Irises profile

Written by Maggie

Jan 12 2021

Irises profile

Iris is a perennial herb, alternate leaves, more sword shaped, green purple flowers, capsule was a long oval. 

Iris is born under forests, at the foot of mountains and in wet places near streams. It is bitter, sweet and flat, have a little poison; Function: promote blood circulation and remove blood stasis, dispel wind and dampness, detoxify and eliminate accumulation, bruises, rheumatic pain, sore throat, distension, malaria. Iris has strong adaptability to the environment and is easy to cultivate and manage. It can be planted in clusters on the open ground or appreciated in pots.

The flowers of Iris open in April and May, and the flowers are leaf clusters in blue, purple, yellow, white, light red and other colors. The flowers are large and beautiful, and the capsules are 6-ribbed.

Iris picture


Iris feature

Iris is a perennial herb, alternate leaves, 2 rows, sword-shaped, 30 -- 45cm long, about 2cm wide.

Iris is blue purple, 1 to 3 flowers arranged in a raceme, pedicle base with flame bracts, 4 to 5cm long; The perianth segments are 6 and 2, the outer ones are 3 round, with crown-like projections, white or blue, the inner ones are 3 smaller, arched and erect; Iris has 3 stamens, attached to base of outer perianth segment;Ovary inferior.

Iris is about 80 cm tall. Leaves are sword-shaped, thin, light green. Pedicels are with a number of flowers, corolla purple white. Outer 3 larger, round drooping; The inner 3 pieces are smaller and inverted round. Stamens are opposite to outer perianth; The style is 3-lobed, flat as a petal, covered with stamens.

The rhizome is flat cylindrical, gray-brown surface, nodal, nodal often divergent, one end of the internode part enlarged, the other end reduced, the enlarged part of dense concentric rings, the more close to the top of the more dense.

Iris capsule is oblong, 6-rowed, 3 ~ 4cm long.Seeds numerous, orbicular, black.

Iris flowers are out of the leaf cluster, there are blue, purple, yellow, white, light red and other colors, the flower type is large and beautiful. Flowering stage is from April to May, fruiting stage is from October to November, and the capsule is 6-rowed.


Iris habits

Iris likes sunlight, but can tolerate semi-shade and drought. It is suitable for growing in leeward sandy loam soil. It has a strong adaptability to the environment, easy cultivation and management, both open ground into a cluster of planting, but also pot appreciation.

Iris grows in wet places under forests, at the foot of mountains and by streams. Iris prefers moist and fertile places, mainly distributed in the Central Plains, Southwest China and East China.

The ideal relative temperature in Iris is around 75%. Care should be taken to avoid large or gradual changes in humidity. Relative humidity tends to be high on warm sunny, shady or humid days. Measures must be taken to reduce humidity through simultaneous heating and ventilation. After planting, temperature is the most important factor. The temperature is above 5 degrees, the highest temperature is about 20 degrees, and the most suitable temperature is about 17 degrees.

The geographical distribution of Iris

Iris has about 300 species worldwide, distributed in the north temperate zone; There are about 60 species, 13 varieties and 5 varieties in China, mainly distributed in southwest, northwest and northeast of China.

Iris main value

Ornamental value

Most iris plants have high ornamental value and strong resistance to adversity. Their wide adaptability, especially their role in garden construction and huge application prospect, have attracted more and more attention.

Medicinal value

Iris also has a certain medicinal value. After treatment, its plants can be used as medicinal materials. It has the effect of clearing away heat, detoxification, dampness and antistasis, and can be used to treat stomach pain, diarrhea, sore throat and other symptoms. The plant of Iris contains a large number of flavonoid glycosides, which has the effect of anti-inflammation, promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis.