Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl profile

Written by Maggie

Dec 16 2020

Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl profile

Lagenaria Siceraria (Molina) Standl is an annual climbing herb with soft hairs and white flowers in summer and autumn. It is monoecious. The rattan of Lagenaria Siceraria (Molina) Standl can be up to 15 meters long, and the fruit can vary from 10 cm to 1 meter, with the heaviest reaching up to 1 kilogram. Lagenaria Siceraria (Molina) Standl cultivation types vary in the length of vines, the size of leaves, flowers and the size and shape of fruits. The fruit is club-shaped, gourd shaped, dolphin-shaped, pot-shaped, etc. The name of the type also depends on the shape of the fruit. In addition, in ancient times, people dried calabash and hollowed it out to make things.

Lagenaria Siceraria (Molina) Standl picture

Lagenaria Siceraria (Molina) Standl

Lagenaria Siceraria (Molina) Standl morphological characteristics

Lagenaria Siceraria (Molina) Standl is an annual climbing herb with soft hair. Tendril split in two. Leaf is blade heart-ovate to kidney-ovate, 10 -- 40 cm long, nearly equal in width to length, slightly angular or 3-lobed, apex acute, margin glandular, base cordate. Lagenaria Siceraria (Molina) Standl petiole is 5 -- 30 cm long, apically with 2 glandular spots. Flowers are 1-2 fruit in leaf axils, male flower pedicel longer than petiole, female flower pedicel as long as petiole or slightly shorter. Lagenaria Siceraria (Molina) Standl calyx is  2 -- 3 cm long, toothed tapered; Corolla white, lobes broadly ovate or obovate, 3 -- 4 cm long, 2 -- 3 cm wide, margin wrinkled, apex slightly sunken or apiculate, with 5 veins. Ovary is oval, tomentose. Lagenaria Siceraria (Molina) Standl fruit is smooth, first green, later white or yellow, tens of centimeters long, middle constrictive, lower than upper. Seeds are white, obovate-elliptic, apically truncate or angular. Flowering period is June - July, fruit period July - August.

Lagenaria Siceraria (Molina) Standl habits and distribution

Lagenaria Siceraria (Molina) Standl likes warm, moist and sunny environments, and does not tolerate cold. The soil requires fertile, moist and well-drained neutral loam, and the slightly acidic and slightly alkaline soil can also be adapted. Usually it grows in the fertile plain and low-lying land and irrigation conditions. Avoid watermelon and other melons to welcome stubble.

There are 154 species of 35 varieties in 32 genera in China, mainly distributed in southwest and south regions, and a few species spread to the north. Yunnan has 28 genera, 97 species and 18 varieties, which are distributed all over the province from tropical to temperate regions, with the most in the south and southwest.

Lagenaria Siceraria (Molina) Standl

Breeding methods of Lagenaria Siceraria (Molina) Standl

Lagenaria Siceraria (Molina) Standl is generally seeded and propagated. Put the prepared seedling culture matrix into the bowl. After filling it, press it under your hand. It is advisable to put the amount of the matrix into the bowl one centimeter or so away from the mouth. Place the strobe pots in the bed with each pot placed close together for the planting bed. After they are all ready, let us put water in the bed at 10 kilograms per square meter. There are holes in the bottom of the plastic bowl so that all the water from the bed will soak into the stroma in the bowl and we will plant the seeds. Place the seeds in the center of each bowl. After the seeds are placed, it is best to press down gently and put one seed into each bowl. After sowing, each pot should be filled with the nursery substrate covering, covering the height of about one centimeter. Just sow all the placed bowls.

The main use of Lagenaria Siceraria (Molina) Standl

1. Lagenaria Siceraria (Molina) Standl can be harvested when it is not ripe and eaten as a vegetable.

2. For collection: For the ancients, Lagenaria Siceraria (Molina) Standl with small mouth and big belly can well absorb the excellent aura in the residence, while effectively restrain and restrain the bad aura, so as to create an appropriate household environment.

3. Economic use: The shell of Lagenaria Siceraria (Molina) Standl is lignified and hollow after maturity. It can be used as various containers, gourds or children's toys, as the bailer; singing bug toys, such as grasshopper gourd.

Lagenaria Siceraria (Molina) Standl