Written by Maggie
Jan 20 2021
Florist Kalanchoe, scientific name Kalanchoe blossfeldiana, belongs to the Chrysomelaceae, a plant of the genus Chrysomelaceae, originally from southern Europe. Florist Kalanchoe is a low bushes with large, shiny leaves, which are green all year round. They are planted in the open fields in spring, summer and autumn. They produce dazzling flowers from December to April, with dozens of flowers on each branch.
Florist Kalanchoe: Perennial Pulpy Herbs. Stems are erect, plant height 10-30 cm.Leaves simple, alternating opposite, ovoid, 4-8 x 2-6 cm, fleshy, upper margin undulate obtuse, lower margin entire, bright green, glossy, margin reddish. Inflorescences are panicle, erect, 7-10 cm long. Each plant has 5-7 inflorescences with 60-250 flowers. The flowers are small and saucer-shaped, 1.2-1.6 cm in diameter, with 4 petals in pink, crimson or orange-red color.Flowering from January to April.
Florist Kalanchoe likes warm, slightly wet and sunny conditions. It is not cold resistant, and the suitable temperature for growth is 15 ~ 25℃. If the high temperature in summer exceeds 30℃, the growth is blocked, and the indoor temperature in winter needs 12 ~ 15℃. Under 5℃, the leaves turned red and the flowering time was delayed. This will inhibit flowering if the room temperature is over 24 ° C during winter and spring flowering. For example, when the temperature is around 15 ° C, Florist Kalanchoe keeps flowering.
Florist Kalanchoe is drought-tolerant and not too strict with the soil, preferring rich sandy loam. Florist Kalanchoe is a short-day plant and is sensitive to photoperiodic reactions. Growth and development of well-developed plants, given short sunshine (8 ~ 9 hours of light per day) treatment for 3 ~ 4 weeks can appear when buds bloom.
It works best in May to June or September to October. Choose slightly mature fleshy stems, cut 5 ~ 6 cm long, inserted in the sand bed, after watering, with film cover, room temperature at 15 ~ 20℃, inserted after 15 ~ 18 days to take root, can be potted 30 days. 10 cm pots are often used. If seedlings are not much, leaf cuttings can be used. The strong and substantial leaves from the petiole is cut, after the cut is slightly dry, diagonally inserted or put on the sand bed, keep the humidity, about 10 ~ 15 days, can take root from the base of the leaves, and grow new plants.
The stem tips, leaves, stems, flower buds and flowers of Florist Kalanchoe have been used as explants in the United States and France since the late 1970s to induce adventitious buds on MS medium with 2 mg/l kathrin and 0.1 mg/l naphthoxyacetic acid. Then 1/2MS medium was added with 1 mg/l of indolebutyric acid to induce rooting. At room temperature of 25 ~ 27℃, 16 hours of light. After 4 ~ 6 weeks, it can grow small plants.
When selecting seedlings, we should observe the situation of the leaves and choose healthy seedlings with thick and plump leaves. Florist Kalanchoe is drought tolerant and sensitive to excessive humidity. Just let the soil surface dry before watering. Let it be bathed in sufficient sunlight. Poor sunshine conditions will cause the plant to grow barren.
Florist Kalanchoe is a small, compact plant with green leaves and dense flowers. It is an ideal indoor potted flower in winter and spring. Flowering period is near Christmas, New Year's Day and the Spring Festival, decorate window sills, desks, desks, very appropriate. Florist Kalanchoe is used in public places, such as flower grooves, windows and halls, and the overall ornamental effect is excellent.
Good luck, long life and happiness.