Firmiana simplex profile

Written by Maggie

Dec 25 2020

Firmiana simplex profile

Firmiana Simplex is a large deciduous tree with a height of 15m; The trunk is straight and the bark is green and smooth. Originally from China, the French Firmiana Simplex is actually a kind of sycamore tree, which is mistaken for Firmiana Simplex because the leaf looks like it.

Firmiana Simplex in China is also a beautiful ornamental plant that is planted in front of gardens, houses, and also as a street tree. Leaves are palmate, cleft as a flower. In summer flowers are monoecious, small, yellowish-green, panicles, bright and bright when in bloom. 

Firmiana Simplex picture

Firmiana Simplex

Morphological characteristics of Firmiana Simplex

China firmiana simplex bark is turquoise, smooth. Leaves are cordate, palmately 3-5-lobed, 15 -- 30cm in diameter, lobes triangular, apically acuminate, basally cordate, glabrous or slightly pubescent on both surfaces, 7 basal veins, petiole as long as leaf blade. Panicles are terminal, ca. 20 -- 50cm long, lower branches up to 12cm long, flowers yellowish green or purple; The calyx is 5-lobed several to base, sepals oblong, outward curled, 7 -- 9mm long, outside puberulent yellowish, inside pilose only at base; The pedicel and flower several are equal length; Male flowers the stipe and calyx are the same length, the lower part is thick, glabrous, anthers 15 irregularly clustered at the apex of the stipe, degenerate ovary pear-shaped and very small; Female flowers are ovary globose, hairy. Follicles are membranous, stipe, dehiscent into leaves before maturity, 6 ~ 11cm long, 1.5 ~ 2.5cm wide, covered with short hairs or few hairs outside, 2 ~ 4 seeds per follicle. Seeds are spherical, wrinkled, ca. 7 mm in diameter. Flowering period is June ~ July, fruit ripening period October ~ November.

Firmiana Simplex growth habit

Firmiana Simplex tree is a photophilic plant, likes warm climate, not cold, suitable for fertile, moist sandy loam, alkali - loving, root meat, not water - resistant, and should be planted in the village roadside, house, hillside, limestone hillside, etc. firmiana Simplex is a positive tree species, good in warm and humid environments, resistant to cold, drought and barren. The bark is intolerant of the hot sun in summer.It grows well on sandy soil.

Firmiana Simplex distribution area

Firmiana Simplex is mainly produced in Zhejiang, Fujian, Jiangsu, Anhui, Jiangxi, Guangdong, Nanjing, Hubei and other provinces, and is distributed from Hainan Island in Guangdong to Shandong, Beijing and Hebei in North China. Firmiana Simplex is also distributed in Japan, North Korea, South Korea. They are mostly cultivated.The Yangtze River and Pearl River basin are also more.

Firmiana Simplex

Firmiana Simplex growth environment

Firmiana Simplex likes light, deep moist soil and fast growth. The fruit is divided into 5 particles. Before ripening, the particles split into small boats. There are two Firmiana Simplex made in China. One is Firmiana Simplex. First, Firmiana Simplex in Yunnan. Firmiana Simplex of Yunnan, bark rough, grayish black, margin generally trifid.

Firmiana Simplex propagation methods

Firmiana Simplex trees are usually propagated by seeding method, cuttings and roots can also be used. Autumn fruits are harvested when they are ripe, dried and shelled and then planted in the autumn of the same year, or planted in the spring of the following year. The drill row spacing is 25cm and the overlying soil thickness is about 1.5cm. Seeding capacity per acre is about 15kg. The seeds germinated orderly and germinated 4 to 5 weeks after sowing. Dry seeds often germinate, not neat, before sowing with warm water to accelerate the bud. Under normal management, the seedling height of the current year can reach more than 50cm, and the next year will be planted and cultivated separately. Three years seedlings can be out of the nursery. The planting site should be selected in the high-dry terrain, apply basic fertilizer into the hole, and seal the saw mouth with wax after it is dry. Pay attention to Firmiana Simplex psyllid, frost sky moth, moths and other insect pests, oil emulsion, chlorophora, dimethoate, methamidophos and other control. In the north, straw ropes are wrapped around young trees in winter to protect them from the cold. Fertilize in winter and early spring.

The main use of Firmiana Simplex

1. For viewing: Firmiana Simplex is for ordinary street trees and garden greening ornamental trees. They adorn gardens and houses, and are also planted as roadside trees. Leaves are palmate, cleft as a flower. In summer flowers are monoecious, small, yellowish-green, terminal panicles, bright and bright when in bloom.

2. Economic use: Firmiana Simplex wood is light and soft, good for making wooden boxes and Musical Instruments. Cooked seeds can be eaten or pressed oil, oil for non - drying oil. The fibers of the bark are white and can be used for paper making and rope making. Wood planer can leach mucous, weigh shavings, embellish hair.Leaves are used as soil pesticides.

3. Medicinal value: Leaves, flowers, roots and seeds can be used as medicine. It can clear heat and detoxify, strengthen spleen and eliminate food, stop bleeding, reduce dampness and swelling, dispel wind and dehumidify, promoting blood circulation.

Firmiana Simplex