Magnolia liliflora Desr profile

Written by Maggie

Nov 18 2020

Magnolia liliflora Desr profile

Magnolia liliflora Desr is a plant endemic to China, distributed in Yunnan, Fujian, Hubei, Sichuan and other places in China. It grows in areas between 300 meters and 1,600 meters above sea level, and generally grows on the edge of forest on mountain slopes. The flowers of Magnolia liliflora Desr are gorgeous, elegant and fragrant. They are beautiful in solitary or clump planting. The trees are graceful and luxuriant. It is an excellent garden and street greening plant. It is a traditional flower and traditional Chinese medicine with a history of more than 2,000 years in China. Magnolia liliflora Desr is included in the "World Conservation Union" (IUCN) ver 3.2: 2009 Plant Red List. And it is not easy to transplant and maintain, it is a very precious flower.

Magnolia liliflora Desr picture

Magnolia liliflora Desr

Morphological characteristics of Magnolia liliflora Desr

Magnolia liliflora Desr is a deciduous shrub, up to 3 meters high, often in clusters, bark grayish brown, branchlets green purple or light brown purple.

Magnolia liliflora Desr leaves are elliptical, obovate or obovate, 8-18 cm long, 3-10 cm wide, apex acutely or acuminate, base attenuates along the petiole down to stipule marks, dark green above, sparsely short when young Pilose, gray-green underneath, with pubescent hairs along the veins; lateral veins 8-10 on each side, petiole length 8-20 mm. Stipule mark is about half the petiole length. Flower buds are ovoid, covered with light yellow silky hairs. Flower leaves are open at the same time, bottle-shaped, erect on the thick, hairy pedicel, slightly fragrant; tepals 9-12, outer ring 3 sepals, purple-green. Needle-shaped is 2-3.5 cm long, often early fall, inner two round fleshy, outer purple or purplish red, inner surface with white, petal-like, elliptical obovate, 8-10 cm long, 3-4.5 cm wide. Stamens are purple-red, 8-10 mm long, anthers about 7 mm long, dehiscing laterally, and the septum sticks out into short pointed heads; the pistil group is about 1.5 cm long, lavender, and glabrous. Aggregate fruit is dark purple-brown, brown, cylindrical, 7-10 cm long; mature follicles are nearly spherical, with a short beak at the top. Flowering period is from March to April, fruit period from August to September.

Magnolia liliflora Desr geographical distribution

Magnolia liliflora Desr is produced in Fujian, Hubei, Sichuan, and northwestern Yunnan, China. Born on the edge of the forest at an altitude of 300-1 600 meters. This species is a traditional flower in China for more than two thousand years. It is cultivated in major cities in China and has been introduced to cities in Europe and the United States. It has gorgeous flowers and is well-known at home and abroad.

Magnolia liliflora Desr

Magnolia liliflora Desr growth environment

Magnolia liliflora Desr likes a warm, humid and sunny environment. It is more resistant to cold, but not tolerant to drought and salinity. It is afraid of flooding and requires fertile, well-drained sandy loam.

Economic value of Magnolia liliflora Desr

The bark, leaves, and flower buds of magnolia liliflora desr can be used as medicine They are fragrant and spicy. They contain volatile oils mainly including citral, eugenol and eucalyptus. It is used for treating rhinitis and headaches. Pain anti-inflammatory agent, a traditional Chinese medicine for more than two thousand years, is also used as the grafting rootstock for magnolia, Bailan and other magnolia plants.

Magnolia liliflora Desr is not only large and beautiful, the flower is graceful, the smell is delicate, the ornamental value is high, the pests are few, and its flower bud has always been the main medicine for the treatment of rhinitis in Chinese medicine. Dry in the shade and set aside. Modern studies have proved that the volatile oil contained in Magnolia liliflora Desr has a constructive effect on the blood vessels of the nasal mucosa, and can promote the absorption of secretions, thereby improving the function of nostril ventilation.

Magnolia liliflora Desr

Magnolia liliflora Desr gardening landscape

Magnolia liliflora Desr is a famous early spring ornamental flower and tree. When it blooms in early spring, the tree is full of purple-red flowers. It is graceful and suitable for planting in the front yard of the classical garden.