Gentiana tetraphylla profile

Written by Maggie

Jan 13 2021

Gentiana tetraphylla profile

Gentiana tetraphylla, also called Gentiana scabra bunge, is the genus Gentiana tetraphylla of the family Gentiana tetraphylla, which is found throughout the temperate zone. There are more than 340 species in China, and Yunnan alone has about 60 species, accounting for more than half of the whole country. Yunnan is most concentrated in the northwest, alpine and submontane zones, and most species grow in the alpine temperate zone and alpine frigid zone at an altitude of 2000-4800 meters.

Gentiana Tetraphylla picture

Gentiana Tetraphylla

Morphological characteristics of Gentiana Tetraphylla

Gentiana Tetraphylla (Gentiana scabra bunge) is a perennial herb, 30-60 cm tall. Rhizome is prostrate or erect, shortened or up to 5 cm long, with many stout, slightly fleshy fibrous roots. Flower branches are solitary, erect, yellowish green or purplish red, hollow, suborbicular, ribbed, with papillae on ribbed, thinly smooth.Lower branch leaves membranous, lavender-red, scale-shaped, 4-6 mm long, apically dissected, with a cylindrically operculated stem below the middle; nearly leathery, upper leaves sessile, ovate or lanceolate to linear lanceolate, oval 2-7 cm long, 2-3 cm wide, sometimes only about 0.4 cm wide, more to the upper stem not small, apex acute, base of heart-shaped or rounded, margin slightly revolute, rough, densely very fine mastoid above, below is smooth, veins 3-5, above is not obvious, in the following processes, rough.

Flowers are numerous, fascicled branch apices and leaf axils; Gentiana Tetraphylla has no pedicels; Each flower has 2 bracts, bracts lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, subequal to calyx, 2-2.5 cm long; The calyx tube is obconic-cylindric or broadly cylindric, 10-12 mm long, lobes often reflexively or spreading, irregular, linear or linear-lanceolate, 8-10 mm long, apex acute, margin rough, midrib convex on the back, truncate; Corolla is blue-purple, sometimes with many yellow-green spots at throat, tubular campanulate, 4 -- 5 cm long, lobes ovate or ovoid, 7 -- 9 mm long, apex caudate, entire, pleated oblique, narrowly triangular, 3 -- 4 mm long, apex acute or 2-lobed; Stamens are with middle crown tube, neat, filaments subulate, 9 -- 12 mm long, anthers narrowly rounded, 3.5 -- 4.5 mm long; Ovaries are narrowly elliptic or lanceolate, 1.2 -- 1.4 cm long, tapered at both ends or obtuse at base, stalks stout, 0.9 -- 1.1 cm long, styles short with stigma 3 -- 4 mm long, stigma 2-lobed, lobes rectangular.

The capsule is hidden, broad elliptic, 2-2.5 cm long, both ends blunt, stalk up to 1.5 cm; Seeds are brown, lustrous, linear or fusiform, 1.8 -- 2.5 mm long, surface with thickened reticulate, broadly winged at both ends.Flowering period from May to November.

Growth habits of Gentiana Tetraphylla

Gentiana Tetraphylla (Gentiana scabra bunge) prefers a cooler climate, prefers a moist environment, and the soil is usually acidic.

Ornamental value of Gentiana Tetraphylla

Gentiana Tetraphylla (Gentiana scabra bunge) is still good to see. Some of its varieties are quite ornamental, such as the gorgeous Gentiana Tetraphylla and the tassel Gentiana Tetraphylla, which have gorgeous flowers and are very beautiful.

Gentiana Tetraphylla

Propagation methods of Gentiana Tetraphylla

When propagating Gentiana Tetraphylla (Gentiana scabra bunge), people usually use seed propagation, which requires good light and humidity.

The next step is to divide the roots and reproduce them, which is done in the autumn, by digging up the roots of Gentiana tetraphylla, cutting them up and planting them.

In addition, it can also be used for cuttings.

The distribution area of Gentiana Tetraphylla

Gentiana Tetraphylla (Gentiana scabra bunge) is produced in Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Guizhou, Shaanxi, Hubei, Hunan, Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi.

Gentiana Tetraphylla was born in the hillside grassland, roadside, beach, thicket, forest margin and under the forest meadow, 400-1700 meters above sea level. The type specimens were collected from eastern Asia. It is also found in the Soviet Union, Korea and Japan.

Disease control of Gentiana Tetraphylla

Brown spot, spot blight and bud fly can be controlled by conventional methods.

Flower language of Gentiana Tetraphylla: 

To love the sad you.

Gentiana Tetraphylla