Written by Maggie
Jan 28 2021
Jasminum sambac (L.) Ait stands up to 3 meters tall. Branchlets are cylindrical or slightly compressed, sometimes hollow, sparsely pilose. Leaves are opposite, simple, papery, round, elliptical, ovate-elliptic or obovate, rounded or obtuse at both ends, sometimes slightly heart-shaped at the base, slightly concave or concave on the top, convex on the bottom. Veins are often obvious on both sides and slightly convex. Except for the lower veins which are often tufted with hairs in the axils, the rest are glabrous; lobes are oblong to nearly round, with rounded or blunt apex. The fruit is spherical and purple-black. Flowering period from May to August, fruiting period from July to September. Jasmine's flowers are extremely fragrant, which is a famous raw material for scented tea and important flavor materials; flowers and leaves are used medicinally to treat red eyes, swelling and pain, and have the effect of relieving cough and reducing phlegm.
Standing or climbing shrubs, Jasminum sambac (L.)' height is up to 3 meters high. Branchlets are cylindrical or slightly compressed, sometimes hollow, sparsely pilose. Leaves are opposite , simple leaves, paper leaves, round, elliptical, oval-elliptic or obovate, 4-12.5cm long, 2-7.5cm wide, round or obtuse at both ends, base sometimes slightly heart-shaped, lateral veins 4-6 pairs, slightly concave or concave on the top, convex on the bottom, thin veins are often obvious on both sides, slightly convex, except that the veins in the axils are often tufted, the rest are glabrous; petiole length 2-6mm, It is pubescent and has joints. Cymes are terminal, usually with 3 flowers, sometimes single or as many as 5; peduncle is 1-4.5cm long and pubescent; bracts are tiny, cone-shaped, 4-8mm long; pedicel is 0.3- 2cm; extremely fragrant flowers; calyx glabrous or sparsely pubescent, lobes linear, 5-7mm long; corolla white, corolla tube length 0.7-1.5cm, lobes oblong to nearly circular, 5-9mm wide, apex round Or blunt. The fruit is spherical, about 1cm in diameter, and purple-black. Flowering period from May to August, fruiting period from July to September.
Jasminum sambac (L.) Ait likes to be warm and humid, and grows best in a well-ventilated, semi-shady environment. The most suitable soil is slightly acidic sandy soil containing a lot of humus.
Most Jasminum sambac (L.) Ait varieties are afraid of cold and drought, and are intolerant of frost, waterlogging and alkaline soil. When the temperature is lower than 3℃ in winter, the branches and leaves are susceptible to freezing damage and will die if the duration is long. The deciduous vines are very resistant to cold and drought.
Jasminum sambac (L.) Ait is native to India, southern China and widely cultivated all over the world. It is now widely planted in subtropical regions. It is mainly distributed in Iran, Egypt, Turkey, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Mediterranean countries such as Spain, France, and Italy. It is cultivated in Southeast Asian countries.
Cuttings: from April to October, select mature 1-year-old branches, cut them into cuttings with more than two nodes, remove the lower leaves, and insert them in a slotting bed half of the sand, covered with plastic film, and maintain high air humidity. It takes about 40-60 days to take root.
Layering: Choose longer branches, lightly cut at the lower part of the nodes, bury them in a small pot filled with sand and mud, keep moisturizing, and take roots in 20-30 days. After 2 months, they can be separated from the mother plant and planted separately.