Written by Maggie
Nov 26 2020
Solanum lycopersicum is native to South America, widely cultivated in northern and southern China. Solanum lycopersicum fruit is rich in nutrients and has a special flavor. It can be eaten raw, cooked, processed tomato sauce, juice or whole fruit jar.
Solanum lycopersicum is an annual herbaceous plant of the nightshade family. The plant is 0.6 ~ 2 m tall, and the whole mucous glandular hair has a strong smell. The stem is prone to lodging. Leaves are pinnate compound or pinnate, 10 ~ 40 cm long, lobules irregular, unequal in size, often 5 ~ 9, ovate or rectangular, 5 ~ 7 cm long, margin with irregular serrate or lobed. Peduncle is 2 ~ 5 cm long, often 3 ~ 7 flowers;Pedicel length 1 ~ 1.5 cm. Calyx spokes, lobes lanceolate, fruit persistent. Corolla is radial, ca. 2 cm in diam., yellow. Solanum lycopersicum berry is oblate or nearly globose, succulent and juicy, orange or bright red, smooth. The seeds are yellow. Flowering period is in summer and autumn.
Solanum lycopersicum is a temperature-loving vegetable. Under normal conditions, the optimum temperature for assimilation was 20 ~ 25℃, and the optimum soil temperature for root growth was 20 ~ 22℃.Very bright light. The light saturation point is 7000lx, and the appropriate light intensity is 3000-50000lx. Solanum lycopersicum is also a short-day plant. Solanum lycopersicum likes water, generally 60% ~ 80% soil humidity, 45% ~ 50% air humidity is appropriate.
Solanum lycopersicum is not very strict about soil conditions. In the deep soil layer, well drained, rich in organic matter of the fertile loam, it grows well.PH6 ~ 7 is appropriate for soil ph.
Solanum lycopersicum is native to South America and widely cultivated in northern and southern China.
Solanum lycopersicum fruit is rich in nutrients and has a special flavor. It can be eaten raw, cooked, processed into Solanum lycopersicum sauce, juice or whole fruit jar.
Solanum lycopersicum has the functions of producing saliva and relieving thirst, nourishing stomach and eliminating food, clearing heat and eliminating heat, nourishing kidney and diuresis. It can treat fever, thirst, loss of appetite, heat and other diseases. Solanum lycopersicum has obvious hemostatic, hypotensive and cholesterol lowering effects, and has special efficacy in the treatment of hemophilia and scurfy skin disease.