the temperature rises, water should be supplemented in time.
In the development stage after the formation of healing tissue, we should pay special attention to the watering quality of black mission Fig. mixed mud water cannot be poured. At this time, the leaves are relatively fragile to prevent the mud water from causing leaf paste. The amount of watering depends on the moisture of the soil, just keep the soil moist.
Black mission fig has poor cold resistance, so it is necessary to prepare for anti freezing before winter to prevent saplings from freezing to death in winter.
Black mission Fig. the seedlings enter the growth period after they grow up. At this period, the seedlings begin to have more requirements for fertilizer. We should apply fertilizer once a month, mainly nitrogen-containing compound fertilizer. With the growth of seedlings, the amount of fertilizer should be increased accordingly.

Black Mission Fig Division Propagation

Black mission fig division propagation takes its tiller seedlings for ramet cultivation around the middle and late June; Grafting is generally carried out before fig Germination from mid March to early April. Black mission fig has strong adaptability and can be propagated in pieces. It can be propagated from late February to late April in spring, or in autumn. However, because the cold resistance of black mission fig seedlings is weak, it is better to propagate in spring. Generally, the plant row spacing is 2m × 3M, the density can be higher at the initial stage of garden construction, so as to improve the early yield, and then transplant later. When we dig holes for propagation, we apply enough base fertilizer and water as appropriate.
The best black mission fig shape is the natural open center shape, that is, the saplings planted in that year will be cut for about 20cm, the new shoots will grow from the stems, and 4 ~ 5 light short roots will be left in the next year, and the rest will be cut off. In future pruning, the tree potential shall be balanced and the branches shall be evenly distributed. Generally, when pruning in spring and autumn every year, pest branches, weak branches, aging branches, by branches that do not bear fruit in the coming year, and over dense fruiting mother branches are cut off to facilitate wind prevention, fruit ripening and harvest.

Black Mission Fig Propagation in Water

Black mission fig propagation in water is also acceptable. In the first step, we can cut a strong branch with moderate thickness from the black mission fig, cut it into several sections according to the distance of leaf buds on the branch, ensure that there are 1 ~ 2 full leaf buds on each section, and trim and level the cut.
The second step is to insert the trimmed black mission fig branches into the glass bottle, add water to submerge one-third of the branches, and then add a small amount of rooting powder to promote the roots of the branches. Change the water once a week. Put it in a warm place indoors and wait patiently.
In about half a month, white spots grow at the root of black mission fig, indicating that the root is about to grow. In a month, the branches sprouted and grew new leaves. Now, fig seedling raising has been basically successful. In the rest of the time, we only need to continue hydroponics to cultivate more roots. When it is transplanted into the flower pot next spring, it will become a potted black mission Fig.

Black Mission Fig Benefits

The black mission fig fruit is soft, sweet and has a special flavor. It is rich in fructose and glucose that are easy to be absorbed by the human body. The content of carotene and vitamin C is also relatively high. Moreover, the black mission fig contains a variety of digestive enzymes, which can help digestion. It is a good health fruit. At the same time, black mission fig tastes sweet and flat. It has many effects, such as appetizer, moistening intestines, anti-inflammatory, detoxification, lactation, dysentery and hemorrhoids.

