Written by Maggie
Nov 09 2021
Spiny Spider Flower, also called Cleome hassleriana, has long and strong pedicels, racemes form a luxuriant flower ball, beautiful and unique flower shape, petals reunion like a fan, stamens protrude like claws, like butterflies flying, delicate and charming, first pink white, then pink, a multi-color flower, with nectaries, often make flying butterflies happy, hence the name. Spiny Spider Flower long stamen portrays out of the corolla, and looks like a spider or a dragon beard, which is quite interesting. When a Spiny spider flower opens, the petals slowly open and the long claws bend and pop out of the flower, like a fast clip in a movie. The ground can be planted in the courtyard wall, under the tree. Potatoes can be displayed in front of the window desk, and we should control plant form, not make them grow too high.
|Botanical Name||Cleome Spinosa|
|Common Name||Cleomes, spider flower, Rocky Mountain bee plant, stinking clover|
|Mature Size||1.5 to 5 feet tall and 1 to 2 feet wide|
|Sun||Full sun, part sun|
|Flower Color||White, pink, lavender, rose|
|Hardiness Zones||10, 11|
|Native Area||South America|
Spiny spider flower (Cleome hassleriana) is native to the tropical region of South America, and is now widely cultivated all over the world.
Spiny Spider Flower (Cleome hassleriana) is a kind of herb, annual, 60-100cm tall, covered with sticky glandular hairs, branches and leaves odorous. Palmate compound leaves are alternate, 5-7 leaflets, long elliptic-lanceolate, petiole, two stipules evolved into hook spines. Racemes are terminal, flowering and elongating, many flowers, 4 petals, lavender, with long claws, 6 stamens, filaments about 7cm long, more than twice the petals, bluish-purple, clearly protruding outside the flower; The pistil is longer. The flowering period is from July to October. The capsule is fine cylindrical, containing most seeds.
Spiny Spider Flowers like light, warm and dry environments, can tolerate shade, not cold, requires loose and fertile soil.
Spiny Spider Flower (Cleome hassleriana)often suffers leaf spot and rust damage. With leaf spot, spray 50% toerjin wettable powder 500 times liquid. With rust, we can use 50% wilting rust ling wettable powder 3000 times liquid spray wine to control. (Find more Vine Plants Indoor here.)
Spiny Spiderflower (Cleome hassleriana) is suitable for arranging ballast autumn flower beds, tree altar, etc., or for close source plant cultivation, and can also be potted ornamental. Spiny spider flower -- colorful, rather beautiful, suitable for Flower beds, flower borders, or on the side of the road, forest edge planted in patches. spiny spider Flower is suitable for the layout of the courtyard in front of the window, and also cut flowers for viewing.
Spiny Spiderflower are very good anti-fouling flowers, and its sulfur dioxide, chlorine resistance is very strong, not only can beautify the environment, but also an excellent nectar source plant. You can extract high quality essential oil.
The flower language and symbolic meaning of Spiny Spider Flower: Mystery.
In the middle of April, the seeds will be planted in the open bed, the seedlings come out neatly. Seedlings grow slowly and need to be thinned in time after sowing. Transplant with 2-3 true leaves, planting or potted in June, fertilization every half a month during the growth period, such as too many fertilization plants easy to grow empty, affect plant state and flowering, general spring sowing autumn flowering, autumn sowing winter, see in the indoor flower. Seeds are easy to scatter, and we need to pick seeds in time.
The optimum temperature for rooting of spiny spider flower cutting propagation is 18 ℃ - 25 ℃, lower than 18 ℃, the rooting of cuttings is difficult and slow; When the temperature is higher than 25 ℃, the scissor mouth of cuttings is easy to be infected by bacteria and rot, and the higher the temperature, the greater the proportion of rot.
In case of low temperature after cutting, the thermal insulation measures are mainly to wrap the flower pot or container used for cutting with film; When cutting temperature is too high, the measures to cool down are mainly to shade the shading, cover the 50-80% of the sun, and spray the cuttings 3-5 times a day. The higher the temperature is, the higher the temperature is.
After spiny spider flower cutting propagation, we must keep the relative humidity of the air at 75-85%. Spray can be used to increase the humidity by 1-3 times a day. The higher the temperature is, the higher the temperature is. The lower the temperature is, the less the spray will be. But spraying too much, the cuttings are easily rotted by the infection of bacteria, because many kinds of germs exist in water.
Spiny spider flower cutting propagation is inseparable from sunlight. However, the stronger the light, the higher the temperature in the cuttings, the stronger the transpiration of cuttings and the more water consumed, which is not conducive to the survival of cuttings.
Therefore, after the spiny spider flower cutting propagation, the sunlight must be blocked by 50-80%. After the roots grow, the shading net shall be gradually removed.
Spiny spider flower sucking propagation is mostly carried out in spring, and April is the best sowing time. In this season, the climate is completely warmer and there is sufficient rain, which is very beneficial to seed germination, better budding effect and more prosperous flower growth. Different regions have certain differences in climate, so the sowing time depends on the specific situation.
Spiny spider flower likes light. Sufficient light can make flowering more vigorous, so it should be planted in a sunny place. Spiny spider flower does not have high requirements for soil and has strong adaptability. However, it is better to be fertile, moist and slightly acidic with good drainage. It will grow poorly in sandy soil, clay or alkaline soil, so it is necessary to choose a suitable planting place.
When we are in the spiny spider flower sowing propagation, we should spread the seeds evenly in the soil. We should pay attention that the sowing should not be too deep, otherwise it is unfavorable for budding. After sowing, we can wait for the seeds to sprout by covering the soil and maintaining a certain temperature and humidity.
Planting spiny spider flower seeds is only the first step of planting. After the seeds germinate and emerge, the growers still need to take care of them and do a good job in maintenance. In fact, this kind of flower is easy to manage. It can withstand drought, but it should maintain high air humidity. It should be watered every day in midsummer, but keep the leaves dry at night.
The planting of spiny spider flower should be carried out in spring. The specific time depends on the temperature of the area. It is best when the temperature is above 20 degrees, and the seeds can germinate better and faster. We should pay attention to the preparation of loose, breathable and nutrient-rich spiny spider flower matrix. When we are ready, we can sprinkle the seeds directly on the soil surface. In the later stage, pay attention to the moisture and heat preservation of spiny spider flower, which can germinate in about a week. When the seedlings grow to two or three centimeters high, we should divide the seedlings and manage them in time.
Of course, the spiny spider flower can bloom, and the flowering period is not short at all. Generally, the spiny spider flower can bloom from April, and the flower opening time is about three to four months, that is, it can't bloom in July and August, mainly because the flower withers due to high temperature.Read Next: