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Spiny Spider Flower (Cleome Hassleriana) Profile

Written by Maggie

Nov 09 2021

Spiny Spider Flower (Cleome Hassleriana) Profile

Spiny Spider Flower, also called Cleome hassleriana, has long and strong pedicels, racemes form a luxuriant flower ball, beautiful and unique flower shape, petals reunion like a fan, stamens protrude like claws, like butterflies flying, delicate and charming, first pink white, then pink, a multi-color flower, with nectaries, often make flying butterflies happy, hence the name. Spiny Spider Flower long stamen portrays out of the corolla, and looks like a spider or a dragon beard, which is quite interesting. When a Spiny spider flower opens, the petals slowly open and the long claws bend and pop out of the flower, like a fast clip in a movie. The ground can be planted in the courtyard wall, under the tree. Potatoes can be displayed in front of the window desk, and we should control plant form, not make them grow too high.

Spiny Spider Flower info

Botanical Name Cleome Spinosa
Common Name Cleomes, spider flower, Rocky Mountain bee plant, stinking clover
Plant Type Annual
Mature Size 1.5 to 5 feet tall and 1 to 2 feet wide
Sun Full sun, part sun
Flower Color White, pink, lavender, rose
Hardiness Zones 10, 11
Native Area South America

Spiny Spider Flower Picture

Spiny Spider Flower

Spiny Spider Flower Origin

Spiny spider flower (Cleome hassleriana) is native to the tropical region of South America, and is now widely cultivated all over the world.

Spiny Spider Flower Characteristics

Spiny Spider Flower  (Cleome hassleriana) is a kind of herb, annual, 60-100cm tall, covered with sticky glandular hairs, branches and leaves odorous. Palmate compound leaves are alternate, 5-7 leaflets, long elliptic-lanceolate, petiole, two stipules evolved into hook spines. Racemes are terminal, flowering and elongating, many flowers, 4 petals, lavender, with long claws, 6 stamens, filaments about 7cm long, more than twice the petals, bluish-purple, clearly protruding outside the flower; The pistil is longer. The flowering period is from July to October. The capsule is fine cylindrical, containing most seeds.

Spiny Spider Flower Habits

Spiny Spider Flowers like light, warm and dry environments, can tolerate shade, not cold, requires loose and fertile soil.

Spiny Spider Flower Diseases & Pests Care

Spiny Spider Flower (Cleome hassleriana)often suffers leaf spot and rust damage. With leaf spot, spray 50% toerjin wettable powder 500 times liquid. With rust, we can use 50% wilting rust ling wettable powder 3000 times liquid spray wine to control. (Find more Vine Plants Indoor here.)

Spiny Spider Flower Benefits

Spiny Spiderflower (Cleome hassleriana) is suitable for arranging ballast autumn flower beds, tree altar, etc., or for close source plant cultivation, and can also be potted ornamental. Spiny spider flower -- colorful, rather beautiful, suitable for Flower beds, flower borders, or on the side of the road, forest edge planted in patches. spiny spider Flower is suitable for the layout of the courtyard in front of the window, and also cut flowers for viewing.

Spiny Spiderflower are very good anti-fouling flowers, and its sulfur dioxide, chlorine resistance is very strong, not only can beautify the environment, but also an excellent nectar source plant. You can extract high quality essential oil.

Flower Language of Spiny Spider Flower

The flower language and symbolic meaning of Spiny Spider Flower: Mystery.

Spiny Spider Flower Care in Detail

Spiny Spider Flower Lighting

Spiny Spider Flower develop first-rate in full sun, as shady stipulations can make them develop so tall as to topple over. If you begin with transplants, you will see blossoms from early summer season till the first frost. Gardeners developing cleome plants from seed generally see their first plant life in mid to late June, relying on the climate.

Spiny Spider Flower Soil Care

Spiny Spiderflowers do fine in common backyard soil or wealthy well-drained backyard loam.

Spiny Spider Flower Pruning

When pruning the spiny spider flower, we need to remove the dead branches and old leaves to reduce the consumption of excess nutrients. We can trim the excessively long and dense branches of the spiny spider flower, which can well improve the growth morphology of the spiny spider flower. After pruning the pest branches of spiny spider flower, it can effectively avoid the breeding of bacteria and insects. The pruned spiny spider flower needs to be moved to a ventilated and cool place for maintenance.
Spiny spider flower needs to remove some dead branches and rotten leaves in time to reduce excess nutrient consumption. During the growth period of drunken butterfly flower, due to the metabolism of the plant, after the withered branches and leaves are removed, the nutrients are more concentrated, which can promote the germination of new branches and leaves and concentrate nutrients at the same time.
As an annual herb, spiny spider flower has dense branches and leaves and grows rapidly. It is necessary to prune some long branches, which can effectively improve the growth morphology of drunken butterfly flower. Timely remove the dense branches of the spiny spider flower, which can play a role in plasticity and effectively strengthen the appreciation of the spiny spider flower.