Black Mission Fig Care FAQs

Black mission fig recipes

In addition to fresh food and medicine, it can also process dried and preserved fruits, jam, fruit juice, fruit tea, wine, beverage, canned food, etc. Black mission fig tastes strong and sweet. Flowerless juice and beverage have unique fragrance and taste. It can generate saliva and quench thirst. It is suitable for all ages. In this food tutorial, Tianjian food workshop is going to share several special ways to eat figs. If you like black mission fig, please hurry to watch.
1. Fig jam
The ingredients are as follows: 500g fresh black mission fig, 120g granulated sugar and half a lemon
The specific methods are as follows: we should peel the fresh black mission fig, tear it into small pieces, put it into a large basin, add sugar, add lemon juice, wear disposable gloves, crush the fig, and then put it into a pot, stir it while cooking, cook it until thick, and then prepare two sealed bottles, disinfect, wipe dry, put it into fig jam, cool it and refrigerate it in the refrigerator, Take it out when you want to eat!
2. Fig egg tart
The ingredients are as follows: 150g wheat flour, 75g butter, 45g powdered sugar, 45g egg liquid, 1g salt, 110g light cream, 110g cream cheese, 45g powdered sugar, a few drops of vanilla essence and 7 fresh figs.
The specific methods are as follows: we cut the butter into small pieces, add the Golden Arowana cake, grab it with wheat flour and sugar powder, and then take a little to treat it for standby. The rest is kneaded into dough with egg liquid and salt, wrapped with plastic wrap and refrigerated in the refrigerator for about an hour. We start making tart filling, add sugar to cream cheese, stir and melt it in hot water, Then add light cream, stir and set aside smoothly. Roll the frozen dough on the oil paper into a tart skin of about 2mm, cut it according to the shape of the mold, fork some small holes at the bottom of the tart with a fork, then press it with tin foil and beans, put it in the oven for 180 degrees and 15 minutes, take it out, pour 8 portions of the filling, then put on the black mission fig and sprinkle pastry, Continue to bake at 185 degrees for about 25-30 minutes until you color it!
3. Fig pigeon soup
The ingredients are as follows: 2 pigeons, 10 figs, 5 red dates, 20 medlar, 1 teaspoon salt and 1 piece of ginger.
We can clean up the pigeons, divide them into four, then cut the black mission fig in half, put them into a casserole, add red dates and medlar, add ginger slices, add a little more water than food materials, cover the lid, boil them over high fire, and then turn them to low fire for 1.5 hours. After boiling, add salt to taste!
4. Fig tremella soup
The ingredients are as follows: 1 tremella, 10 figs, 1 carrot, 15g dry Lily and 25g rock sugar.
We can soak the tremella in advance, clean it, cut it into small flowers for standby, peel the carrots and cut them into small pieces for standby, soak the lily in advance, put all the ingredients in the soup pot, then add 2 times the water of the ingredients, and then add 25 grams of rock sugar. After boiling over a high fire, turn it into a low fire for 1.5 hours!
5. Stewed chicken soup with figs
The ingredients are as follows: half an old hen, 10 figs, 10 medlar, 1 ginger and an appropriate amount of salt.
The specific methods are as follows: we can clean up the old hen, chop it into small pieces, put it into the soup pot, cut the black mission fig in half, and put it into the soup pot, then add medlar and ginger slices, add water twice as much as the ingredients, boil it over high fire, and turn it into a low fire for 1.5 hours!
There are many more black mission fig recipes. I'll share these delicious practices first. If you have better suggestions or better practices, you are also welcome to leave a message in the message area! Of course, if you like these practices and don't have time to do them for the time being, you can also collect this article first!

Black mission fig tree in container

There are many kinds of black mission fig tree containers. Moisture permeable clay pot, porcelain pot, cement pot, wooden box and barrel can be used to plant figs, but the size is appropriate, the diameter is 40 ~ 50cm, not less than 30cm, and the height can be similar to the diameter of pot or slightly larger than the diameter of basin.
The soil of black mission fig tree container shall be loose, rich in organic matter, fertilizer, water and gas with good permeability. The humus soil under broad-leaved forest in mountainous area is ideal. It can also be prepared by using 1 / 3 of loam, sand and rotten feces.
We can use 1-year-old seedlings to propagate in pots after defoliation or before germination in spring. Before planting, first compact the filling basin with a large bowl of nutrient soil. The transplanted seedlings were watered first. After seepage, the soil is transplanted into the basin. We should add as many roots as possible, and then fill the soil to make the roots close to the soil. The soil surface is flush with the basin. After the water is solid, the soil surface is 2 to 3 cm away from the basin.
Before the sap flows in early spring, we can cut thick and solid annual branches for cutting, cut 20cm branches and insert them directly into the basin. Because fig branches are easy to take root, green branches with cuttings are also easy to survive during growth.

Black mission fig tree growth rate

Because the growth rate of black mission fig is amazing, we should pay special attention to shaping and pruning when potting black mission Fig. When pruning, first, the plant should be short. After being put into the pot, it should be cut off at 15 ~ 20 cm of the seedling stem. The second is to control vegetative growth and cultivate compact trees with dense branches and short branches. Branches can be divided into long branches, middle branches and short branches, which can bear fruit. Flower buds differentiate from leaf axils at the base of petiole and develop into fruits. In the peak growth season of fruit trees in May and June, pruning methods such as picking the heart, wiping buds and pulling branches can be used to control the vigorous growth of branches, so as to cultivate short and strong medium and short branches with short internodes and increase the fruit density. Black mission fig will begin to bear fruit in 2-6 years. Under good conditions, it may bear fruit twice a year. Black mission fig is a very popular Fig. Black mission fig can produce two crops every year. Breba is planted in a large area in spring and smaller main crops are planted in late summer or early autumn.
Read Next:
Best Fruits -19 Fruits That Can Improve Your Health