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String of buttons profile

Written by Maggie

Feb 05 2021

String of buttons profile

A string of buttons, scientific name Crassula perforata,  belongs to the family Chrysosaurus. The string of buttons is clumpy, fleshy stem, later slightly lignified, fleshy leaves grey-green to light green, slightly red leaf margin. String of buttons is pleasant to sunshine and cool, dry environment, resistant to half shade, afraid of waterlogging, avoid hot and humid. String of buttons is native South Africa.

String of buttons picture

String of buttons

String of buttons morphology characteristics

String of buttons (Crassula perforata) is a perennial succulent, lock plant, about 60 cm high, potted plants can be controlled in 20 cm, with a small branch, stem fleshy, slightly after lignification, fleshy leaves gray-green to pale green, margin slightly red, in the late autumn to early spring cold season, sunny, under the condition of the large temperature difference between day and night more obvious. Leaf blade of String of buttons (Crassula perforata) is ovoid triangular, petiolate free, the base of which is joined together, young leaves superposition, old leaves with a few spacing between the upper and lower, leaves 1.5 -- 2.5cm long, 0.9 -- 1.3cm wide. Florets are white, inconspicuous. Some Succulent lovers and operators also refer to String of buttons as the golden day of money. String of buttons (Crassula perforata) height is about 20cm, erect growth at first, later with the increase of branching, light-headed, gradually dropping growth. The stem of String of buttons is much branched, fleshy at first, then hollow, the epidermis of the stem is white at first, then brown, the leaves are sessile, alternating opposite, closely arranged, the length of the leaves is about 1 cm, the width and thickness are about 0.6cm, the front side is flat, the back side is round and hemispherical, the leaves are hard, the color of the leaves is yellow and green, and the edges are slightly red. Flowers of String of buttons are white to Lemon yellow with pink stamens.

String of buttons growing habits

String of buttons (Crassula perforata) are succulent plants that love the sun, but are afraid of the hot sun exposure. Therefore, String of buttons can enjoy full sunshine in spring, autumn and winter. In hot summer, shade should be appropriately shaded and a good ventilation environment should be maintained.

String of buttons (Crassula perforata) are not cold resistant and can withstand the low temperature of about 5℃. Low temperature String of buttons are prone to frostbite and even death.

String of buttons (Crassula perforata) are more resistant to drought, watering only when dry. Keep the soil moist during the growing season to avoid standing water, which can cause root and base rot. Winter in the indoor sunshine, if you can maintain more than 10 degrees Celsius, you can continue to water, the temperature is low to stop watering.

String of buttons

String of buttons growing methods

Lighting management

String of buttons (Crassula perforata) are succulent plants that love the sun, but are afraid of the hot sun exposure. Therefore, String of buttons can enjoy full sunshine in spring, autumn and winter. In hot summer, shade should be appropriately shaded and a good ventilation environment should be maintained.

Temperature management

String of buttons (Crassula perforata) are not cold resistant and can withstand the low temperature of about 5℃. Low temperatures are prone to frostbite and even death.

Water management

String of buttons (Crassula perforata) are more resistant to drought, watering only when dry. Keep the soil moist during the growing season to avoid standing water, which can cause root and base rot. Winter in the indoor sunshine, if you can maintain more than 10 degrees Celsius, can continue to water, the temperature is low to stop watering.

Fertilization management

String of buttons (Crassula perforata) are fattening succulents. Apply a thin, decaying liquid fertilizer every 15 days or so to promote plant growth. Stop applying fertilizer during slow growth or dormant period.

Soil requirements

String of buttons (Crassula perforata) are not high in soil requirements, basin soil should be loose and fertile, with good drainage and air permeability, can be planted in leaf rot soil, Garden soil, coarse sand or vermiculite mixed soil.

String of buttons propagation method

How are fleshy strings of buttons (Crassula perforata) propagated? In fact, it is the same as any other fleshy plant. Can you propagate strings of buttons with leaves or stems.

Stem insertion propagation of String of buttons (Crassula perforata): cut robust String of buttons with leaf stem segment, the length of the requirements are not strict, but there should be 2 sections, in order to prevent decay, should be air for 1 to 2 days, such as the wound dry inserted in leaf rot soil mixed with sand or vermiculite culture soil, after a little moisture, it is easy to root.

Second, leaf propagation: take String of buttons (Crassula perforata) robust, mature fleshy leaves, drying 1 to 2 days on the sand or vermiculite flat, pay attention to make the base of the leaves and cuttage media closely combined, after keeping wet, about 20 days the base will have new roots, new shoots grow out.

String of buttons