Written by Maggie
Nov 17 2020
Moneses uniflora (Linn.) A. Gray is a small perennial green herb, born under fir forests or in humid places in rhododendron shrubs at an altitude of 2800-3800 meters. It belongs to the genus Moneses uniflora (Linn.) A. Gray. There is only one species in the genus Moneses uniflora (Linn.) A. Gray, and there is only one species in China. The planting plants are short and unique, with evergreen leaves and white flowers, which can be used for the greening of the ground under the forest.
Moneses uniflora (Linn.) A. Gray is an evergreen grass-like dwarf subshrub, 4-17 cm high; rhizomes are thin, linear, horizontal, branched, with adventitious roots and above-ground stems. The leaves are opposite or nearly whorled at the base of the stem, thin leathery, round ovoid or nearly round, 0.9-1.5 mm long, several times the same width as the length, apex rounded and obtuse, base nearly round or broadly wedge-shaped. It extends slightly downward on the petiole, with serrated edges, green on the top and light green below; the petiole is nearly twice as short as the leaf and 4-8 mm long. Scape has narrow wings, with 1-2 scale-like leaves, ovate, pocket-like, 3-4 mm long and 2.5-3 mm wide, with fine ciliate edges. The flower is solitary at the top of the scape. The corolla is widely spread horizontally, dish-shaped, 1.5-2.5 cm in diameter, drooping, white, and fragrant; sepals are oval or ovate-elliptic, about 2-2.5 mm in length, shorter than the petals 3-4 times or more, apex is nearly round or blunt, with fine ciliate on the edge, green or light greenish white; petals are ovoid, 7-10 mm long and 4-7 mm wide; stamens 10, 2 with petals each opposite, filaments slender, glabrous, anthers with long small horns, split at the top, yellow; style erect, 3.5-5 mm long, stigma capitate, 5-lobed. The capsule is subglobose, 6-8 mm in diameter, and has 5 petals from the base upward. There is no spider filamentous hair on the edge of the valve. Flowering period is from July to August; fruiting period in August.
Moneses uniflora (Linn.) A. Gray has a longer flowering period. Because there is only one flower, there is only one stamen in the flower, and the chance of pollination is relatively small, so this type of plant has a longer flowering time.
Moneses uniflora (Linn.) A. Gray was born in a dark coniferous forest covered with moss in the mountains at an altitude of 900-3800 meters.
Moneses uniflora (Linn.) A. Gray is produced in Heilongjiang, Jilin, Shanxi, Gansu, Xinjiang, northern Sichuan, northwestern Yunnan and Taiwan. North Korea, the Soviet Union, Japan, Europe, and North America are also distributed.
Moneses uniflora (Linn.) A. Gray plants are short and unique, with evergreen leaves and white flowers, which can be used for the greening of the ground under the forest. Moneses uniflora (Linn.) A. Gray is a single species of plant in the Northeast. Due to the perennial digging and using it as scientific experiment materials, coupled with the destruction of the living environment, the area of wild populations has decreased sharply.