Written by Maggie
Nov 18 2020
Pinus massoniana Lamb is a kind of precious high-grade nutritious food raw material, which is the flower bone when the pine male branches shoot new buds in spring.
Pinus massoniana Lamb is a tree with a height of 45 meters and a diameter of 1.5 meters at breast height; the bark is reddish brown, the lower part is grayish brown, cracked into irregular scaly pieces. The branches of pinus massoniana lamb are spread out or obliquely, and the crown is wide and tower-shaped or umbrella-shaped. The branches grow once a year, but in southern Guangdong they usually grow two rounds. They are pale yellowish brown, without white powder, rare white powder. Winter buds are oval cylindrical Shaped or cylindrical, brown, pointed at the top, with filiform edges on the bud scales, pointed at the apex or into a pointed long point, slightly recurved. Needles are with 2 needles in one bunch, thin 3 needles in one bunch, 12-20 cm long, soft, slightly twisted, with stomatal lines on both sides, and fine serrations on the edges; monotypes of cells in the subcutaneous layer of the transverse section. The first layer is continuous, and the second layer is composed of individual cells intermittently arranged. There are about 4-8 resin channels, which grow on the back side or 2 sides on the ventral surface. The leaf sheaths are brown at first, and then gradually become gray-black and persist. Male cones are reddish-brown, cylindrical, curved, 1-1.5 cm long, clustered in the lower bract axils of new branches, spike-like; female cones are solitary or 2-4 clustered near the top of new branches, light purple red , Small annual cones are round or ovoid, about 2 cm in diameter, brown or purple-brown, the scales of the upper bead scale have short spines upright, and the scales of the lower bead scales are flat and blunt without spines. Cones are ovoid or conical ovoid, 4-7 cm long, 2.5-4 cm in diameter, short stalks, drooping, green before maturity, chestnut brown when ripe, falling off one after another. Middle seed scales are nearly rectangular and obovate , or nearly rectangular, about 3 cm long; scale shield rhombus, slightly raised or flat, slightly obvious transverse ridges, scale umbilicus slightly concave, no thorns, born in a dry environment often have very short spines; seeds long ovoid, 4-6 mm long, 2-2.7 cm long wing; 5-8 cotyledons; 1.2-2.4 cm long; primary leaves are strip-shaped, 2.5-3.6 cm long, with sparse spines on the edge of the leaf. Flowering period is from April to May, and the cones mature are from October to December the following year.
Pinus massoniana Lamb grows in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River and is vertically distributed below 700 meters above sea level, in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River below 1100-1200 meters above sea level, and in the west below 1500 meters above sea level.
Ecological environment: 1. Born in mountains below 1500m above sea level. 2. Born in the mountains at an altitude of 100-2600m. 3. pinus massoniana Lamb was born in temperate coastal mountains and plains. 4. Born in the eastern coastal mountains.
Resource distribution: 1. Distributed in Shaanxi, Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Fujian, Taiwan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan and other places. 2. Distributed in Northeast, North China, Northwest, Henan, Shandong, Jiangsu and other places. 3. Distributed in Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Shandong and Jiangsu. Cultivated in Nanjing. 4. Distributed in Liaoning, Shandong, Jiangsu and other places; cultivated in Wuhan, Nanjing, Shanghai, Hangzhou and other places.
Produced in Jiangsu (Liuhe, Yizheng), Anhui (Huaihe River Basin, south of Dabie Mountain), Xiakou in western Henan, south of Hanshui Basin in Shaanxi, provinces in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, south of Fujian, Guangdong, northern low mountains and west coast of Taiwan, West to the east slope of Daxinganling in central Sichuan, southwest to Guiyang, Bijie, Guizhou and Funing, Yunnan. There are masson pine plantations in northern Vietnam.