Spiny Spider Flower Repotting

The configuration of spiny spider flower repotting matrix requires peat, perlite, pine needle, garden soil and other materials. We can mix peat, perlite, pine needle and garden soil in the proportion of 5:1:3:1, and add a slow-release fertilizer in the proportion of 8 ~ 10g per kilogram of matrix. Slow-release fertilizer can make the seedlings continuously obtain fertilizer with each watering. The validity period of slow-release fertilizer is generally three months. Then add water to wet the matrix and stir evenly.
During spiny spider flower repotting, we can fully fill the configured substrate into the basin, dig a hole in the center of the substrate with our fingers, and then take out the seedlings of spin spider flower from the hole plate and put the whole into the dug hole. Spiny spider flower is suitable for shallow planting. The best depth of planting is that the substrate just covers the root of seedlings. The filled substrate shall be kept 1 cm away from the edge of the basin to facilitate watering in the future. Water the spiny spider flower immediately after repotting. Water immediately after transplanting.

Spiny Spider Flower Watering

Once established, Spiny Spider Flowers are drought-tolerant, making them a welcome addition to the xeriscape garden. Add a 3-inch layer of natural mulch to their planting bed, and you will limit their water wishes even further.

Spiny Spider Flower Temperature & Humidity

For profitable germination, Spiny Spider Flowers want higher-than-normal temperatures. Fluctuating day/night temperatures are quintessential for most advantageous germination. During the day, temperatures must vary from eighty to eighty five ranges Fahrenheit; nightly temperatures must continue to be between sixty eight and 70 F. The humidity need to be from ninety to a hundred percent. As the plant grows, the temperatures can be lower, from seventy five to eighty F at some stage in the day and 60 to sixty five F at night. Cleomes are no longer frost-tolerant.

Spiny Spider Flower Fertilizer

If the usage of exact well-drained soil and mulch, no fertilizer is necessary for Spiny Spider Flower.
Spiny Spider Flower

Spiny Spider Flower Propagation

In the middle of April, the seeds will be planted in the open bed, the seedlings come out neatly. Seedlings grow slowly and need to be thinned in time after sowing. Transplant with 2-3 true leaves, planting or potted in June, fertilization every half a month during the growth period, such as too many fertilization plants easy to grow empty, affect plant state and flowering, general spring sowing autumn flowering, autumn sowing winter, see in the indoor flower. Seeds are easy to scatter, and we need to pick seeds in time.

Spiny Spider Flower Cutting Propagation

The optimum temperature for rooting of spiny spider flower cutting propagation is 18 ℃ - 25 ℃, lower than 18 ℃, the rooting of cuttings is difficult and slow; When the temperature is higher than 25 ℃, the scissor mouth of cuttings is easy to be infected by bacteria and rot, and the higher the temperature, the greater the proportion of rot.
In case of low temperature after cutting, the thermal insulation measures are mainly to wrap the flower pot or container used for cutting with film; When cutting temperature is too high, the measures to cool down are mainly to shade the shading, cover the 50-80% of the sun, and spray the cuttings 3-5 times a day. The higher the temperature is, the higher the temperature is.
After spiny spider flower cutting propagation, we must keep the relative humidity of the air at 75-85%. Spray can be used to increase the humidity by 1-3 times a day. The higher the temperature is, the higher the temperature is. The lower the temperature is, the less the spray will be. But spraying too much, the cuttings are easily rotted by the infection of bacteria, because many kinds of germs exist in water.
Spiny spider flower cutting propagation is inseparable from sunlight. However, the stronger the light, the higher the temperature in the cuttings, the stronger the transpiration of cuttings and the more water consumed, which is not conducive to the survival of cuttings.
Therefore, after the spiny spider flower cutting propagation, the sunlight must be blocked by 50-80%. After the roots grow, the shading net shall be gradually removed.

Spiny Spider Flower Sowing Propagation

Spiny spider flower sucking propagation is mostly carried out in spring, and April is the best sowing time. In this season, the climate is completely warmer and there is sufficient rain, which is very beneficial to seed germination, better budding effect and more prosperous flower growth. Different regions have certain differences in climate, so the sowing time depends on the specific situation.
Spiny spider flower likes light. Sufficient light can make flowering more vigorous, so it should be planted in a sunny place. Spiny spider flower does not have high requirements for soil and has strong adaptability. However, it is better to be fertile, moist and slightly acidic with good drainage. It will grow poorly in sandy soil, clay or alkaline soil, so it is necessary to choose a suitable planting place.
When we are in the spiny spider flower sowing propagation, we should spread the seeds evenly in the soil. We should pay attention that the sowing should not be too deep, otherwise it is unfavorable for budding. After sowing, we can wait for the seeds to sprout by covering the soil and maintaining a certain temperature and humidity.
Planting spiny spider flower seeds is only the first step of planting. After the seeds germinate and emerge, the growers still need to take care of them and do a good job in maintenance. In fact, this kind of flower is easy to manage. It can withstand drought, but it should maintain high air humidity. It should be watered every day in midsummer, but keep the leaves dry at night.

When to Plant Spiny Spider Flower

The planting of spiny spider flower should be carried out in spring. The specific time depends on the temperature of the area. It is best when the temperature is above 20 degrees, and the seeds can germinate better and faster. We should pay attention to the preparation of loose, breathable and nutrient-rich spiny spider flower matrix. When we are ready, we can sprinkle the seeds directly on the soil surface. In the later stage, pay attention to the moisture and heat preservation of spiny spider flower, which can germinate in about a week. When the seedlings grow to two or three centimeters high, we should divide the seedlings and manage them in time.

When does Spiny Spider Flower Bloom&Harvest

Of course, the spiny spider flower can bloom, and the flowering period is not short at all. Generally, the spiny spider flower can bloom from April, and the flower opening time is about three to four months, that is, it can't bloom in July and August, mainly because the flower withers due to high temperature.

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