Pentas lanceolata profile

Written by Maggie

Oct 22 2021

Pentas lanceolata profile

Pentas Lanceolata, commonly known as Egyptian starcluster, is an erect or extroverted subshrub of the Rubiaceae family, up to 70 cm high, covered with hairs. Leaf blade is ovate, elliptic or oblong, apically short, base tapering into a short stalk. The cymes are dense, terminal; Flowers are sessile, style unusually long, corolla lilac, larynx densely hairy, crown eaves spreading, flowering summer autumn.

Pentas Lanceolata picture

Pentas Lanceolata

The growing environment of Pentas Lanceolata

Pentas Lanceolata (Egyptian starcluster) plants like to grow in a sunny environment. The stronger the light, the tighter and stronger the plants will grow. If there is not enough light, the plants will suffer from poor growth and listlessness. In the growing period, we should keep the night temperature above 17-18℃, and the daily temperature above 22-24℃. The temperature below 10℃ will make the flowers irregular and delay or hinder the opening of flowers.

Morphological characteristics of Pentas Lanceolata

Pentas Lanceolata ((Egyptian starcluster) is a herb, stems erect, slender, usually green, brownish closer to root, branching from base, 25 -- 60 cm high or higher, cylindrical; Branchlets are slender, erect or obliquely ascending, grayish hairy.


Leaves are single opposite, ovate, elliptic or ovate-lanceolate, 6-10 cm long and 2.5-3.5 cm wide, apex acute or acuminate, base obtuse or acuminate, papery, glossy green on the surface, light green on the back; The surface is smooth and glabrous, and the back is gray, especially the veins. The middle rib was concave on the surface and uplifted on the back, the lateral veins were 9~13 pairs, obviously, concave on the surface and uplifted on the back; The petiole is 1~1.5 cm long, hairy;Deciduous or mitotic, hairy.


The flowers are many, medium, variable color, red, purple, pink, white, etc., at opening diameter of 0.9~1.2 cm, the cymes are arranged at the end of the stem or at the end of the axillary buds, and look like halves; Inflorescences are 2 -- 3.5 cm long, hairy. The pedicel is short, 0.2~0.3 cm long, pilose. The calyx is spherical, 0.1 ~ 0.15 cm across. The corolla is tubular, 1.5-2.5cm long, slender crown tube, slightly enlarged apex, sparsely hairy outside, densely white velvet at inflated apex inside; There were 5 lobes at the apex; Lobes are ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate, apex acute; It has 5 stamens, not extending out of corolla; The ovary is smooth and glabrous; The style is linear, extending beyond corolla, stigma 2-lobed, lobes linear.


The fruit is a capsule, approximately spherical, 0.4~0.5 cm in diameter, with 5 ribs.

Pentas Lanceolata

The distribution of Pentas Lanceolata

Pentas Lanceolata ((Egyptian starcluster) are native to tropical Africa, Madagascar and Arabia, and are also cultivated in southern China.

The main value of Pentas Lanceolata

Pentas Lanceolata (Egyptian starcluster) is one of the important flowers in tropical gardens. It has small flowers, unique star-shaped flowers, rich and gorgeous colors, and many flowers cluster into balls with a long-lasting flowering period.Can be moved as summer, autumn flower border filling material. pentas Lanceolata potted garden can decorate the courtyard, corridor, pavilion, platform, flower bed, large number of plants in the flower bed, and can get a more beautiful landscape. The colors of pentas lanceolata are pink, red, pink and white, etc. Pentas flowers are very colorful and gorgeous. Pentas Lanceolata is commonly used in gardening applications. General flowering period from March to October, warm days in the south, and even can extend flowering to New Year's Day and the Spring Festival, very ornamental.

Pentas Lanceolata